cimmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cimmid or dil.ie/9101

Forms: cimbid, cimme, cimeach, cimbi, cime, cimidh, chimedha

n i, m. Earlier cimbid. Later cimme; cimeach, TSh. 120 etc. cimbi, Trip.² 1938 and cime (: Seinchille), LL 394.38 are perh. nn. loc. cimidh m., IGT Decl. § 52 .

Captive, prisoner, condemned person (somet. one fated to die, victim): cimidh .i. bráigh, O'Cl. cimbith .i. a cimba (= cumba) .i. ō nōi enseche indi fri bās no longuis, O'Mulc. 225 , based on cimbith (cimba, MS.) quasi cimba ( cymba , LB) .i. ōn nōi ōenṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 where the reference is to Charon's boat. am cimbid-se `a captive', Wb. 27c22 . ciarpsa cimbid, 30a6 . cimbithi gl. uincti, Ml. 107d2 . cimbidi .i. (e)os quos custodiebant , Thes. i 498.35 (Ardm.). dilse cimbetho gl. Iesum flagillatum, 484.3 . cechaing cēim cimbetho `he went the way of a captive', Celtica vi 232.33 (ZCP viii 306.29 ). tromdér . . . / oc coíniud an chimbetho (of crucified Christ), Blathm. 528 . mac an tṡáir, cain cimbid, Fél. Aug. 14 . ba cain cimbith, Blathm. 491 . in lecfide in cimbid (of one condemned to death), Vita Br. 32 . cleireach lasa marbtar c.¤ `a cleric by whom a captive is killed', Mon. Tall. 158.17 . eirr broga Murthemni millsit ammaiti dich.¤ n-etain, LL 14234 (in rhetoric). nī cen chimbedu no beind / do macaib Fer Lugach lonn, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . 'na cimmidib cumrechtai (of sons of Jacob), SR 3562 . c.¤ ergna . . . Barabas, PH 3258 . cimidh go gceird nathrach, Aithd. D. 70.26 . in fogmoir buí ina cime lais `who was his captive', Stair Erc. 711 .

Legal: niba díles do nech guin an chimbidh acht don tí frisi ndéni cion, Ériu xiii 45.28 (g s. chimedha, 26 ). ni cria do baeth . . . do mnaí, do cimid, Laws iii 58.6 .i. is dilsech bais, 22 Comm. cro cimeda `the death of a captive', v 236.12 . log .vii. cumal niath .i. lógh cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri, Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . fer forgaib cimbid cen aurlúd (in list of people fit to prepare food for a king), Críth G. 557 . iarmoracht . . . cimidhi (regarded as an exemption), Laws i 266.22 . secht necmachta ratha la féine: mug, cumul, c.¤ . . . , glossed .i. duine fuaslaicter ó bás, O'D. 2074 .

More specifically victim : cimbid gl. anathema, Wb. 4b30 (see note in Thes.). ni dlegar c.¤ dom cheniul `it is not right that one of my family be sacrificed as a victim' (said by each one of the Connacht host when asked to fight Cú Chulainn), LU 6684 = TBC-LL¹ 2855 . nimmó na dán cimbeda ro thoegat (said by Medb of the Ulstermen), TBC-LL¹ 5120 . ? Cf. a Morainn . . . a mochta co trebar co caomar cimedha .i. cethra, O'Curry 2897 ( Eg. 88, 91b ) = cotrebar, cocaemar cimedha .i. cethra `let the captives . . . be secured(?), be doubled(?)', O'Dav. 1535 .