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1 airches n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Met. Dinds. iv 122.25 .
airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC
40 i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 .
airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p.
arrchesaib, H. 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see
Duan. Finn Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann
ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .
45(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn
c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.),
Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐
airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib,
┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H. 3.18,
50 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig
ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a. ¤ AR to entrap,
ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 .
doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C.
went to ambush L.
, Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do
55airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx
52.24 .
(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána
11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis
arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis
60sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 .
do-beir a. ¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . .
innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y .
arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', FM iii
332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag,
65 Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda
fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad
ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Misc.
Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a. ¤ X goes
to meet x; pursues x:
do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri,
70 Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an
puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and
go to meet them
, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi
60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long
do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv
7510.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an
tslua[i]gh, FM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go
ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', FM iii 452.21 . tángatar
tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in
vehement pursuit
' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .
80(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep.
differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when
separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh
air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir
d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air'
85refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 .
fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach
acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to
m. coma), ex. 234 .

2 airches xsee oirches.

airchesda x= oirches(?): dorigned échta oirchesda dá n-árd-
5brugadaib `condign slaughter', Caithr. Thoirdh. 57.4 .

airchetal o, n. Freq. also aircetal. Later m. Vn. of ar-cain.
metrical composition, poem; poetry: bailir .i. urcetal, Goid.
78 § 202 (Dúil Laithne). iomchomurcar dath ┐ tothacht . . .
in gach airchedol, Ériu xiii 14.z . dlegar do cach filid nemdiu-
10bairtce aircedail, Laws v 458.24 . ro facaib [Patraic] acu . . .
genelaige fer nErenn, aisti cach aircedail ┐ duili sluinnti,
Laws i 44.19 Comm. asi sin in bo dochuindgeas ar is bith-
blicht in t-aircetal, Anecd. i 50.13 . a. ¤ doroindi seom do D. . . .
airg . . . co n-[a]irchedal do rig Erenn, Anecd. i 8.8 ( SCano
15 234 ). fri snádud neich dothíssad co n-airchetul, LU 5081
(TBC). is dorcha a fidrad inn airchedail the interpretation of
the poetry is obscure
, Ériu v 32.7 . raind espai ┐ airchetail
`idle staves and songs', RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). buár
suád .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, xxvi 22 § 66
20and n. ( LL 187a33 ). et doriṅgni in gló[ṡ]náthi airchetail seo
iarsin, TFerbe 99 . d'immbud ēcnai ┐ eōlais ┐ aircetail,
Aisl. MC 21.17 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé ┐ día a. ¤
amail Pól apstal, BColm. 104.26 . saoi . . . hi senchus ┐ hi
filidheacht ┐ i n-airchetal, FM ii 870.9 . is don chanaid sin
25atá in t-arcetal sa, Fen. 194.5 . In sense of tairchetal: ro
aisneidh doib uili aircetla in catha catharda, CCath. 1062 .
Perh. name of a class of metres (descr. as having trisyllabic
line-endings): do aistib ind aircetail i coitchinn indso, IT
iii 67 . trethsillabach in t-a. ¤ , 105 § 208 . See p. 127. toimsiter
30aisti inn aircetail fri haltaib na ndaeni, Auraic. 1509 . Name of
a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐
aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). aircetal aíre
dano ataait .x. fodla fair-side, 25 (ib.). do labhair an Tigh-
earna ar tus i ngach uile aircheatal trid na faidhibh teaching,
35 ITS xxix 166.11 .
As n. pr. maic Ollaman Airchetail, Anecd. ii 47.18 .

1 airchetlaid n i (airchetal) singer, reciter, poet: Ua ind ecis . . .
aircetlaid maith e, Fél. 70.2 . a aircheatlaidh cacha rainde,
O'C. 1997 (H. 4.22, p. 28).

40 2 airchetlaid v(airchetal): aircetla na duili sloinnti `thou
shouldst recite
', O'Dav. 601 .

airchían adj(cían) very long, distant: indar leó nibo érchían bátar
isin taig, LU 11048 . forriadam reím n-erchían, LL 14189 .
marbhua adhnacal aircian, Gael. 50 , 126 (`from ancient
45burial
', Bláthm. 250 ).

