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airscar o vn. of ar-scara, Ped. ii 613 , see also Lochlann ii
212 . (a) act of separating, excluding: gabsat fir Muman . . .
65futhaib . . . ic a ndicennad ┐ ica n-airsecar ider anes ┐ a
tuaidh, RC xliii 112 § 118 (leg. a. ¤ ?, RC xliv 176 ). arascuiret
.i. airet saiges an airscor as far as the exclusion (of members of
the fine) reaches
, O'C. 832 ( H. 3.18, p. 381a ) (gloss on Laws iii
16.30) . o do gena dliged nurscair slainti espaid ┐ etarbaid ann
70 i.e. when he has given legal warning to keep clear of danger(?),
Laws iii 266.10 Comm. (cf. airscartad).
(b) Some part of a house, wall, partition(?): in aentech . . .
iarna nuadhenum . . . can urscur can imdaigh ann, acht ma
cuile i niarcuil don tigh, Thurn. Zu ir. Hdschr. 42 § 3 (`Zimmer-
75mannswerk
'). co nderna erscor issin taig, LL 273b37 . tech
. . . erscar do dergibar and, LU 10122 . a colba ┐ a n-urscair
(of a house), Laws i 166.9 Comm. i noslocad in tighe fais . . .
intan ro milled aileda ┐ urscar, O'C. 642 ( H. 3.18, p. 309 ).
aithgin in urscair, O'C. 643 (ib.). Perh. also: anaid a ursgur na
80hairechta fris co rois do, O'C. 470 ( H. 3.18, p. 246 ) `?at the
railing of the court
; or at the rising (separation) of the court',
Plummer MS. notes.
(c) clearing, open space: rāmut .i. mo oldas rout .i. aurscor
bís ann ar dūn ríg it widens in front of a king's `dún'(?), Corm.
85Y 1082 . aurscor ar na primroidi, O'C. 2203 (Eg. 88, f. 8(9)c).
a hudhnacht is a tuighi / a hurscar thair ac tobar, SG 112.4
( Acall. 807 ). ?bla liathroit urscar .i. is slan . . . scor na
faiche do milludug, O'C. 2106 (H. 4.22, p. 77b).

airscartad u, [m.] vn. of ar-scarta, Ped. ii 616 . (a) act of
removing, clearing away. Of expelling an enemy etc.: aur-
5scartad n-echtrand, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . do urscartad na slóg
di Maig M., LL 13949 ( RC iii 179.3 ). in n-irscartad comlaind
the driving out (of the enemy) in conflict, LL 305b22 ( SG 383.1 ).
Ísu . . . tria erscartad iffirn the clearing out (harrowing) of
hell
, LL 14212 . do'n erscartad do-rat-som fors-in tempul
10(of the money-changers), PH 4404 . da mbe ursgartad ar
fleghuib / eiridh si roim cach co grott, H 3.18, 37.28 . Of
removing people etc. when work likely to cause an accident
is in progress: slainti easbu ┐ etorbu do cetsceinm na slisne
. . . iar ndliged urfocra ┐ urscarta, Laws v 156.z Comm. ised
15dlegar urfocra ┐ urscartad do riagail riú urfocra do codnach-
aib ┐ urscartad rob ┐ ecodnach, iii 174.5 Comm. See also s.
airscar. Of animals: ?ursgartad in chon araig, O'C. 1028
( H. 3.18, 432b ) (= eascairi in con, Laws iii 272.9 Comm. ).
urrscartadh gu marbadh dani in cat ┐ urrscartadh gan
20marbadh dani in cu thall, O'D. 2302 ( Rawl. B 506, fo.
29d ). Of clearing a space, etc.: caithge raite .i. ime fris . . .
┐ a slaige ┐ a nurscartadh, Laws iv 144.23 . erscartadh na
ttighedh o tempal doire do dhénamh, FM ii 1146.5 . [do] uhí
urscardadh an leath thall uile fa chomhair mic rí É. the
25space was cleared in the farther half of the house
(?), Feis TC
1621 .
(b) = airscar (b): amra an teg h-i sin itir irscartad ┐
dergudha, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.8 ( YBL 118b3 ). aurscartad
derggibair fo mrechtruncain uile, TBFr. 73 . eter irscartad ┐
30imdorus (a palace), LU 8048 ( FB 1 ). airinich créduma ┐
aurscartud dergibair, 8730 (55) . fora imdorus ┐ a urscartad,
O'C. 810 ( H. 3.18, 374b ). imdorus duin cona aurscartad, 882
(ib. 395a).

