caratrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caratrad or dil.ie/8219

n o, [m.] later m. (1 cara).

(a) friendship; alliance : nírob mebul less mo ch.¤ friendship with me, Wb. 30a6 . in caratrid gl. amicitiae, Ml. 30d18 . c.¤ gl. familiaritas, 58b11 . intamail caratraid gl. similatione amicitiae, 61c8 . do chuinchid for caratraid, LU 3338 ( SCC 13 ). muna tucthar do ara c.¤ `through friendship', BCrólige 24 n. 4 . ro búi snaidhm caradraidh atarru ┐ Poimp bond of alliance, CCath. 1643 . do grad indmais no caradraidh gain or favour, Maund. 25 . dogníatt c.¤ annsein `covenant', BColm. 88.5 . is olc liom an caradradh so ó Ch. `ill I deem this friendship from C.', CRR² 46 . ? Cf. duine comaithech, ┐ ni c.¤ , Laws v 478.11 Comm. Gramm.: ataid focail dibh sin ┐ ní fuil caradrad ferindsgni riu acht se (= sé) do radh riu (of nouns inflected as f. with which a m. pron. is used), IGT Metr. Faults § 130 . Note also: nirbot cairdemail ┐ nirbot caratradh imoroile, Hugh Roe² 42.13 (leg. perh. -aidh here and in next ex.). no bhérdaoís a mbáire o robtar caradradh fri aroile, AFM v 1860.6 .

Of sexual alliance: commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 153.22 . co tarla ina caratradh, gur'bo torrach hí, Moling 5 . fri caradrad na mban ┐ na sacart, SG 48.7 . With synonyms: mallach[t] . . . a charatraid ┐ a chardessa fair, TBC-LL¹ 2162. 2176 . an muinnteardhas ┐ an caradradh, Desid. 4697 .

Folld. by prep. FRI: cid ara ndluthid c.¤ friu, Wb. 27a30 . c.¤ . . . frinn `friendship towards us', Ml. 115d5 . oenḟer coṅgeib commond ┐ c.¤ frim-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2151 . an lucht risa mbi caradradh colna dhuit, Ériu xiii 45.21 . Michel frisa raibe a charadrad, Fél. 12.4 . ro chenglattar a ccumann ┐ a ccaratradh le ceile, BNnÉ 251.19 . comhartha caradraigh Dé ris na daoinibh, Beatha S. F. 1722 . As descript. gen.: ra clóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (TBC). a fer cara[d]raid fein `personal friend', Ann. Conn. 1227.2 . fa fer cumainn ┐ carattraidh dó Colaim Cille, BNnÉ 257.10 .

Also perh. friendly surroundings, circumstances : á c.¤ .i. nech bed chare do gl. quos . . . necessitudo coniunxerat, Ml. 29c16 . amal dungní nech són c.¤ du etuch dia ditin ar huacht `as a man forms a friendship for a garment', 90d3 gl. tanquam uestimento síc amicarentur (for amicirentur) creminibus.

(b) blood or marriage relationship : ba facus dino a c.¤, .i. Crist ┐ Eoin, LB 144b56 . faccus a charadrad dó . . . .i. mac a meic, Acall. 4698 . is hé ba foicsi carotrad dóa his nearest relation, TTr.² 1631 . cleamnus ┐ caradrad, TTebe 677 . do c[h]ongbáil a caradraid ┐ a clemhnasa re C., ML² 900 . ? Cf. ní féchand do chol ná do caradradh, De Contemptu 1584 .