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2 ail n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .
Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .
45(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a. ¤ .i. imdergad,
O'Dav. 64 . a. ¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a. ¤ .i.
athais. a. ¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad
Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl
who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a. ¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall.
50 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a. ¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile
opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co
mbad a. ¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC 1586 . bec lat-su
a. ¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, Aisl. MC 35.9 . `gail chon
ar othrach' a a. ¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a. ¤
55┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do
gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na
toibheim a. ¤ no athais, FM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil
sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a. ¤ , DDána 87.9 .
gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna
60Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit
springing not from base abuse
', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i.
aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body'
Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a. ¤ , Ériu
iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a. ¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a. ¤ bréithre
65 verbal insult: acht a. ¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna
turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech
ind a. ¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ).
a. ¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc
M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a
70n-ail ailib cainib . . . a. ¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In
physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a. ¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of
name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .
(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ):
cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a. ¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6
75(= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a. ¤ . . . .i. a. ¤ leasanma lenas do
neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . .
a. ¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a. ¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas,
234.7 Comm. a. ¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . .
téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a. ¤
80┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC 3020 .
(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor
marb, mór atbai, mór a. ¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8
(Baile in Scáil). mór a. ¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath
A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a. ¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43
85(id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a. ¤ (cheville), Met. Dinds. iii
164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do
dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha
gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd.
D. 74.2 .
Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

5 3 ail n something pointed, weapon(?) (perh. same word as 1 a.
Less likely to be an inference from rinnal, biail below.
See Vendr. Lex.): Rinnal .i. rendail .i. a. ¤ reanna, ar is leis
rotinnscanadh rinn for arm ar tús, Cóir Anm. 268 . biail .i.
bith-ail .i. bifōebar, Corm. Y 126 . bith .i. sir, a. ¤ .i. faebhur,
10 ib. note 8 . a. ¤ .i. arm, O'Cl. intí nach tibra a a. ¤ ┐ a urraind
(leg. urlaind) air siut nóco torchair lib hé, Acall. 6040 .
Cheville: co nidnaib a. ¤ , SR 2827 .

4 ail adjexpld. by native glossators as gentle, shy, modest: a. ¤ .i.
mín, Met. Gl. 27 § 37 . meic Cainain, meic Enos a. ¤ (: Adaim),
15 SR 4947 . da Ailill a. ¤ (: Conamail), Met. Dinds. iv 284.27
(reading doubtful). Fintan, Mac tail trenóg / Dinterach a. ¤
(.i. nairec[h]) Aedhan, Gorm. Oct. 9 . a. ¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl.
Compd. ¤ -menmnach: a. in fear sin modest-minded(?), BDD²
676 , 690 .

20 ? 5 ail: n a. ¤ .i. aimser furail seach in cumair . . . di[sh]ail .i. ni
aimsir fota, Auraic. 1574 , 4804 (see dinin dísail). a inde dano
.i. a. ¤ fuit (etym. of alt), 3680 .

áil nalso áill (see Thurn. Gramm. § 120 ) and ál. ál (: slán),
IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . (: ár), DDána 3.39 . act of asking; request,
25 wish: á. ¤ [.i.] íarraid, Met. Gl. 10 § 8 . O'Cl. dochúas o Dauid co
a thech . . . dia glan á. ¤ im feis n-aidche, SR 6304 . fo déig ni
ragadsi acht sí cona bantrocht día ailseom because she would
go only with her women to make the request of him
, LU 6149
(TBC). do ail ┐ do etarguide na ndemna ifernaide, CCath.
30 4166 . gabhaitt na Goill ag á. ¤ ┐ acc atach Neill, FM vi
2208.18 . foirenn . . . do ail cu roghabad inad reampaibh,
Lism. L. 2035 . ail .i. abair no dliged nó guide, O'Dav. 9 .
cona tárda oircci i n-á. ¤ nō a n-ascaid i tír nĒrenn by request or
gratis
, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.2 ). is denta ail d'egin a
35pleasure should be made of necessity
, CCath. 2703 . ic cuinchid
ail nō aisc soliciting requests or gifts, Aisl. MC 49.8 . ar a
beith i nail tsuthain in perpetual supplication, SG 47.x .
The follg. d p. forms are perh. to be referred to this word:
ro da hir . . . ailibh ilibh, Gael. 50 (`requests', Bláthm. 416 ).
40 airunsur álaib, LU 10042 = airiunnsu rálaib `than (all)
desires
', ZCP xvii 204 § 5 . cruth rochāin co ndrochálaib
(droch + cálaib?), vi 267 § 4 . dit álaib fochen, LU 10430 .
L. grían álaib `delightful sun', Fél. Sept. 3 .i. alaind no
uasnelaib, etc., Fél.² cxl . cf. O'Dav. 181 .
45Used impersonally with copula it is desirable, meet, proper:
ní á. ¤ tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ní ail a tuirem dúib it is
not proper to recount them to you
, 24c7 . ar ni aill seirge oc
cúrsagad harshness is not proper in reproving, 30b29 . 11b21 . ní
ail aicsu forsani nothechti `it is not proper to wish for what
50thou hast
', Sg. 149a8 . más amhlaidh as á. ¤ a dteacht if their
coming is desired
, Ériu v 52.5 . is á. ¤ a fhis uaib, PH 1067 .
cid ail cencop á. ¤ , LL 19018 ( KMMisc. 270 § 48 ). acht nach
á. ¤ cur lámha lat no one thinks it worth while to help thee, Dán
Dé xix 25 . sgur dot aighneas munab á. ¤ `unless you will
55desist from your arguments
', Content. ix 12 .
In phrase is á. ¤ DO wishes, desires: ní á. ¤ dún ar condelc
friú `we do not wish to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 .
mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired', 13b3 .
ni á. ¤ dún buith fo máam legis, 19b20 . ní á. ¤ dún tabart testassa
60dínn, 24c16 . intan bes ná do when it pleases Him, Ml. 94c17 .
bés níp aill do dainib / in dubartsa uile, Fél. Ep. 417 . nochorb
á. ¤ dó creitem dó he did not wish to submit to him, Trip.² 397 .
ní bréc as á. ¤ dún immut, LU 8813 ( FB 61 ). mad tairgit in
fine ferann dó ┐ ní há. ¤ dósum a gabail, Laws iv 134.20 Comm.
65 cipé da mbad á. ¤ a acallam in ríg, MU² 560 . isatt ailsiu damsa
┐ bidat ail hi céin bat béo I desire thee and shall desire thee
as long as I live
, LU 3919 ( SC § 43 ). cidh is á. ¤ don oglaech-sa
na táinic ríam? what is the matter with the youth that he has not
come?
ZCP v 523.30 . is pleasing to: bádat ail cach clúain,
70 LU 9863 `every meadow will be pleasing to thee', PRIA xix
535 . is á. ¤ LA: cen imfolang in degnimo són as ail lim `without
accomplishing the good work that I desire
', Ml. 23c25 . atú mar
as á. ¤ lem fhoghlaidh, Dán Dé xii 7 . neach lérbh á. ¤ a thagháil
`one who wanted it', xxi 6 . a gcan mé . . . madh á. ¤ liom if I
75really wish it
, x 13 . cid ass á. ¤ latt dol? CRR § 23 . nir bo
áill lea or nir bo baeth, Ériu v 209.21 . nir bho hail lais a
athair . . . do thaobhadh, BNnÉ 52 § 44 . ?Cf. gach ní is
ailt o Dia, Laud 610, 8d (Plummer MS notes). See also áilt.

