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airbert n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see Thurn.
Gramm. p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt,
-ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 .
70 Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .
(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop
dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter
chrābud ┐ léigend (i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a. ¤
bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 .
75In phrase a. ¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a. ¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi
tuaimim a scēith, TBC² 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt
gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a. ¤ a gaiscid,
BDD² 1090 .
(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit:
80 intan is mac bec dogní in a. ¤ ucut who performs that feat of
arms
, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na. ¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili
maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking,
Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall.
3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan
85eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 .
minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach,
O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart
. . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alax-
andar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . .
cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imar-
5baidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'im-
radh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a. ¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial
san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais,
Keat. ii 1829 . a. ¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.
(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé
10oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do
rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 .
ni ar a n-a. ¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will,
O'C. 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF
57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things
15(of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin
I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of
making preparation: dēna fēin t'a. ¤ colēic (of one being ban-
ished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a. ¤ catha war equipment (cf.
airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria
20hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2
101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .
(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a. ¤ faesma in spite of
protection being pleaded
, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a. ¤
la aneolus, O'C. 418 ( H. 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc
25airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde
cin roisli, O'C. 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta,
O'C. 813 ( H. 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a. ¤ aoi iarna hastad,
O'D. 560 ( H. 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha. ¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais,
Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii
3027.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do
airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader),
Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of plead-
ing(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a
gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach
35raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).
(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a. ¤
conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . .
a a. ¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [bud-
ein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i.
40 scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a. ¤ , Auraic.
571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no
fid ae a a. ¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imch-
omarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn
bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl.
45 cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a. ¤ .i.
aircetal, ut est a. ¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille,
O'Dav. 49 .
(f) In phrase a. ¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of bith world, see Thurn.
Gramm. p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a. ¤ biuth comlabrae gl.
50 bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth
gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel
functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a. ¤ biuth di
thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a. ¤ biuth inna
túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part
55to be eaten by them
', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist,
11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth,
61c9 . ar a. ¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na. ¤ do roinne
da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'C. 1750
( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 .
60Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt
bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an
ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, FM vi 2252.3 .
tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in con-
sequence of the warders' needing food
, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh
65. . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag
goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26
(fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a. ¤ `whether his repast
be
. . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .
Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dor-
70ímther leo dún ar n-a. ¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex.
925 . fogníatt dia na. ¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y
(fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a. ¤ bith
cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha,
O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'C. 91 ( H. 3.18,
75 66 ).

airbertach adj o, ā (airbert) (a) practised, skilled, ingenious,
accomplished: is a. ¤ isind fiss nua (glossing airbertad naiss),
RC xxvi 52 n.4 . clanda airbertacha Iacob, BB 238b10 . don
droing náir oirbheartaigh fhéil, DDána 117.11 . Of warriors
80 expert, dexterous: fer ansergach . . . airctech, airbhertach (of
Caesar), CCath. 350 . sluag a. ¤ , MR 214.21 . na honchoin
oirbertacha, SG 271.10 . lámh oirbheartach lé mbí ar mbágh,
A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . ionnsoighidh aindiúid a. ¤ , Hugh Roe
298.1 (fo. 78a) . In bad sense: an demhon oirbhertach wily,
85 BNnÉ 67 § 106 . As adv. ar caithim a aisi gu . . . aithesach
oirbertach `profitably', AU iii 340.9 . As subst. oirbhertach an
eccna uill (of St. Maedóc), BNnÉ 253 § 209 . As n.pr. a. ¤ . .
scailes sūithi, ZCP iii 23.11 .
(b) In sense derived from airbert biuth: a scela cain-
airbertacha ar bith stories of their good mode of life, BB 497b33
5(IT ii2 105.14). iasc a. ¤ a mbith doib, 496a 31 (ib. 101.20 ).
cat[h]lac[h] .i. catholicus gréc .i. uniuersalis a laitin .i. aen-a. ¤ ,
H 3.18, p. 633 .
See also under airbertnugud, airnbertach.