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70 airgal ā, f. vn. of ar-fich. (a) act of boiling, bursting forth;
upheaval: is damhnai uamhain na cóic ergala sescat ar .ccc.
donaib teinethsliabhaibh do madmaim for talmandaib `the
bursting of the 365 ranges of fiery mountain
', Ériu ii 136 § 122 .
Fig. conroib irgal désercce in spirto indiunn gl. spiritu
75feruentes, Wb. 5d18 .
(b) act of fighting; strife, contest, battle: i n-irgail `in conflict ',
Wb. 3b11 . robatar . . . ic urgail dara chend, LL 225b18 ( TTr.
615 ). mór n-ergal ṅdegrach ṅdian, SR 7081 . catha ┐ urtha
┐ irgala (types of tales), Laws i 46.4 Comm. adchíu dofócrat
80far mná / a ngnúis tarsna ergala, LU 6583 (TBC). robrisius
aurgala for triunu na túath, 9349 . fir i n-irgalaib, 8431 ( FB
§ 29 ). ro fosaighedh an ergal ┐ an t-imairecc ann, CCath.
5803 . d'ionnsoighidh na hiorghoile, DDána 85.4 . ar orgail
(: orduigh), Dán Dé xxiv 1 . Fig. Ailill . . . / aurgail ūais
85amraid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 34 . comla ergaile shield of
battle
(of a warrior), LU 4842 (TBC).
(c) line of battle, battalion: o ergail gl. acie, Ml. 34c12 . in
ergail gl. in acie, 47c2 . ilchéta do cechtar in dá ergal, TTr.²
947 . itir dá hirgail, Alex. 23 . ro coṅgaibthe trá na da urgail
ó theirt co nónai, RC viii 56.11 . co tenid leonas ergala `to the
5fire that wounds battalions
', Ériu i 116 § 5 . arms: ni tidbarid
far mbaullu i n-irgail ar beolu diabuil gl. sed neque exhibetis
membra uestra arma iniquitatis, Wb. 3b11 . irgala firinne diar
ndítin gl. per arma iustitiae, 15d39 . irgala gl. induamur arma
lucis, 6a28 . ergal ān riam, sciath taulgel ina laim, TBC²
10 3365 .

airgalach adj o, ā (airgal) combative, warlike: bud hi an Eamain
irgalach (fingalach v.l.), IT ii2 137.372 . Eris ergalach, TTebe
3565 . na hathaigh . . . irgalacha, St. Ercuil 1866 . ba dail
glecach . . . irgalach, Cog. 158.5 . Érinn n-iorgholaigh (a s.)
15 contentious Ireland, DDána 65.30 . As subst. forna cleḟeraib .i.
forsna airgalachaib, ACC § 94 ( RC xx 272.7 ).
As n.pr. g s. Irgalaig, Met. Dinds. i 20.88 .

airgalaichthib d p. of part. of *airgalaigidir: arnaib ergalaich-
thib gl. propugnaculís, Ml. 78c5 .

20 airgarb adj(garb) very rough: cen ág n-ergarb, SR 2014 .

airgarg adj(garg) very fierce: dord duchunn drecht n-urgarg, BB
372b44 . Cf. airgairce.

