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airthach [o, n.] vn. of ar-toing (*air-fo-tong-, Lochlann ii
213 ) oath of confirmation or denial; guarantee: na laimther
75forgull na airthiuch, Laws iv 192.13 . aurthuch na forthuch,
178.19 . im sar urrach mban uatne, i 176.1 .i. urthach saer do
beir in ben fri uaitne, 180.11 Comm. = sarurtach, O'C.
798 ( H. 3.18, 371a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciall-
runathar uasal testugh ona codnacha lithar ann, O'C. 1770 (RIA
8023 Q 6, 37a). mana lamhathar nech airrthech, O'C. 1447 ( H. 3.18,
646a ). aurthaige uánne conna ísa cú allaid cairig céin bethi
i mbethu let us give guarantees that a wild hound will not eat
a sheep
, LL 282b42 . Of protection given by saints: Pátric,
Brigit imalle / Cóemgen is Cholumcille / iat is airthech ar
85cech slúag / ná rolaimther a marc-shlúag, Met. Dinds. iii
14.168 . dar erthach naomh ┐ fíreon, FM ii 702.1 . dar ertech
naom Erenn, CS 244.10 . dodeochaid tra aurthach Brendain
. . ar Chiarraigiu . . . ┐ aurthach Comgáin . . . dar cend
forthūath, ZCP viii 315.14 .

airthacra n(tacra) preliminary pleading: cis lir rechta forsna
5tacraib . . . ni ansa a .uii. air[thacra] ria togu etc., Cóic Con.
Fug. 24 § 26 = urthagra, 60 § 144 , i.e. the preliminary
discussion as to what line of action (conar fugill) should be
chosen.

airthaitnemach adj(taitnemach) very bright: erchain .i. erthait-
10nemach, Fél.² clxvii gl. 25(2) .

airtharsna (tarsna) usually as adv. across, athwart, crossways,
obliquely, transversely: tucastar béim tanaise dó urtharsna
obliquely, TBC 1900 . ro ghon L. urtarsna é tre compur a
cleb, 2301 . With ar cind facing, to intercept: ba sisi bai
15urtarrsna ar cind na n-ech, YBL 211b44 . a chur ar cind
urtharrsna T. to intercept T., TTebe 892 . dochuaid Aed . . .
┐ Eogan . . . ara cind urtharsna A. and E. crossed their path,
Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . As quasi-adj. re h-imad . . . na n-arm
n-edarla n-urtharsna, MR 316.18 .

20 airthe part. of 3 airid: in gort a. ¤ the ploughed corn-field, CCath.
3965 .

airthechta n(téchtae?) privilege, prerogative, due, right: elodh
aurthechta .i. ar na elat cen eraicc a ndliges a comus . . .
huadib, O'C. 835 ( H. 3.18, 382a ). artechta fuillem gill
25longa caire, Laws v 412.24 .i. uasaldliged, 31 Comm. cisne
tri mic na gaibead urtechta flatha la Feine, 456.1 . cuingid
urthechta o eclais .i. baithes ┐ comna etc. iii 32.30 . cach
nadnacal cona urtechta imnai do eclais, 42.14 . flaith . . .
dliges riara la urtechta olcenu, ii 202.25 ( ZCP xv 245 § 4 ).
30 ni techta nechtar n-ae urt[h]echta do somaine na domaine,
Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 § 36 ( Laws ii 406.20 ).

airthegdais n(tegdais) out-building: aurdam .i. . . . aurteagdais
.i. fri tegdais anechtair, Corm. Y 24 .

airthend adj(tend) (a) very strict, austere: Gaius arthenn, Gorm.
35 March 4 . Philip uasal arthenn, June 6 . Perh. also aitrige . . .
nerthind (a s.), Gael. 50 , 130 (taken as érthinn, Bláthm. 446 ).
(b) As subst. o, name of a kind of grass; `timothy-grass (Pheum
pratense), the best kind of fodder grass', ZCP xvii 421 .
asbert C. . . . a. ¤ da blíadan do thabairt dia n-echaib, LU
40 8834 ( FB § 63 ). ? tailc don airtend (sic leg.) gnuis, Ériu i
138.17 = maith donairnengnūis, ii 56 § 8 . Cf. Murphy
Lyrics 9.8 . tuc som oirbir bec oirthind fhota fum sa, PH 522 . ar
lar ind [fh]eoir ┐ in airthind, TTebe 2061 . ac ithi in [fh]eoir
┐ inn airthind do chasc a hitad, 2073 . fairb ┐ fionnairthenn,
45 Caithr. Thoirdh. 35.7 .

