Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484


airis nAlso aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms
indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But
45 n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon.
Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not
occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words
have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s),
Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See Vendr. Lex. oires (ó dhá
50chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .
(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius
unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius
inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen
ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as
55tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i.
mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a. ¤
fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16
Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.
(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i.
60comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP
iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. Con Cul. 39-40 . foceirtt
lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by
tryst
', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa
`to arrange a place of meeting', Im. Brain 42.10 . do rinne
65oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt.
Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 .
i n-a. ¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C.
(i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC
1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires
70aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., FM iv
1928.6 . In phr. a. ¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén
airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a. ¤ dála di[a]
acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri
C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i
75n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold
her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way
, 10317 .
tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a. ¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 .
a. ¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a. ¤
in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a. ¤ an cathai moir,
80 RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri
la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2
(Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris
catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.).
ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a. ¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet
85them in battle
', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i
n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659
Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris
sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh
riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and
debtor welcomed him
, Aisl. Tund. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige
5ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go
roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 140.32 .
Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg
expeditious, ML² 658 .

10 airisa xsee airassa.

1 airise xsee airisem.

2 airise xsee airisiu.

airisech n(airisiu) chronicler, narrator: irisigh / re hinnisin a
mbriogha, BNnÉ 146.3 .

15 airisecht n(airis): eirgedh neach agoibh le rabhadh ┐ le hoiris-
iochd úainne gus ar ccaroid information(?), ZCP x 278.23 .

airísel adj(ísel) very low: is samlaid ra suidiged in tech hísein.
lár ard tuard airisel, LL 3796 (┐ túaradh airiseal, RC xv 280
§ 6 ). ar tulaigh urísil, CCath. 2281 . low in rank, ignoble,
20 mean: na hoibreacha uirísli simplidhe, Desid. 2514 . sdaid
umhal uirísiol, 1278 . an t-anduine uirísiol, Mac Aingil 5493 .
d'uaislibh ┐ d'uirislibh, Hy Maine 140.1 . a láthair dháoine
uirísiol before mean men, Prov. xxii 29 . Superl. combad é a
hór nō a hargat ba huirisle de the meanest part of it (of a
25diadem), Grail 2859 . Adv. co a. ¤ in a low voice, LL 229b32
( TTr. 923 ). As subst.: do na huiríslibh (`unto the lowly'),
Prov. iii 34 . In gramm. the form made by adding -aib to a
word: fer . . . feraib a aurisel, Auraic. 1798 = fer . . . foreraib
a aurisel, Goid. 73.24 (Dúil Laithne). ben, mna i n-ilur a
30aurard ni airecar a airisel .i. benaib, Auraic. 1847 . treḟocul
. . . co raib and . . . a irard a irisel, LL 5015 .

airisem n u, m. Later also o. airiseamh m. (g s. -imh, -mhe),
IGT Decl. § 101 . Vn. of ar-sissedar, Ped. ii 628 . Cf. Thurn.
Gramm. p. 499 . IGT Verbs § 65 . Also airised, airise(?).
35(a) act of resting, remaining, stopping; delay: flesc . . . do
erissem dia lethlaim furi `so that their one hand may rest on
it
', Ml. 45c9 . ni sund rorath duit a. ¤ , Trip.² 2675 . dotiagat do
airsemh offrind `who came to wait for mass', Mon. Tall. 157.1
(§ 71) . ar ná léictis airisium dó that they should not allow him
40to halt
, LU 2949 . is gnāth a. ¤ ōc ḟēne and, TBC² 603 (`heroes
are wont to abide there
', Faraday). nīrbo eṅgnamaid, acht a
airisium inna suidi nammā (of Conchobar mac Nessa after
the wound which led to his death), Death-tales 8.11 . air-
isium i n-a ulc, PH 6439 . roeircetar co hathlam . . . can
45oirisim, TTebe 3888 . ní dhearnaidh oiriseadh ná comhnuidhe,
Maguires of F. 54 . foruim biucan airisse arin telaig `alighted
for a little rest
', RC x 76.16 . ni bia oram fairisiumh / acht
mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-gní a. ¤ makes a
halt, sojurn: as áluinn an tionadh so ina ndernuis oirisiomh,
50 Ériu v 88.14 . donither oirisium cian innti iar scis in fhasaigh,
Marco P. 21 . dognī sē comnaidhe ┐ oirisemh ar in Chraoibh,
Fl. Earls 6.4 . g s. as attrib.: araill do retlanduibh oirismhe na
firmaminti `fixed stars', Marco P. 42 . port airisim, 20 .
(b) act of desisting from, stopping: oirisiumh do sceluibh . . .
55crich na hIndia, Marco P. 188 . oc cluiche . . . cen airisium,
RC x 78.12 . nobidh can airisemh ag adhmoladh a n-imbualta,
CCath. 5971 . In legal contexts: is airisium do in breithemnus
he may postpone his decision, Laws v 252.19 Comm. Glossing
anad stay of distress: is doilgi don ti uil ag in tabac airesem,
60 Laws i 252.16 Comm. gin anad itir .i. gin airisim, O'D. 615
( H. 3.17, c. 459 ).
(c) Fig. abiding by (FOR): cin . . . trebaire re hairisum uirre
i.e. a judge may not give judgement without security that
the parties will abide by it, Laws v 352.5 . ni thicfad don
65domun uli a gabail na airisium fair to receive it and continue
it
(?) (of doctrine), LB 145a33 . a. ¤ oc (im, fri) altoir (ail
adartha), a type of ordeal, IT iii 192 § 24 . fir n-airisme fri
haltoir, Laws v 470.34 .i. in tairismetu im ailig n-adartha,
472.21 Comm. cranncor no airisim iman ailigh nadartha,
70 O'C. 2569 (Eg. 88, fo. (49)a).

airisid xsee ar-sissedar.

airisiu n n, f. (*ar-fíad-, Ped. ii 519 See ar-fét ). Later airis(e) without
nasal inflexion. Also occas. aires (see oires).
(a) act of recording; record, narration, story: lebor airissen
75gl. annali, Sg. 106b15 , cf. 31a6 . inbhur lebhraibh airis[sen] ┐
annálta, CCath. 1654 . a lebraibh airisi (irisi, MS.) na nEbraide
`in Annalibus Ebreorum', RC xxviii 310 § 1 . i seanleabhraibh
irsi ┐ annálach Éireann, Keat. iii 317 . leabhair irse Innse
hAirt, Content. xv 9 . robad a. ¤ co brāth a ndogēnainn, TBC²
80 2874 . bid cath roth a a. ¤ `renowned battle will be his story',
Ériu v 242.182 . illaidib ┐ i n-airisnib, BB 429b15 . i scélaib
┐ i n-airisib, 413b38 . forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib
in cach magin díb, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). ailche ┐ airise
a gnim, BB 414b45 . ar a urriseib `on account of the tales about
85him
', RC xiii 221.7 . fer cuimne ro moire . . . ar aesaib ┐ ar
airísaib na n-daine, AU iii 196.22 . ni fhedar a airess na a aes,
Alex. 779 . bréag an ireis, Content. xi 8 . Úa M. . . . / ag cách
'na oiris orrdhruic a notable tale, IGT Decl. ex. 669 .
Hence (b) event, happening: Fiacha Labhrainne ar robí
cétna a. ¤ a ḟlatha tómaidhm Labhrainne fó thír, Cóir Anm. 80 .
5 mor do gnimradaibh eile ┐ do airisibh ┐ do ardbuaghaibh,
BB 488a20 . ?a hurisna rígi the events of his reign, Fianaig.
30.15 . airisne na bliadna sa, FM ii 582.15 . Legal: toimmur
deruth (leg. de raith, ZCP xviii 396 ) cach techta i n-huidib
┐ airisnib i.e. according to protocol, Bürgschaft 18 § 55 (`in
10richtigen Zeiten und Handlungen
'). ascomrar huile huidib (sic
leg.) ┐ airisnib, § 56.
Various: trí airisena (hærsenna, hairisin v.ll.) boccachta:
sírchéilide, sírdécsain, síriarfaige signs, Triads 102 . cor-
rígaib ┐ rigdamnaib, airisnib ┐ airechaib, LL 237a27 (`nobles',
15 TTr. 1500 ).