C

Cite this: eDIL s.v. C or dil.ie/7490

Forms: c

the third letter of the Irish alphabet, and in the Ogam alphabet the fourth letter in the second or h-group, see Auraic. 1182 , IGT Introd. § 4. Irish name 1 coll hazel , q.v.

As regards doubling, phonetic value (presence and absence of voice), lenition and nasalization parallel with t, q.v.

For confusion of lenited ch with th see t. Lenited ch also alternates with lenited g, especially in final position, GOI 78 , 83 .

On the group -cht, which normally resists palatalization, see GOI 76 , 89 , 101 , 135 , 224 and Ériu xii 231 - 2 .

Ir. c originates in IE *k, *kw (Ogham Q), *g (before t, ṡ), GOI 92 , 114 ; *p (before t), 139 ; *nk, 126 ; in Lat. c, qu, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 227 , 230 ; and in W. c, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 23.

In composition voiceless c is found in trócar < tróg + car, frecor < *fret + cor, beiceann < beag + ceann, maiceal < mac + geal, etc., see GOI 86 - 7 , IGT Introd. §§ 25 , 46 , 48 , 103 (see Éigse iii 66 ); voiced c in tecnate < teg + gnáth + de, frecre < *fret-gaire, ac(c)aldam < *ad-gládam, ecal < *eks + gal.