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60 1 abra n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra).
n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid,
LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii
299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-)
g s. an abhra mhoill, Misc. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha,
65 Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib
gl. palpebris, Lor. Gild. 120 .
Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning
in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The mean-
ings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg.
70classification is to some extent arbitrary.
(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor
aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid,
186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha.
a. ¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor
75ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an
dara ha. ¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad
a. ¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra
dubha, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor
mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh
80mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./
gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Im. Brain 3 .
láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's
shore
' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .
(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 .
85 sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar,
ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 .
Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a. ¤ ar n-aighti-ni, Arch.
iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . clad-
mailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is
eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920,
5263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling
of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re
turnamh an abhra O'Hussey TC 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh
m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .
In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene
10na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SC 17 ).
In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤ -chaín having fair
eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abrat-
chaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤ -donn: an tóg abhradonn (: agam),
TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤ -dub:
15 mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill),
DDána 119.2 . ¤ -gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 .
da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC 4346 . ¤ -mall: crann
céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤ -rúad: C. abratruad
of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc
20rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur ,
Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .
See abratchor.

2 abra: ind a. ¤ .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 glossing con-cleith egna in
abhraib iomhuis, Ériu xiii 40.1 . amhra .i. dorcha, O'Cl. Cf.
25 abar-.

3 Abra xsee Ebrae.

-abrach adj(1 abra): an súil . . . mongabhraigh, TD 8.24 . See also
compds. of donn and gorm.

Abracham pn(variously spelt) Abra(ha)m: Abracham (a s.), Wb.
30 19b12 . do Abarcham , 19b22 . do Abracham , 19c5 , 33d10 .
ho síl Abrache gl. qui semen sunt Abrachae, Wb. 4c6 . cland
Abrache , 19c20 . Abrám n. acc. dat.; gen. Abrám, Abráim,
Abaráim, SR (see Ériu xvi 103 ). o dilind co Abraham,
MacCarthy 278 § b . ō dīlinn co Abarām, ZCP iii 18.12 . fer
35firen amhail Apram, Anecd. iii 5 § 8 . go gein Abrathaim,
MacCarthy 288 § c . gein Abratham, ib.

abrachtach xsee anbrachtach.

Abraiamini pn Brahmins , Marco P. 179 .

Abraide xsee Ebraide

40 abras n o, m. abhras `cóir' (obhras `lochtach') m., IGT Decl. § 11 .
(a) gesture, action: int a. ¤ dungní in corp do dia gl. confessio,
Ml. 138a4 . huand abrussa .i. clointa cinn són gl. hoc gestu,
127c22 . a. ¤ ┐ abairt dogní int ócláech, TBFr. 49 . abhras ┐
abhairt inann iad séic .i. cleasa ainisa, O'C. 1310 (H 3.18, 604).
45 ba hé a. ¤ ind fir teinm cnó, RC xxv 346 § 3 . ? ro raidhsiom
huaghnabras, Gael. 50, 131 ( Bláthm. 474 ).
(b) handiwork, yarn-spinning: a. ¤ . . . mad fige . . . mad a. ¤
(adbrus, aprus, v.l.) etir dí láim, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . ná derntar
isin domnach . . . fuine ná maistred ná abrus `yarn-weaving',
50 202 § 17 . táithe abrais (obrais, abhraisi, v.ll.) (of women),
Tec. Corm. § 16.36 . Hence yarn, thread, material: a. ¤ .i.
lamt[h]orad inailte, Corm. Y 90 . Cf. abrass ebraice .i. abra-ḟes
(abarḟes, MS). Abra .i. inailt . . . arindī foglennat feis lāmtor-
uid, O'Mulc. 5.6 . itir abrus ┐ etach, Laws ii 372. z Comm. im
55cloidem corthaire im abrus, i 150.7 . ro ḟig in n-a. ¤ cen ḟell,
LL 16470 ( RC xlvii 290.1 .) tar cend abrais, ZCP x 51.25 .
a n-eiri ón echtrasin Fhailghech / ar echlachuibh d'adhbras
`horseboys laden with yarn', Studies 1920, 417.43 .
Cf. abairse.

60 abratchor n o, [m.] (abra + cor) eyelash: find huile itir folt
┐ abrotchor ┐ ulchai, TBC² 3294 = abratchur, LL 11953
( TBC 5349 ). imdenam súla saire / abratchair duba daile,
LU 3821 ( SC § 37 ). With metathesis: abrochtur ┐ malu,
Auraic. 1813 (abrachtur, 3257 ; abratchor, 4999 ).

65 ? abru: n Bith is Ladra luaidhím / Fíndlan fria h-abhru ireand
BB 28a52 . (fria adbru, amru, hamra, haibri, v.ll., ITS xxxix
166 § 3 ).

? abrut: ind a. ¤ ídlaidi ídaldathach, LL 238a1 ( TTr. 1557 ).

absal xsee apstal.

70 absolóid n f. (based on Lat. absolutio) absolution: absolóid, a
Athair . . ./ . . ./ chuinghim ort, DDána 25a.16 . eocha[i]r
ughdarāis na habsolóide, Párl. na mB. 2764 . faoisidin ┐ a. ¤ ,
Mac Aingil 189 . do ghab a. ¤ , SG 15.17 . apsulōit na heguilsi,
Fl. Earls 232.30 . absoluid, RC xii 324 § 8 . Luc. Fid. 310.20 .
75 esbaloid, g s. esbuloidi, ITS xix 28.18, 25 .

Absolón pn Absalom: Abisolón, SR (g s. id., see Ériu xvi 103 ).
fri Abisolōn , ZCP iii 21 § 10 . Aibisilōn, xiii 177.1 . Abisolōn,
11 . d'fholt Absolóin , Dánta Gr. 13.4 .

abstalda xsee apstalda.

80 abstanait n f. (Lat. abstinentia). Later also abstinéit, and, with
fresh borrowing from Engl. or Rom., abstainens, -nent, aib-,
etc.
Abstinence: lobrigthir abstanit, Wb. 6c15, 6b17 . abstainit
.i. tros[c]ad, Trip.² 246 . figill ┐ abstanit, Mon. Tall. 133.26
85(§ 18) . abstinit fri feoil `abstinence from flesh' apstinait
praindi `abstinence from meals', 145.29. (§ 50 ), 146.4 (ib.).
diúltuid an absttanuid ┐ an trosghadh, Desid. 4270 . denam
abstanaid ┐ aine, RC xxvi 136 § 9 . slighidh . . . na habsttan
aide, Desid. 4822 . iar forba a áine ┐ a abstainte, PH 4780 .
cen saethar áine ┐ abstanaite, 5548 . apstanaint, BNnÉ 19
5§ 42 . absttinéid, Desid. 3046 . do thaobh . . . ra haibsdinēidi,
Mac Aingil 4122 . ro chinnsium an apstainent noirdeirc,
Mart. Don. 164.2 . ba mor a abstainens, 50.14 . aipsdinens
bidh ┐ dighi, Rosa Ang. 28.18 . tresan aibstinens, BCC 52.22
(= abstinuis, ZCP iv 278 ). on aibsdinians romór, 230.22 .