1 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaid or dil.ie/7221
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: boid, mbuaid, boad, bód, búadach, mbuáid, būed, buade, buada, -mbuadhe, buaidi, ṁbúada, ṁbúade, buáith, bōaidh, búada, búada, búada, bhúaidhe, buada, búadae, búade, mbúadaib, búadh, búaidh, búadha, buaidhe, buada, buadha, buadchind

n i, n., perh. earlier ā, f. Arch. boid gl. (ad) bravium (sic leg.), Wb. 24a16 (a prima manu). n s. a mbuaid , Ml. 43b7 (gl. triumphus). b.¤ , Fél. Oct. 12. b.¤ nIóib, May 11 . boad, Corp. Gen. 7.3 . bód (buaid, MS : óg), Ériu xxii 42 § 10 (earliest form ? Cf. búadach, 50 n. 10). a s. a mbuáid , Wb. 11a6 . būed, ZCP xii 234 § 47. g s. buade, Wb. 24a17 (cf. GOI § 301 ). buada (: -chūala), Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy.v). -mbuadhe (: huaighe), Blathm. 418 , buaidi, 625 . ṁbúada (: Chlúana), Fél. Prol. 183. ṁbúade, June 5 . d s. don buáith , Wb. 11a7 . d a s. fo bōaidh , ZCP x 45.22 . n a p. búada, LU 10184. na tri búada , 6893 (BDD). teóra búada , 6407 (TBC), buada, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . bhúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 126. buada, Fél. p. 156.12 . g p. búadae, Fél. Mar. 12. búade, May 3 . d p. co mbúadaib , Jan. 27. búadh m. g s. n p. búaidh, búadha, IGT Decl. § 38 (88.6) . g s. buaidhe, Donlevy 402.14 .

(a) victory, triumph: buaidh `victory', Eg. Gl. 64. buáid et indocbál domsa, Wb. 30d13 . a mbuáid inna mmíled talmande, 11a10 . is óinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . ní ba unus gebas a mbuáid huáibsi, 11a6 . di buaid inna mbabelóndae, Ml. 115d9 . amal runucad buáid diib `as victory had been won over them', Ml. 104a8 . Cf. IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). aní atreba b.¤ no molad gl. palmarium, Sg. 35a10 . iar ṁb. ┐ coscur, Fél. Ep. 23. b.¤ Maicc Dé dia námait, Feb. 15. PH 4900. cach buaid fri hU Neill, Lat. Lives 81 .z . do ruc buaidh na coimhlinga, Feis Tighe Chonáin 994. seoid ┐ maine . . . log a mbuada, TTebe 24651 . buaidh cogaidh, Stair Erc. 2130. buaidh cáigh ar Laighnibh the Laigin conquered all, LBranach 2427 . Eagluis na mBuadh Church Triumphant, Eochairsg. 73.12 .

With follg. defining gen. esp. in religious contexts victory, palm, crown, etc. (of martyrdom, penitent's death, etc.): iar ṁbuaidh ega is aitrighe, BB 59a4 . īar mbūaidh mbrethamhnuis, ZCP viii 213 § 64. dochotar buaid martra, LB 220a51 . Cf. PH 6520. b.¤ n-ailithre `the prize of pilgrimage ', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . birt būaidh [n]-eccna (Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 6. Cf. iar mbreith bhuadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dhemhan, AFM ii 982.7 . do bhean buadh, Aithd. D. 95.29 .

(b) special quality or attribute, gift, virtue (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 98-104 ; the positive equivalent of geis, LEIA B-107 ); pre-eminence, excellence; prerogative; with follg. gen. us. the choicest, best: buaidh .i. toga, O'Dav. 223. buaidh .i. maith, ut est buaidh innsgi anaib great courtesy is the most excellent thing in speech, 199 . b.¤ precepte `the gift of teaching', Wb. 27c20 . dom-berthar b.¤ lére the gift of fervour, zeal, Fél. Prol. 3. būada in betha `Herrlichkeilen', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . má bód / mBreg mbras, Ériu xxii 42 § 10. biaid b.¤ láech ┐ chleirech huait co bráth (i.e. you will produce the best of warriors and clerics), Trip.² 1071. is buaid laech, is fo in fer atacualamar, Hib. Min. 72.31 . itāat trī būada formsa .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa accomplishments , TBC-I¹ 298. búada imda . . . . a gáes . . . b.¤ clessamnachta. buaid mbúanfaig . . . buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 10153. buaid do gal, do gart, do gaisced, do gen fāilte fri cach n-óen, Fing. R. 497. a Loegairi . . . a b.¤ n-óc nUlad, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). fuil buaid clérig . . . / for gruaid Ailig, LL 21937. aill do buadaib Duind Ch. and-so .i. coica samaisce no daired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1529. bha b.¤ caintaisceda a treasured possession (a sword), 5957 . bratt bommannach co mb.¤ cach datha thariss with quality, LL 11944. b.¤ fir bí `the noblest living man' (of Colum Cille), Metr. Dinds. ii 40.20 . rob lir buada beannachtan / ar do ṡíl, Leb. Cert.² 174.132 . `tarrais buaid focail fair ┐ n-anma' (i.e. you have named him well), Acall. 5533. a buaid na mban o flower of women, ML² 736. seacht n-urgarta rígh Temruch . . . A sheacht mbúadho .i. íascc Bóinne, fíadh Luibnighe . . . entitlements (?), PRIA liv (1951) 8.6 . na gessa sin ┐ na buada, BB 267b3 . gur coilled a gesa ┐ gur brised a buada `(Cúchulainn vit) que ses interdits avaient été violés et que ses vertus étaient anéanties´ Comp. CC 81 § 13 (Aided Con Culainn) , LEIA B-107 . Cf. BB 267 b 3 above. .iii. buadae laechdachtae .i. fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526. a c[h]lérig, . . . mac . . . meic beōiri būaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . buaid ndibeirge an unsurpassed outrage, Prolegomena 29 n. a guidhe is blagh dá buadhaibh (of the Cross) `one of the blessings', Aithd. D. 88.12 .

