umal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. umal or dil.ie/43143
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: huimlib, Uma

adj o-ā (Lat. humilis; d p. huimlib, ZCP vii 312 § 27 . Cf. the abstr. umla(e), uimle) humble; obedient : umal quasi humilis latine , Corm. Y 1297 . nach gním umal bad hé dongneith (gl. humilibus consentientes), Wb. 5d27 . munup umal in ceile, Laws ii 196.14 Comm. bát umal múnta ó gáethaib, LU 3490 ( SCC 26 ), bat umal corbot ūasal `be humble that you may be exalted,' RC xlv 17 (= Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.7 . ba humal gurab uasal, Anecd. iii 13.16 ). oibid .i. umal, ... bui oibidh .i. robui curb umhal, O'Dav. 1320 (ref. to ACC 80 ). aes óg, sacairt, leignidi, | is aés humal, ... |, SR 4391 . int āes umal imīsel, Ériu iii 30 § 6 . munter umal, aurlaithe, | nád epir ní reg, 106 § 45 . ba faith humal, ennac, óg (of Samuel), SR 5379 . Ísu, ... ba hidan umal, PH 3304 . in t-í is umal ┐ is inísel, 5833 . ... go mbí an ghlóir d'áirithe ag an druing bhíos umhal ó spioraid, TSh. 8144 . dona grásuibh bheith umhal `humility is one of the graces,' TD 38.1 . a mbeatha umhal is ísioll, DDána 27a 11 . croidhe uiríseal umhal, 37.41 . g s m. clíar már Marcill umail, Fél. Sept. 28 . buaid ṅIchtbrichtáin umail, Fél. Dec. 8 . d s. m. ic Erimón umal, Metr. Dinds. i 6.13 . d s. f. dá bhfuair 'na hinghin umhail | an sduaigh mbinnghil mbanamhail `modest' TD 1.23 . n p. na sé mná umhia aile, DDána 55.8 . a p. do arduigh sé na dáoine umhla, Luke i 52 . d p. bí eagna ag na daóinibh umhla, Proverbs xi 2 .

Compar.: do ráidh Dia ... | umhla Muire Magh-da-léan | damh iná an uile fhíréan, Dán Dé v 29 . umhla ná gach ógh oile | máthair Meic na trócaire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 25 . ní as umhla ná umhal, PBocht 8.3 . Superl.: an tslat chumhra ... | is í as umhla dá hubhall `the lowliest on the tree,' Ir. Monthly 1930, 152 § 23 ( DDána p. 157 ).

u.¤ (do)chum ready to: ... nach lughaide do bhádar umhal chum a dhíola, Maguires of F. 44z .

u.¤ do obedient, submissive, subject to: bí umal do'n aos aimhnirt `affable, gentle,' O'Gr. Cat. 485y . bígidh uile umhal dá chéile, 1 Peter v 5 . is imdha tír ... ata umhal don imper Gregach, Maund. 21 . trían curadh tíad in gach tír, | gidh umhal iad don airdrígh, L. Cl. A. B. 95z . fer nach umhal do nós Gall, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 189.1 . oir ataim umhal doiph `I accept their verdict' (i.e. that of scholars), 136.23 . do gab braighde ar Mac Giollapatraic le bheith umhol dó `as a token of submission to him,' Mart. Don. xxix 28 . ní fuilid umal don phápa na don eclais Romhánaigh, Maund. 26 . biódh ... umhal dona cumhachdaibh, Romans xiii 1 . umhal d'ḟior ionaid Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 97.12 ( Luc. Fid. 53 ). do chléir fá ní is umhal é, Ir. Monthly 1923, 533 § 33 ( DDána p. 352 ). is umul sin (sc. sanguine humour) do dilegad, Rosa Angl. 306.8 .

u.¤ le ready, willing to: atámaoid umhal le bhar gcíos do thabhairt dhíbhsi, Maguires of F. § 50 .

is u.¤ le: do'n cheol chanait gan phudar | lem do bud umal anud I should be willing to stay , SG 347.14 .

Compd.: umail-gég: ní beó bláth na n-umhailghég (: Mairghrég) `of the lowly branches,' Ir. Review 1913, 136 . Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 108 . do bí ... go habaidh umhalgnímach 'she was ... mature and humble in deed', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 179 § 30 .

With co: adúbhairt go rachadh go húmhal a ndáil chatha `readily' i.e. willingly , ML 14.4 . nir fed enduine acu a tocbail ... teid fen da hindsaige, ┐ do glac sé í, ┐ do erich sí les co humhal (of a Cross), BCC § 215 . oibrigh sí go humhal worketh willingly , Proverbs xxxi 13 . do aontoigh é go humhal, TD 31.34 . ica comallad co humal, Three Hom. 14.8 . ... ná toghadh neach | bheith dó go humhal áiseach `humble and servile' (of conduct of a king), TD 20.3 . in t-othar co humal do `submissive,' Rosa Angl. 278.14 .

As subst. a humble, obedient person: n s. atcota umal (v.l. umla) álgine, Anecd. iii 11.12 . atcota umal ordan, 13.4 . RC xlv 67 . (of St. Cainnech:) is umal ordnide, ACL iii 221.3 . an t-umhal ó spioraid, TSh. 8143 (= an duine umhal a spioraid, Proverbs xxix 23 ). suas ar neamh théid an t-umhal, 8148 . a s. trí forindet cach n-umal, Triads 191 . ná dearmuid an t-umhal, Psalms x 12 . g s. urnaighthe an umhail (=oratio humiliantis), TSh. 7207 . tug an Tighearna dá aire urnaighthe an umhail, 7213 . contrárdha ... dá cheile atá ceann innmhe an díomsaigh ┐ an umhail, 8147 . d s. forindet .i. doní faisnéis ar in umhal, Triads 191 gl. a p. do arduigh na humhail=exaltavit humiles, TSh. 8153 . g p. sás mórtha na n-umhal é `exalter of the humble,' Studies 1919, 75 . Cf. co n-ēchtaib umal with deaths of subject folk , Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 45 . d p. dona huimlib dobeir rath `lowly,' ZCP vii 312 § 27 .

As npr. m.: Uma, BDD 84 (humal Y).