airscáth n(scáth) great fear, fright, apprehension: aduath ┐
35ursccath, gráin ┐ gábadh, FM v 1562.9 . mór an t-adhbhar
ursgátha (of Day of Judgement), Dán Dé v 14 . dom dhíon ar
eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . ar ursgáth `dismayed',
A. Ó Dálaigh l 37 . ní chuireadh ar aon ursgáth, lii 23 .

airscáthach (airscáth) as n. pr. Echtga hUathach ingean
40Aurscathaigh, Bodl. Dinds. 21 ( Folklore iii 488 ).

airsce n io stump of the neck: úaigthe cend Corpri . . . / do
aircsiu Echdach i Tethbai i.e. the head of Cairpre was put
on the neck of E. when he was buried at T., LL 14089 . i
ndigail chind m' atharsa rucad leis coro adnacht fri a. ¤
45Echdach, 14049 . dórtais Macc cecht in cúach n-usci inn
airsci ┐ im-méde Conaire (ina airsciu (.i. in meidhe) intí C.
v.l.) (C. had asked for a drink before dying and having his
head cut off), BDD 157 . a heriscibh (hairscib v.l.) urtescth-
aibh, CCath. 962 . airrsci .i. méidhe, O'Cl.

50 airscél n(scél) famous tale: adfessa dó airscéla na macraide i
nEmain, LU 4856 (TBC). ní do imthechtaib ┐ airscélaib in
ceniuil, 4821 (TBC). carthai Findabair . . . ara irscélaib,
TBFr. 11 . rocharastar C. ara urscelaib, LL 14436 . ?bid
airscēla la fer mbrot, Sc.M² 15 . romgab imtholta im er-
55scéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, Arch. iii 3.18 . innis óirscél ele
dhúin, Acall. 164 . re h-aisnéis a n-urscel dia n-eis, MR 96.12 .
Later (edifying) story, parable: an obair . . . do chor amach a
modh uirsgéil, Desid. 112 . do chuala mé . . . uirsgéal ar an
aithrighe (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé v 22 . Various: crioth
60oram ris an uirsgéal (descr. of the end of the world), DDána
29.14 . mna do mórimgabail athuath dia n-érscelaib (aduath
do airscelaib, v.l.) gossip(?), Hib. Min. 41.29 . gach uirscéal
taitneamhach dá mbíodh idir é féin ┐ O Domhnaill `every
pleasant incident that took place between himself and O.D.
',
65 Maguires of F. 76 .

airscíathad n(cf. sense (d) under 2 scíath) act of shielding: secht
frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d] (aurscíathadh,
O'Dav. 1413 ) . . . ditiu maic aslui ar athair seven offences
in which it is most difficult to shield the offender from the
70consequences of his action
(e.g. a son who absconds from his
father), Laws v 290.18 .

airsclaige n iā, f. Mid. Ir. form of vn. of ar-clich. See Ped. ii
493 . Wortk. 99 , Lochlann ii 212 . act of warding off and hence
with transferred object defending: no linadsom in poll dia
75liathrotib ┐ ni chumcaitis in meic a ersclaige (of defending a
goal), LU 4986 (TBC). d'ursclaigi na n-echtrand ónd airiur,
LL 224b21 ( TTr. 545 ). ri airsclaigi na gona díb, 244b4 (2056).
ri anfolle na airsclaigi, 226a27 (`defence', 660 ). re diden ┐ re
h-imdegail ┐ urrsglaidi dara ceand i n-aigid a mbidbud, Aen.
80 2446 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon carried by
a maccléirech), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. imnaiscid . . . a
mbruttu imoalama clee fri a h-ursglaidi dib i naigid na
n-arm, BB 439b7 . d'urscclaighi ┐ d'iomghuin dar a neise,
FM vi 2126.22 . A. ¤ re hursclaigi `for resisting', MR 156.12 .
85 d'ursglaighi an aladh to cover or protect the wound, 286.12 . a
n-airm ursclaidhe `their defensive armour', 314.28 . cona glés
ursclaigi, Comp. Con C. 104.14 . With engnam: nir-ba tualaing
ursclaidi na hengnoma iad . . . re met na morainbthine,
TTebe 1969 . fri h-engnamh ┐ fri h-ursclaighi, FM vi 1962.1 .
Cf. airchlige.