airther n o, [n.] (see Thurn. Gramm. § 266 ; n. gender may
survive in forms cited under II below). Later m. oirthear m.,
IGT Decl. § 11 . I (a) front part: in n-a. ¤ in tigi, BDD² 1006 .
i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth Gabl. 216 . i n-airthiur
50ḟoitsi, 590 . ar-sesatar cornairi āraith cuslennaich airthiur
`the horn-blowers . . . sat in the front part of the house', Ériu
xix 83 § 14 . langp[h]etir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-arthir
biis . . . aurchomal . . . itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm.
Y 812 = iter di chois chind, LB. i n-airthiur a chind, TBC
55 257 . iar nairthur `in front', Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ).
[i]ar n-airrter, Lism. L. 2221 . míl . . . airrter eich lé `horse's
mane
', 2217 . Perh. mistake for airtem in: ro buí a. ¤ (airth—
MS.) láime din claideb fria trúaill anechtair, BDD² 1004 .
(b) the east: dí gréin airthir Liffi, Fél. Dec. 9 . fir oirthir
60Midi the men of eastern M., Trip.² 843 . lotar iar n-a. ¤ do
Ch. A. eastwards , 2855 . i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² § 23 . o
iarthur co airthiur, TBC 839 . adíu go a. ¤ ṅ-hErend, 5705 .
ó oirrther an domhain, Parrth. Anma 3774 . iter in muir nI.
iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nE. ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 .
65COMPDS. ¤ -deiscert the south-east: ind airthiurd. na hEtaile,
Trip.² 244 v.l. ¤ -mag, Anecd. ii 2.1 (airmag v.l., Airne F.
28 ). ¤ -thúaiscert the north-east: dá rind ága . . . airthirthuascirt
in betha, LL 221a29 ( TTr. 296 ). -thúaiscertach: i nulinn
airthirthuaiscertaig na Dési, Trip.² 2329 .
70 II Of time: isin maitin mana. ¤ morning of the second day
following
, TBC² 3089 (or pass. of mandraid?). lotar īarnanairter
do eill A. the next day but one, ZCP viii 106.25 . dochodur
arna n-orther co M., Ann. Conn. 1230.4 (= tangadar arna
mharuch, ALC). amárach atá m'féil ┐ a n-oirrcher féil na
75ban-óighe the day after tomorrow (of Maedóc Ferna and
Brigit, whose obits fall on Jan. 31 and Feb. 1), BNnÉ 275 §
254 . sul bus tráthsa nach n-oirrther before this time comes
again
, SG 73.11 . do toirmisgeadh truagh an cion / le síol
Néill ar n-a noirthear (`n-a. ¤ dhiaidh sin arís', notes), DDána
80 86.10 . aniú ┐ a márach ┐ a noirrther, Luke xiii 33 . Note
also: oirthear .i. tosach aoise an duine, TSh. 172 .

airtherach adj o, ā (airther) front; eastern: rann oirtearach an
chinn the front part of the head, 23 K 42, 168.14 . icon tenei
(tenid v.l.) airtheraig, BDD² 1350 and n. on dumu airterach
85síartúaid, LL 3850 . ainm in dumai airtheraig, 3849 . tánic
ón Gréic airtheraig, Met. Dinds. iii 322.54 . cusin forind
oirtheraig, Alex. 369 . ón uli tuathaib hoirrtherachaib, 372 .
Bertlacha airthercha, Trip.² 1584 . cineda airtheracha in
domuin, CCath. 1573 . a cind artherach Bratsleibi, Ann.
Conn. 1256.5 .