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65 3 aire n k, m. (orig. io, Pokorny, Celtica iii 308 , citing the n.pr.
Lóigaire and d p. airib, AU i 394.10 ). In pl. indistinguishable
from 1 airech, to which some exx. included here could
belong. See Thurn., ZCP xx 353ff. and Vendr. Lex. `In Laws
. . . used to describe every freeman, `commoner' as well as
70noble, who possesses an independent legal status . . . Occas-
ionally, however, aire is used in the more restricted sense of
`noble' (as oppd. to `commoner'), which is its usual meaning
in the literature', Críth Gabl. p. 69 . On the various classes of
a. ¤ see ib. ff. and under ard, , coisring, déis, écht, forgell, ócaire,
75 tús. See also Laws Crit. p. 7 . Bürgschaft p. 53f. Cóic Con.
Fug. pp. 32, 66 . Law of Status and Franchise, Proc. RIA
xxxvi, C 16 pp. 267-70 . On the `eneclanna' of the various
a. ¤ 's see O'C. 1262-5 ( H. 3.18, 510 -2). a. ¤ ainm coitc[h]end
cech grāda flatha i tūaith, Corm. Y 1124 . O'Cl. a. ¤ graidh
80fhlatha . . . a. ¤ graidh feine, Laws iv 68.17 Comm. mad ingen
in airech feibi tes co mac in bo-airech . . . aen trian o ingin in
airech feibi, v 286.4 . ata[t] aroile airic i tuait na dledat acht
letbiatad do aes a coemtechta, BCrólige 28 . cateat grád
túaithe? fer midboth, bóaire, a. ¤ désa, a. ¤ ard, a. ¤ túise, a. ¤
85forgill ┐ rí, Críth Gabl. 11 . coiri . . . thige airech, 338 . secht
seoit airech . . . caire, dabach, easgar, iarn, arathar, echsrian,
no delg, O'C. 1202 ( H. 3.18, 479b ). flaith athuigh .i. ni flaith
a athair na a senathair . . . .i. a. ¤ itir da a. ¤ , Laws ii 200.22
Comm. ben cach airech itir da airig, 380.8 Comm. briuga ┐ a. ¤
desa LL 3734 . saír ┐ a. ¤ échta, 3738 . do airig aird, LL 3731 .
5 In more general sense noble, chief: a. ¤ no sainṡamail gl.
optimas, Sg. 50a27 (cf. airech no thoisecha. ¤ gl. primas, 26 ).
a. ¤ díbergae, LU 7720 = airig díbergi, BDD² 1252 . cateat
airig cecha aissi ┐ cadeat a saegla na n-airech sin, Rawl.
69a17 . na ríga ┐ na flatha ┐ na hairig, Trip.² 438 . airich na
10haesi tanaisi, LU 135 . cethrur airech tanic Partholon .i. sé
féin ┐ Laíglinne . . ., LL 480 . ba hé a n-ord na n-airech, 777 .
fert na n-airech di Grécaib, Met. Dinds. iii 106.51 . roba ha. ¤
(airech, airiuch v.l.) isin crích sin, Mer. Uil. 92 . ic airechaib
na Eórpa, LL 234b18 ( TTr. 1305 ). soicheneol na n-oireach,
15 MR 96.6 . dumha gach ae dia ro baidheadh d'aireachaibh a
muintire, Leb. Gab. 258.21 . adhbhar éccaoíne d'oireachaibh,
FM v 1682.21 . Fig. of trees and shrubs classified as airig feda
(and athaig (aithig) feda), see fid (c). Of major virtues and
vices: cen airich duálche gl. sine querella, Wb. 25c27 . nech
20concheil airig (sic leg.) ndualcha fora cheili, Ériu vii 158 § 21 .
na hocht nairig sūalach . . . fri hīcc . . . na n-ocht n-airech
ndūalchae, ZCP iii 24.31 . ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige, vi
271 § 1 . d'ocht n-airc[h]ib na nduálach, BColm. 12.14 . Of the
prow of a ship: adnaghaid a[c] tarraing oirech a luingi don
25charraic `prow', Aen. 1011 .

4 aire [io, n.] vn. of ar-fen. See Vendr. Lex. act of making a
dam
; dam, fence (on a stream), weir: a. ¤ .i. cora ēisc, ut dixit a. ¤
ēisc [ḟlatha], O'Mulc. 101 . a. ¤ .i. cora éisg, O'Cl. a. ¤ , cora a
fishing-weir
, Eg. Gl. 677 . athgabail tresi . . . hi ta. ¤ , Laws i
30162.22 . im a. ¤ fri sruth, 202.1 .i. ime ar cind in srotha, 204.25
Comm. a. ¤ eisc (sic leg.) flatha, O'D. 1628 (H. 5.15, p. 16a).
a. ¤ .i. ime nó fal, ut est a. ¤ eisci flatha .i. ime do denam ar
cinn eisc na flatha ┐ adeir sé: ni techta ni bes [mó] nó trian
inn uisce do a. ¤ (.i. do ime) `to dam more than a third of the
35water
', O'Dav. 60 . a. ¤ srabha sraibh .i. draighin, Auraic. 1192
= O'Dav. 180 (.i. fal). clíatha draigin is derg-scíach /
gníset moa n-áth dia a. ¤ to fence it, Met. Dinds. iii 316.3 .
Fig. sech is áire do Albain óig / mind n-óir D. Ch. (i.e.
Colm Cille,) iv 98.y .

40 5 aire xsee 1 ara.

? 6 aire: n a. ¤ .i. dinner, O'C. 2067 (H. 4.22, 67).

aíre nby-form of áer satire: fell fora enech no fo-laing air no
aire, Ir. Recht 65 § 5 gl. 1 . aire .i. escaine, ut est beru ord
n-aire .i. brethemnaighimsi ordugud na hesgaine, O'Dav.
45 59 (perh. g s. of áer). gébha dhaoíbh an aoíre / nach sinnfeadh
Daíghre dúanach, Duan. Finn ii 380.23 . co nemthesib ┐
aīre ┐ forseōirecht, Ériu xix 83 § 13 .

airec o, gender uncertain, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 448 . Vn.
of ar-icc. Ped. ii 552 . (a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring:
50 ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta
post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul,
Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being
found in the second declension
', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a. ¤ éta ┐ω
gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante
55inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas
gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum,
Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do
airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a. ¤ .i. faghail, ut est a. ¤ cinn Johannis
( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha. ¤ `it is difficult to
60acquire
' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc
`a pitfall', vii 152.16 .
(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan:
aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o]
airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai
65condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth
airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i
26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB
308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis,
Aisl. MC 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a
70n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha
ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐
gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 .
frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 .
dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc
75do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab. 10.7 . in fuigbi
airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í
airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP
iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair
(of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic
80each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar
rainicc lais celcc do indell, FM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc
pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB
156b55 . ?aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a. ¤ dam a Láigh or
C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i.
85sciath, 200 . ?deil i na. ¤ laime, O'C. 591 ( H. 3.18, 291 ). See
Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 .
In phrase A. ¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag
menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by
O'D.
', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a. ¤ menman
forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman
5na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab. 158 n.8 . contuiled
cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic
a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting
her
', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a. ¤ Menman
Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung',
10 Heldensage 21 .
(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a
toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB
255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a. ¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M.
co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag
15os a cind, IT i 67.3 (Lg.). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh
. . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a. ¤
tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).
(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a. ¤ no do
fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐
20airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the
people
', CCath. 76 .