aíl xsee óil.

80 ailad n m. and f. Also aulad, ilad, elad, ulad. (aul, see Thurn.
Gramm. p. 52 ). a s. ilaidh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.17 ). elaith,
Aisl. MC 121.36 . ulaidh, Uí Maine (Facs.) 211raz . g s. in
ulaid , Laws v 488.26 Comm. na hullta , 29 Comm. d s.
ailaidh, AU i 534 . elaid, LL 19325 . ulaid, BColm. 98.4 .
85 aulaid, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . iolaidh, FM ii 1014.5 . n p.
ilaidh, Anecd. ii 23.1 . a p. uladha, ZCP x 228.z . g p. uladh,
Acall. 1499 . d p. ulltaib, SG 252.30 . ula, ila, eala (ón ulaidh,
ola l. ón chéill sin) f. ( d s. ulaidh. g s. uladh. n p. ultha), IGT
Decl. § 4 .
(a) tomb, sepulchre, burial-cairn: ilad in dechenboir `the
5tomb of the ten persons
', Thes. ii 288.32 . m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU
9886 . co ro adhnacht i n-Ard Macha i n-ailaidh nuí, AU i
534.12 . sra (leg. fri, ed.) aulad Culduib chanmae, RC xxv
346.3 . im nemthairecc fertad do flatha .i. im nemtiachtain do
denam ulaid cumdacht imin flaith, Laws i 186.16 Comm.
10 fogebthar a ulad Fothaid A. fris anair bic. . . ┐ atá coirthe
oca ulaid, LU 10990 . ni fuille rath for ullaid, Laws v 448.23 .
focerd ilaidh ind im cenn Cuir[r]igh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.
17 ). in macc fora téit in grad immusaiccichet días for aelaid
(? fora elaid), Trip.² 1842 . ro h-adnaiceadh is in ulaidh
15mhóir fó chosaibh Ui Suanaigh, Hy Fiachr. 44.y . ro hadh-
naiced co honorach i niolaidh na nepscop, FM ii 1034.4 . go
háit 'na bhfuair ulaidh lán do chnámhaibh marbh, TSh.
7707 . ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT Decl. ex. 232 . ulad .i.
uilli nō in t-adnacal aile, Corm. Y 1285 . fert .i. ulad cumd-
20achta, O'Dav. 961 . elath f. `a calvary or charnel-house, a
carn, a heap or pile of bones in a church-yard
', P. O'C. Of
oaths taken at an a. ¤ (cf. reilic): nonbar co ulaid . . . co toing
fo soscela aice, O'C. 1972 (H. 4.22, p. 16). dligid doith
dithach .i. for ulaid . . . luigi na heisinnraice . . . og ulaid, 2580
25( Eg. 88 fo. 49 (50)a ).
(b) penitential station: a nacaldaim . . . for aulaid oc cros
ind dorus lis, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . táinic P. do tocbáil
cros ┐ uladh ┐ altóiredh, Acall. 1499 . in t-ionad ro togasa /
itát ilaidh is crosa, Anecd. ii 23.1 . ní dechaid D. . . . ó ulaidh
30gan impodh, MR 298.11 . seal amhlaidh agan ulaidh / ar
shalmaibh, ar slechtanaibh (of devotional exercises of
Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . co hIlaidh na ttri ccros
(at Clonmacnoise), FM ii 812.10 .
Compd. ¤ -lán: locan ālaind iladlān `a delightful little spot
35full of tombs
' (of a hermit's retreat), Ériu ii 56 § 13 .