circul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. circul or dil.ie/9197

Forms: cercal(l)

n (Lat. circulus). Also cercal(l), -uil(l), -ail(l) etc. In old exx. usually o, m., but gender and inflection vary. Circle, orbit, zone : circal .i. a circulo .i. roth, Corm. Y 263 . fubíth doṅgníat cercol ocondocbáil gl. apsidas (Gr.), BCr. 18d2 . atcess in circall imon ṅgrein (at birth of Christ), LB 132b41 . .vii. circalla conuicci ind Trinoid ┐ aighi (= uidhe) mile bliadhna tigi cacha circailla dib, Irish Texts i 24.x-y . circull tentide . . . imón tír sin, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). Loch Lein; ceathra chircilla uime .i. chircall sdain, ┐ chircall luaighi, ┐ chircall iarind, ┐ chircall uma, Todd Nenn. 220.n. doniat circlu dib (of serpents winding about person's body), Aen. 492 . re hais gcearcaill na cruinne (: seantruim) (ccearcholl : seantrom v.l.), Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . spéar gréine na (= 'na) cearcuill (: chruinn), Content. v 40 . tricha circull airccit bhain (of the thirty pieces of silver), BNnÉ 101.21 . cearcall clár ndearg, DDána 119.18 .

In phr. c.¤ bodba attacking circle (of foes): focheird in circul ṁ-bodba sin morthimchell chethri n-ollchoiced ṅ-hE., TBC-LL¹ 2645 = in circul modba, LU 6504 . daronad circull bodba impo d'ogbaid na hAffraici, CCath. 3147 . Of defensive armour: ic ecur a airthossaig di chressaib ┐ de chirclaib cruaidíairn (of ship), LL 30953 ( TTr. 135 ). circaill cithneimneach cláriarnaighi uime (of warrior), CF² 933 . Of ornaments etc. : maelch.¤ oír co clucinib fo bragit cech eich díb, TFerbe 14 . inar . . . co circlaib óir ┐ arcait, Manners and Customs iii 161 n. amail circáill ḟeta (of the Id Morainn), IT iii 190 § 15 . robói cercuil imma medhon amail cnis (? leg. cris) fhir chollnaigh, Cóir Anm. 140 . mo ḟail-si 'na circaill teintidhe imo braghait, RC xxvi 364.7 .

Hoop of barrel, vat etc. : sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.14 ). do dénam circall de to make hoops of it (of bones of a whale), Laws i 134.31 Comm. in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 = ro disgaoil a clair ┐ a ciorcla, St. ro mheabhattar a cciorcaill dona lestraibh, Ériu xiii 24.28 .

Note also: amhail do-ní an togharmach san chiorcaill aníu `in the circus', Keat. ii 5453 . an chiorcuil lochtach vicious circle (logical fault), Luc. Fid. 4445 . a chearcall teintidhe tréan (a chief), Magauran 431 .

In n. loc.: Cnoc in chircaill, Acall. 6447 .