(c) good, advantage, profit, benefit: nocon fetur . . . / in buaid dorignius no in bet, LU 3861 ( SCC 38 ). noca nedh(a) sin is buaid ann Suibni do dul ar geltacht, acht ar facaib do scelaib ┐ do laidhib dia eis, Laws iii 88.5 Comm. cía buaid duinne tadall in sídasa ?, Dinds. 65 ( LL 22557 ). ba ferr b.¤ a n-anocail oldás b.¤ a ṅgona, BDD² 953 - 4 . is hē a mbūaid (of alms), ACL iii 319 § 73. d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth `seeing the good of those wild floods', Content. xxx 29. fri buaig da cach duil, Ériu ii 124 § 75.

Attrib. g s victorious, triumphal; pre-eminent, outstanding; precious: adrad Maicc Dé dán búada `victorious art!' Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy. v). ? cethracha blíadan co mbáig / ṁbúadai lan ríaglach tria rím, Ériu vii 228 § 68. dobert bendacht ṁbúade/ for epscop Erc, Fél. Nov. 2. ech buada , 156.11 ` valuable ', Laws i 230.z. cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . an ghein brigmar bhúadha, Duan. F. ii xlv 2 (` gifted '). feacht buadha `a triumphant progress' (i.e. death), BNnÉ 287.1 . Eoin buadha Baiste, Celt. Rev. x 133. 17 . cloch bhuaidhe ` gem ', Rel. Celt. ii 234.27 . líog buadha, TD 41.17 . aimsear bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1347. ? Predic. g s. nir buada a athig mé / i mbethaidh maic D. (said by the widow of mac D. to a churl who wishes to force her to be his wife), D IV 2, 53 vb 20 .

In salutation: att-re buaidh ┐ bennachtain, Grail 2981 . beir buaidh ┐ beannachtain, Feis Tighe Chonáin 205.

Freq. in chevilles: b.¤ suthain, Fél. Nov. 28.

In phr. co mb.¤ (búadaib) (freq. a cheville): gein co mbúadaib, Fél. Jan. 27 (`with victories'). mac Māil co mbuaidh, ML² 1292. béra in memrum fá buaidh, ZCP ii 225.2 . bheith fa bhuaidh nó bheith slán, DDána 46.31 . orusa dhamh dul fa bhuaidh `I am likely to win', PBocht 18.5 . Goill re céd mblíadhan fa bhúaidh victorious , IGT Decl. ex. 333.

Compds. With nouns: tre būadail `durch einen siegreichen Stein', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 .i. ail bauda (sic), v.l. add. atbath iar ṁbuadail co mblaid, Rawl. 164a24 . buadhall .i. all buadhach no halla buadach ` all-victorious ', O'Cl. buadharg .i. láoch buadhach, ib. Mag nItha tes Brí buadchind (attrib. g s.), LL 554. ro marbsat in ṁbuadching bil, 15667 . corn na mbuadh-chloch precious stones, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3. búadfocol an ro radis you've hit the nail on the head (?), LU 10060. .u.c. bliadna buadgaire, BB 357b13 = bith-glaine, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.12 . buadgein buagnige, IT iii 247.115 . bethir borb būaidgniad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. buaidliae (sic leg.) gl. lapis uictoriae, Sg. 15b11 . buadliae, Sg. 113a2 . buadremmend ind Léith Macha `victorious courses', RC iii 181.37 ( LL 14055 ). bar hEirc Buadaig buaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.15 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 . With n. pr. bri buad-Cuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.7 . is C. dligetar / arróet caincomram búadErcoil, LU 8950 ( FB 71 ).

With adj.: Búaidbeó (n. pr.), Fél. Nov. 17. circi Bairci na mbuadgarg (subst.), BB 399a43 .

With adj. derived from noun: Buadgalach (n. pr.), LL 11519 (TBC).

See 1 cath, 1 il.