? airchíg: ind rommilledh a. ¤ co saigit, BB 488b33 (of Philip at the
siege of Methone). Leg. ar chíg? ictu sagittae oculum perdidit,
Oros. iii 12.9 .

airchill xsee airichill.

50 airchillech adj(airichill): dob airchilleach (airgtheach v.l.) air ól
fhial i.e. he was lavish in providing drink. Ir. Texts iv 58.7 .

airchillte: is tuilchinnti techt dá léim / bert is uirchillti
eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 , Verbs 543 . Appar. part. of arfoichle,
hence pre-ordained .

55 ? airching: n dolúidh R. . . . a tirib íat[h] Fomórach la haircing
tire do cuairt coicrich, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 432.z ) = la airchinn,
LL 22394 .

airchingid n(cingid) champion: Amlāib a. ¤ (aircendeach v.l.)
ātha airtheraig, Bruchst. i 13 § 22 ( IT iii 15 § 32 ).

60 airchinn n f. (cenn). Later also airchenn. n s. airchinn, Wb.
21c6 . a s. erchind, Ml. 131c12 . g s. airchinn, FM vi 1964.26 .
na aircinde , Laws iv 138.y Comm. d s. airchind, RC xv 78.14 .
aircend, Laws iv 94.10 . ? a du. dí n-airchind , BDD² 816 . See
Vendr. Lex.
65 Narrow side of a rectangle, head, end: congaibther tóib et
airchinn and `side and front are held together in Him' (i.e. the
Corner-stone), Wb. 21c6 . congaib som toib ┐ erchinn issuidiu,
Ml. 131c12 . ni fess . . . taeb nó airchend [isin]d loch sin ar is
comḟota ar cech leth, RC xvi 274.22 . na cethri comaithchiu
70ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb ┐ fri da n-airchind, Laws i
260.11 . ma fer for aill asrenar and a taeb no a naircend,
iv 94.10 . ?ataat fri a dí n-airchind n-airidi (of a couch), BDD²
816 . do forni in epscop . . . croiss isin capor ndescertach aniar
inna airchini, LB 278a52 . rochuirsiot tene gacha slesa ┐
75gacha hairchinn de (of a fortress), FM vi 1964.26 . ro coirig a
n-etedha catha impo .i. D. marcach isin dara haircend dib ┐
an coimlin cetna isin aircenn araill, CCath. 5398 . on aircenn
co araill don cath, 5830 . leaptha sróill da seachna ar oir-
cheann the field of battle is preferred to silken couches (of a
80leader), L. Cl. A. Buidhe 196 § 9 . do folchadh d'oircheann
uaine / teaghdhais Macha Mongruaidhe, Aithd. D. 8.5 . As a
measure of land (see RC xii 160 ): caide an airceand? teora
fairge ┐ urcor flescaig, Laws iv 138.15 .i. comaircím caiti
aithne na aircinde itir, y Comm. teora foirrge in aircenn
85tire in boairech, O'C. 844 ( H. 3.18, 384ay ). ruirid raite dono,
rith tar tri hair[c]eann teora sealba `running over the three
headlands of three holdings
' (definition of the cattle trespass
called `ruiriud raite'), Laws iv 136.21 . ma do cuatur na
hindilli tar aen aircind no tar da aircind, 138.7 Comm.
?cluain oirchinn, DDána 82.9 . aircheann tíre .i. imeal tíre
5no taobh tíre, O'Cl. In vaguer sense in conjunction with
aird: corbo chonair letartha . . . cach n-aird ┐ cach n-air-
cind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). cathbharr . . . cetheora
geam . . . for gach naird ┐ for gach nairchind de, RC xv 78.14 .
rangontar-som . . . do cech aird ┐ do cech airchind, TBC 4263 .
10 gach aird ┐ gach aircheann dona cathaib ceachtarrdha, LL
410b14 . in gach aird ┐ in gach airchend don bhaile, Hugh
Roe² 90.23 (fo. 23b) . Cf. airchenn.