ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (*aith-fen-, Ped. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Bláthm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'Don. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'C. 766 ( H. 3.18, 360b ). ?gin co haitaither, 506 ( H. 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Met. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, FM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .