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65 airnaidm n, n. vn. of ar-naisc (a) act of binding; bond, guar-
antee: urnaidhm .i. ceangal, O'Cl. na aurnaidm ara-rona, ZCP
xi 94 § 30 . cadeat . . . m'urnadmand ? MU² 113 . in turnaidm
nidnaidhe ┐ in turnaidm ar adhall ┐ in turnaidhm cen
mifolta, . . . urnadma[nna] indligthech[a] sein, O'D. 2363
70( Rawl. B. 506 f. 42d ). is t'ernaidm a[s] sírem méras i nHéirinn,
Trip.² 962 . ernaim forro gen an modh cetna do leiccin isin
caistiall, Grail 1014 . dia n-ernaidm fri Dia, 2238 . d'ernaidhm
a chairdesa frissin ccoimdheadh, FM vi 2218.8 . ar n-urnaidm
a anala air re teinne na togruma, MR 318.11 .
75(b) act of betrothal; bethrothal, marriage . The legal a. ¤ was a
particular type of betrothal consisting of a pledged agreement
between the girl's representative and her future husband.
In certain circumstances a simple acknowledgement by both
parties (aititiu) sufficed instead of an a. ¤ See Stud. in E. Ir.
80Law 109f. , 160 . Ir. Recht 29 . ata morseisir i tuaith arcuile
coir urnadhma `there are seven who are prohibited from the
right of contracting marriage
', Laws v 132.1 . nascar a coibche
do mnaī co n-ernadmaim ind fir bes dīles dī, acht ro-ana co
āge a īcce fria a woman is guaranteed her bride-price at the
85time of her betrothal to the man who shall be hers
, ZCP xv
356 § 44 gl. 3 . is écin don tí do rinde in urnaidhm cutruma a
coibche dó, O'D. 425 ( H. 3.17 c. 326 ). a hernaidm-si co
n-icc a tindscrae, RC xi 448.80 . nibat gárechtaig aiscedaig
fergnúsi ocom urnaidm, LL 14281 (rhet.). ro triallad a
ernaidm do fir, Fél. 50.16 . oc fritháilim ernadma na mná dó,
5 LL 407a54 ( TTr.² 1280 ). ?nach ingen dogníd búis dar cen a
urnaidm nobreotha, LL 287b8 . ben aurnadma married
woman
, Triads 151 . mac na cetmuinntiri urnadma . . . mac
na hadhaltrai urnadma, Cóic Con. Fug. 16 § 3 gl. 8 .
Cf. airṡnaidm.

10 airnaidmid v(airnaidm) (a) binds, pledges: aurnaidmis Fergas
fón samlaid cetna foraib, TBC 1795 . co ro ernaidhm a
charadradh rís ó chéin, FM vi 1930.y . amhail ro hiornadh-
mtha uad `as it has been agreed by him', Hugh Roe 50.14 (fo.
14a) . ro ernaidm fair a reir-si, Grail 2355 .
15(b) betrothes, espouses: na ndeghfher ndiongmala lás ro
h-ernaidhmeadh í diaidh indiadh `to whom she had been
successively espoused
', FM vi 2048.15 . do hernaidhmed Scota
ingen Pharo fri Nel, Leb. Gab. 278 n. 7 . inghean ro earnaidhm
frisiomh, Hy Fiachr. 76.17 .

20 airnaigid v(cf. airnigde) prays: don lucht oilit ┐ ernaigit eserghe
doibh, BNnÉ 63.1 . adhrait ┐ ernaigit ┐ etorguidit in coimde,
Fl. Earls 122.4 . figlem, legem, airnaigthem, Arch. iii 314 § 23 .
cuich . . . no-airnaigfed breith do breth fair?, PH 603 . Cf.
ar-neget.

25 airnaigthe xsee airnigde.

airnaigthech adj o, ā (airnigde) prayerful, devout: ba . . . óintech
ernaigtech in tí Longínus, PH 684 . erlamh . . . craibhtheach
. . . urnaigtheach, BNnÉ 155 § 1 . nī rāiti crāibt[h]ech re
nech / minab āilgen irnaight[h]ech, ZCP x 52 § 16 . iar
30mbethaid . . . irnaigthig, ALC i 126.10 . béal ainmneach
urnaightheach, Aithd. D. 61.9 .

airnasc n(nasc) ring, collar: fear-chon . . . co nurnasc imremar
iarnaidi air having on him a thick iron collar, MR 200.1 . ro
iadsat . . . urnasc imgona ar rigraid Alban, 244.1 . In sense of
35 airnaidm: co naurnasc a gialla bond, O'C. 475 ( H. 3.18, p. 248 ).

airnascda adj io, iā (airnasc); ua hirnascda udmall a comairle
restricted and unsettled, TTebe 241 .

airnastaid n i (based on part. of ar-naisc) spouse, bethrothed one
(usually husband) (for the formation see Thurn. Gramm. p.
40171 ): in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda in-a (m)banernastaid
(i.e. Christ and the Church), PH 3986 . fedba cen irnastaid,
LB 233b51 . ernastaid togaide mathar in Choimded, 13a5 .
commām . . . ar cēle, ar n-irnastadha sochenēlaigh .i. Iósa
Críst, Otia ii 100.2 . a irnastaid muinntire ifirn (the devils
45address the soul), PH 8175 .

airnbertach: n is iarom cachain a. ¤ boi isin taig . . . ind láid si,
ZCP viii 564.10 . Explained as housekeeper, manager , ZCP
xix 133.18 . Cf. airbertach.

airnbertas n o (cf. prec.): tri fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐
50gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais v.l.), Triads 180 . airnbertais
.i. ag dénamh ┐ ag ordughadh gach neithe mar as dú, p. 41 .
trí fóindil drochbanais: fóindil scél ┐ ataid ┐ airnberntais, 181 .
Cf. airbertas.

airndel n o, [n.?] (indell) See Ériu xiii 217 , Lochlann ii 212 .
55 trap, snare: a. ¤ .i. ar-indel .i. indel aire, Corm. Y 75 . dligid
airnell (airndel v.l.) aurfocra, Anecd. iii 14.9 . elta én a . . .
arnelaib, Alex. 1010 . air[n]del ningelt .i. cuithech no bir,
O'C. 509 ( H. 3.18, p. 258 ). bir airndil for ur ceime no conaire,
723 ( H. 3.18, p. 346 ). eascaire in bera airndil, Laws iii
60272.9 Comm. trian in lan diri . . . on bir airnil, 450.19 Comm.
án cach tigradh forrethar airndil nach suidhi[g]thi anmann i
n-eicill, O'Dav. 796 . airnnelaib .i. for eunaiph, Auraic. 2394 .
a n-airneal, Content. xxv 7 . As vn. d'airniul ar ḟíadaib, Met.
Dinds. iv 122.7 .
65See fornel.

airndrethach n(cf. *ar-ind-reth-, Ped. ii 600 ): in riuth retae inna
airndrethcha `the course which the constellations run', Thes. ii
12.29 (BCr.). inna rei file iter na secht ṅairṅdrecha (leg.
ṅairṅdrethcha, edd.) ithé nime asbertar and, 1.24 .

70 airndrisse part. formation from *ar-ind-reth-, Ped. ii 600 . a. ¤
gl. erratam, Ml. 138d5 .

airne n m. (1 aire, Wortk. 127 . See also Airne F. Introd. p. xiv )
watching, guarding (esp. at night): a. ¤ .i. fuireachras oidhche,
O'Cl. cid a. ¤ fota in se / i m-bed fot secht gemaidche, Airne F.
75 22 . cid fota mo a. ¤ (int airné v.l.), 41 . sund rognid in graibre
gel / a. ¤ i ndeochaid Fingen, Met. Dinds. iv 338.6 . ?g s. a
séise barc ar sáil . . ., ag déanamh áirneach da lucht fala,
Ó Bruad. i 32 xvi . Cf. 1 nairne.

áirne n m. (a) sloe, fruit of the blackthorn: airnne gl. glandium,
80 Sg. 49b17 . pruni .i. airni, Med. Gl. 65 ( Arch. i 327 ). sīoluch
scīach, dercu iuech / airni, cnóa, K. and H. 21 . cráeb droigin
fo dubairnib (: tairngib), Met. Dinds. iii 62.96 . na háirni a
h-Éblind, RC xiii 46.24 . secht n-airmedae . . . d'airnib cumrai
dondcorcra, Aisl. MC 124.20 . mion-ubhall nō mōr-áirne,
85 Feis TC 1044 . subha craobh ┐ āirne, Measgra D. 39.41 . na
droighne loma um Leamhuin / coingre orra d'áirneadhuibh.
IGT Decl. ex. 1363 . trian d'áirnibh dubh corcra . . ., FM ii
822.9 . sugh airnida ngoirt, Rosa Ang. 312.8 .
(b) kernel (of a nut), stone: foracaib leth ind airne don
gillu, RC viii 57 n.10 = ind eitne, text. leth n-airne na cno,
5 RC xxv 346 § 3 . clandtair a fert ┐ a raith ┐ saitir a airne
(lia v.l.) grave-stone , RC xiii 222.27 . arinnus .i. olcairne .i.
cloch, O'Dav. 183 .