airgart n[ā, f. ?] (cf. ar-gair) something prohibited; prohibition, ban,
prevention: is de as a urgart do cach machu Laigde `whence
25the prohibition
', Ériu vi 136.85 . cisne aurgart[a] fechiumnuis?
deoruid, doer, díthir `who are they who are prohibited from
acting as law-agents
'?, Laws ii 84.20 . [d]i urgurtaib athgabala,
v 266.20 .i. conid do na neithib is mo ro urgairustar dliged,
28 Comm. (some of the legal exx. ref. to persons supra perh. belong to airgarthae) cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtaib sa in those
30prohibited persons
(i.e. those not capable of entering into
contracts), ZCP xiv 376 § 39 ( Laws ii 290 ). secht n-urgarta
righ Temruch . . . turccbháil gréine fair ina lighi i mMaigh T.
`these are the seven prohibitions of the king of T. . . . that the
sun should rise
', etc., PRIA liv (C) 8 § 1 . de urgartaib ríg
35Erend and so, 35 § 1. trí hairgarta (airgairt, argair, urgoirt
v.l.) ecalse: caillech fri clocc, etc., Triads 66 . trí urgarta
(haurgartho, hurgairt, hurghairrthe v.l.) bíd: a chaithem cen
altugud, etc., 250 . is é co n-urgairt (con argair v.l.) túaithe ┐
eclaise i.e. banned alike by church and state (of a disagreeable
40person), Tec. Corm. § 28.6 . Oppd. to úais: uais ┐ urgairt . . .
úais . . . .i. rí etc. urgart . . . .i. lethcerd, bard etc., i.e. the
lower classes of poets, Ériu xiii 29.14 . tri húais dóib: dul ar
ríg etc., secht n-aurgarta dóib: dul ar deoraid etc., Triads 235 .
uais no urgairt no egmacht, Laws iv 58.5 .
45Follg. exx. doubtful: ín días ergort (ar gort?) bagartach /
is iad ro ort Indrechtadh, BB 58b46 . nimaes nargart nahamn-
ert nahamluth mo menmæ, IT iii 51 § 95 . fuair argart beara
is badba / mac Seara co sean Banba, Mac Carthy 310 § 5
( BB 13b31 ).

50 airgartach adj o, ā (airgart?): rorer mo thír taispenad aurgartach
atomrachtatar do mo dolora decmaingi, ZCP xii 365.17 .

airgarthae io, iā part. of ar-gair forbidden, prohibited: ærgar-
thae, Ml. 69a21 . ergarthai gl. cohibetos, 121d6 . torud in
crainn aurgairthi, SR 1158 . ubull don craunn aurgairthe,
55 1324 . don chraund ergartha, LL 19 . sóifid . . . .i. i rreib
irgarthaib, 188bz . acht urgartha cor la Feine `covenants which
are forbidden by the F.
,' Laws iv 58.3 .i. acht na cuir urgairthe
sea, 31 Comm.

airgasta adj(gasta) very nimble: dá ech aurderca aurgastai, LU
60 9258 .

airgat n(? 1 gat). In plant-name a. ¤ feda meadow-sweet: uch ab
eo quod est aucha .i. aurgat feda, Corm. Y 1271 . Acc. to
O'Don. Corm. Tr. 165 a. ¤ feda is the herb now called airgead
lúachra: gab bun airgid luachra `take a root of meadow sweet',
65 O'Gr. Cat. 182.4 . airgid luachra = Lat. regina prati, Rosa
Ang. 296.5 .

airgbaide: adj tigi ardda urgbaidi `high uplifted houses', RC xiv
414 § 28 . Cf. airgbál.

airgbál ā, f. vn. formation from *ar-uss-gaib(?) act of lifting,
70 raising: urgbháil .i. togbháil, O'Cl. ergbál, O'Mulc. 413 . Fig.
ar corrucán cumraide / ollurcbāl ar ṅglanbaile (of a person),
Bruchst. i 70 § 163 (`grosser stolz' eig. `grosse Erhebung',
ollurgbail, LL 5145 ). See airgabál.

1 airgdech adj o, ā Also airgthech etc. Some exx. may indicate
75a deriv. of argat, but in others perh. = aircthech. See also
Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 . airgtech (airgdech v.l.) a person rich
in
silver(?), Corm. Y 851 . argenteus .i. airgedach, Ir. Gl. 607 .
ba hān ┐ ba airgteach intí Fothad Canainde, Fianaig. 6.9
(`ingenious'). ? a tir Roís argaid airgtith / forsin crich cairbthig
80cetnaí, BB 44a48 . In nn.pr. Fothad find A. ¤ , LL 7039 .
F. Airgtheach, Fianaig. 4.4 . ulad Fothaid Airgthig . . . ataat
a dí ḟoil argit . . . ┐ a muintorc argit for a chomrair, Im.
Brain 48.12 . Enna Airgthech . . . .i. Enna Airgdidi; isdó
doronta scéith airgdidi a nAirget Ros, Cóir Anm. § 3 .

85 2 airgdech n epithet of a horse: indara hech . . . fótmar in t-ech
aile . . . a. ¤ , LU 6491 ( TBC² 1977 ).