1 úachtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úachtar or dil.ie/42581

Forms: íochdar, úachdar

n (earlier óchtar q.v.) o, n., later m. íochdar úachdar, IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) the upper part or surface of anything, the top: is coīle 'sa coīle corice a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 262 (of a cowl). nathir doilbth[e], ..., | derbaid for a firuachtur (of Moses' rod), SR 4332 . lassar ..., dub a íchtur, derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, LU 2147 . cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar ... laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a hu.¤ , O'Dav. 514 . focheird im ú.¤ in corthe, LU 4698 . ciṅgid C. ..., co mbái for u.¤ cobraidi scéith N., TBC 1996 ( LL 73a29 ). ar (for) ú.¤ over (of clothes): do gabh uime ar u.¤ a éideadh í put it on over his armour (viz. an léine), ML 42.20 . leinte geala ar u.¤ earradh a marcsluaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 200.14 . ar u.¤ cacha daibche, MR 130.2 . atchiu trí neollu, nél glan, ... néll glas, ... néll derg ... | atciu ann ar a n-u.¤ , Acall. 7591 . upper part (of a house): u.¤ tighe fan chléir chuire, | fine Néill ag suidhe síos, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 198.71 . Of a grave: ro adnacusa he i n-uachtur m'adnocuil fén, PH 1533 . i n-uachtur in ādnocuil, 1558 . nit ic na diablaib i n-a u.¤ (comparing the avaricious man to a decaying tree), 7746 . Of the air: saighnen ... tísadh a hu.¤ aeoir docum talman `from the upper region of the air,' CCath. 362 . Fig.: Césair do toidecht a féic[i] ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim, 372 . i n-u.¤ an chláir at the top of the table , Corp. Astron. 106 § 40 .

Contrasted with íchtar: ni accatarsom cinnas boí thís a híchtur nó a huachtur túas fora hairde, LU 1927 . dichetal for ochtraig co rathochra a mbí ina íchtur for a ú.¤ do choṅgna ... `so that all ... that are below come to the top,' Triads 117 . is cuma leis cia dhíobh bhíos i n-u.¤ no i n-íochtar an mhála, TSh. 868 . an té do bhíodh a n-u.¤ ar ball do bhíodh a n-íochtar (descr. of a scuffle), PCT 1641 . buailios a chum- pánach ..., gur chuir uachtar tre íochtar a inchinne 1065 .

Attrib. gen. upper, uppermost; foremost: in cloch uachtair `the upper stone,' Laws i 140.17 Comm. gég úachtair na tíre thall `the top-most branch' (fig. of King Arthur), Studies 1919, 73 . dá éan uachtair chuaine Chuinn `the two noblest birds' (fig.), Ir. Monthly 1926, 471.2 . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe, CCath. 668 . In phr.: ó íochtar go húachtar from top to bottom: léine ní líontar dá dhul | d'fhéile ó íochtar go hu.¤ , Studies 1928, 68.11 . ro-dluiged iarum fial in tempuil a ṅdib lethib, o ta a u.¤ co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

adv i n-ú.¤ above (denoting rest): a nem hitat aingil i n-u.¤ (MS iinuachtar) `above,' Ml. 42b10 . of something written in a MS.: túas i n-ōchtur (gl. ex titulo), Bcr 32a3 . Hence: beíth i n-ú.¤ to be on top, supreme, victorious: iarruim Cromuil do bheith i n-u.¤ , PCT 1252 . an tí budh treise do bheith i n-u.¤ , 1845 .

lám i n-ú.¤ : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ ropo lám i n-uachtur leo Conall (proverb), CRR 36 ( LL 176a32 ). go dtug Dia an lámh i n-u.¤ ag Scotaibh ... orra God gave the Scots the upper hand of them , (i.e. the victory over them), Keat. ii 6144 .

adv i n-ú.¤ up, upward (after vb. of motion): ré buinne nó ré heas abhann ... éirgheas go héasgaidh obann i n-u.¤ arís, TSh. 7610 .

In phr.: i n-u.¤ a chind at the top of his voice : atbert ... Mac C. in guth a n-ūachtar a chind, Aisl. MC 85 y ( LB 218a45 ).

(b) The upper part of a country: lá ro boí Condla ... for láim a athar i n-uachtor Usnig, LU 9994 . i n-ūachtur Fer Tulach, B. Colm. 56.26 . ro ionnarb Donnachadh a flaithius Uladh iar nuachtar, `from the chieftainship of the upper part of U.', FM ii 1088.11 . ro airccset Uladh iar nu.¤ uile `all the upper part of Ulidia', ib. 17 . Sometimes corres- ponds to southern: Ú.¤ Connacht Upper C. (i.e. Galway, O'Flaherty, Iar gConnaught 99 ): sloigeadh do dhenomh do Mac Uilliam ... in U.¤ Connacht go Cloinn Riocaird, FM iii 634y . AU 1366 .

Common in place-names: see Onom., FM index, etc.

(c) the upper part of milk, cream: ochtar ocus lemlacht, Laws iv 302.23 (C. G.). lan ueine tri nol do u.¤ taiscida tri la ┐ teora n-aidchi, SM Facs. 31a = Laws ii 254.4 ( ZCP xiv 356 ). fuaramuir mil, u.¤ ┐ onoir, PCT 1243 .

(d) u.¤ go tóin name of a plant (lit. cream to the bottom) supposed to turn milk into cream, if milk-pail is scoured with it, Ir. Gl. p. 56 . Cf. uachdar `' ?; O'R, Armstrong, Gael. Dict.

(e) the upper of a shoe: a n-u.¤ ní chaithid, ní chaillid a ndeallramh `they wear not their uppers out,' E. O'Rahilly xviii 51 .

Compds.: ¤erraid `upper [outer ?] garments': bádar ... gan ḟorbhruta iar ffágbháil a nuachtairearraidh isin ffiailtig, FM vi 1916.11 . ¤ḟairsing wide above: do chlarscíathaibh ... uachtarfairsingaibh moraib ina timchioll, CCath. 4984 .

With subst. prefix: co barr-úachtar a dond-fúathroci, LU 6558 . sech barr-uachtar in sceith, TBC 1997 ( LL 73a30 ).

Here perh.: in sdablaing ... doberthea do L. do lāruachtar eanbruithi choiri C., BB 257b42 .