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1 ail n i and k, f. (See Thurn. Gramm. § 320 and ZCP xvi p.
183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . (a) boulder,
rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a. ¤ . . . isi ede ind a. ¤ rúnde, Wb.
11a19 . asind a. ¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc
60doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a. ¤ tuargabad asin
tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich,
1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a. ¤
(.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a. ¤ lasin
nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii
65434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea,
LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a. ¤ doteilcc Artūir air,
ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha. ¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an
oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at
the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a
70choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a. ¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a. ¤
áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With
defining gen.: a. ¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a. ¤ chloche ar a
cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 .
darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a. ¤ adartha see 1 adrad.
75 Fig. a a. ¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min.
43.12 . uathmar a. ¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a. ¤
bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a. ¤
mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a. ¤ coth-
aighthe gacha comlainn, FM v 1340.17 . a. ¤ ollaman a firmly
80established teacher
, ZCP iv 237.27 . a. ¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24
( Airne F. 272 ). ?Moisi mo cech n-a. ¤ / i toisigecht in popail,
SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a. ¤ , 4513 .
In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum
Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See
85also Hog. Onom.
Compd. ¤ -bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .
(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig.
38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving
cold stones
', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance,
Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma
5in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth
illic firt, O'C. 484 ( H. 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se,
DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.
(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐
airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in
10domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380).
d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a
gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .
(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): is and do-n-icfad na
duba digeanna cen a. ¤ cen fasach `without foundation without
15precedent
', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐
testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig,
Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p.
43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche
astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do
20foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh
droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐
cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a. ¤ , LU 3473
`prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of
illegality
', SC p. 34 . is ae fo a. ¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso,
25 Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a. ¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 ,
226.21 . a. ¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a. ¤ .i. dliged
(B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a. ¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit.
immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a. ¤
anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no
30litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar
cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign
or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify
against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony
)
ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche
35andscuithe, O'C. 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-
osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]-
thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge
anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth
riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid
40gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (=
líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all
Cf. 1 ailech.

2 ail n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .
Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .
45(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a. ¤ .i. imdergad,
O'Dav. 64 . a. ¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a. ¤ .i.
athais. a. ¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad
Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl
who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a. ¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall.
50 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a. ¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile
opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co
mbad a. ¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC 1586 . bec lat-su
a. ¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, Aisl. MC 35.9 . `gail chon
ar othrach' a a. ¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a. ¤
55┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do
gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na
toibheim a. ¤ no athais, FM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil
sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a. ¤ , DDána 87.9 .
gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna
60Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit
springing not from base abuse
', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i.
aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body'
Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a. ¤ , Ériu
iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a. ¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a. ¤ bréithre
65 verbal insult: acht a. ¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna
turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech
ind a. ¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ).
a. ¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc
M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a
70n-ail ailib cainib . . . a. ¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In
physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a. ¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of
name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .
(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ):
cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a. ¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6
75(= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a. ¤ . . . .i. a. ¤ leasanma lenas do
neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . .
a. ¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a. ¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas,
234.7 Comm. a. ¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . .
téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a. ¤
80┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC 3020 .
(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor
marb, mór atbai, mór a. ¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8
(Baile in Scáil). mór a. ¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath
A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a. ¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43
85(id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a. ¤ (cheville), Met. Dinds. iii
164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do
dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha
gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd.
D. 74.2 .
Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.