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airchenn adj o, ā (cenn) (a) certain, fixed, definite: olais airchenn
teicht do écaib `since going to death is certain', Thes. ii 296.9 .
hūasal trínóit donfosca / do nāch airchenn bás baile, 351.1
75(Hy. vi). an no bíth aircind (.i. fircinnte) doib, Arch. iii 12 §
18 . inti omba irchend ar n-áilgius (of Colum Cille), LU 593 . is
todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . ar in mbās is
airchionn do gach aon, Fl. Earls 156.4 . aircheann .i. fir-
chinnte, O'Cl. In phrase is a. ¤ (folld. by dependent clause):
80 is airchen á buid `it is certain that it is', Wb. 11d3 . ar is
airchenn ṁbes salt `it is certain that there should be a leap',
Thes. ii 10.3 (BCr.). ar ni ha. ¤ combat commeti ule cuirp na
esergi, LU 2546 . cid airchind beth inti connaigi-siu i com-
ḟocus, TBC 1735 . is airchind ni ruc buáid na bissech doib,
85 4407 . acht cid airchind ra-bétis eich bad luaithiu ná eich
Conaill and, CRR 42 § 36 . ( LL 176a26 ). noco n-a. ¤ bar
mbeith uili d'áeneolus tre bithu, Mer. Uil. 132 . dia ind laithi
airchinn the end of the fixed period, Laws v 370.13 Comm. i
forus aidche naircinne, ii 124.18 Comm. iar na clos do Bioth
. . . gorbo haircend co ttargadh dile for an ccruinde, Leb.
5Gab. 8 § 9 . bíathad airchenn fixed refection i.e. the annual
food-rent (bés tige) due from every base client to his lord in
return for his fief, see Críth Gabl. p. 75 : a chóic céli gíallnai
dligid bíathad n-airchenn do cach áe, 332 . sét cach céili dia
ndlig bíathad n-airchenn (-cinnai, -cenncai v.ll. ), 380 . ?Adv.
10 techt co hairchend for cind Phoir directly, straight ahead ,
Alex. 609 . = techta ar ecin, IT ii2 99 .
As subst. certainty, destiny: a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn
`the end which awaits us', Ériu i 68.12 (airchinn?). as airchend
ar-da-tá mani dernat aithrige, Rawl. B. 512, 44b1 . limit,
15 end: on fri haírchenn a fixed-term loan, Laws v 368.9 . résiu
tí aircheand na nomaighi, O'C. 1879 ( RIA 23 P 3 , 21(23)a ).
?aircenn muid (aircheimniugud, aircennmuig v.l.) di lebuir
no do legund `a fixed measure of labour or reading', Ériu vii
138.25 = mad (mod v.l.) airchiund dia laubuir ┐ ernaigti,
20 172.18 .
(b) prominent, leading: ?drong nairitcda naircend, O'D.
2191 (Nero A vii, 133b). Superl.: honaib toisechaib .i. hua
neuch as aircendam ┐ as erríndem cecha soinmige gl. prior-
ibus `from what is first and highest of every prosperity', Ml.
25 56b22 .
As subst. leader, chief: ardon-bath ba ar n-a. ¤ adlicen .i.
atbath oronn inti o mba a. ¤ ar n-ailgius dligthech . . . nó inti
bá a. ¤ fri airchisecht ar n-adlice atbath, ACC § 14 ( RC xx
162 ). Also airdchenn (perh. ard + c.): M. . . . airchend iar-
30thair Eorpa, Mart. Don. 294.17 = airdcenn, FM ii 1084.2 .
comad é . . . budh toisech ┐ bud airdceand don lucht ele dib,
Grail 1659 . cumal gacha graid . . . iar n-enngus ┐ oirceand .i.
ar a beth a nglaine co fircinte, Laws v 24.1 Comm.
Cf. airchinn.

35 airchenta adj= airchenda: ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta
airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.23 . is demin tainic
mo lá / is gnim nairchenta iarmothá, CF 75.8 .

1 airches n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Met. Dinds. iv 122.25 .
airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC
40 i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 .
airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p.
arrchesaib, H. 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see
Duan. Finn Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann
ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .
45(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn
c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.),
Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐
airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib,
┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H. 3.18,
50 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig
ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a. ¤ AR to entrap,
ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 .
doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C.
went to ambush L.
, Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do
55airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx
52.24 .
(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána
11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis
arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis
60sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 .
do-beir a. ¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . .
innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y .
arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', FM iii
332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag,
65 Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda
fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad
ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Misc.
Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a. ¤ X goes
to meet x; pursues x:
do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri,
70 Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an
puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and
go to meet them
, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi
60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long
do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv
7510.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an
tslua[i]gh, FM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go
ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', FM iii 452.21 . tángatar
tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in
vehement pursuit
' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .
80(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep.
differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when
separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh
air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir
d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air'
85refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 .
fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach
acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to
m. coma), ex. 234 .