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airtherach adj o, ā (airther) front; eastern: rann oirtearach an
chinn the front part of the head, 23 K 42, 168.14 . icon tenei
(tenid v.l.) airtheraig, BDD² 1350 and n. on dumu airterach
85síartúaid, LL 3850 . ainm in dumai airtheraig, 3849 . tánic
ón Gréic airtheraig, Met. Dinds. iii 322.54 . cusin forind
oirtheraig, Alex. 369 . ón uli tuathaib hoirrtherachaib, 372 .
Bertlacha airthercha, Trip.² 1584 . cineda airtheracha in
domuin, CCath. 1573 . a cind artherach Bratsleibi, Ann.
Conn. 1256.5 .

5 airthimchell (timchell). In prep. phr. i n-a. ¤ around, about: a
chromscíath . . . co n-a bil áithgéir . . . ina hurtimchull,
LU 6431 . amdhubach do sciathaib . . . ana nuirthimcheall
all round them, Acall. 873 . it h'urthimchioll `around thee',
Ériu viii 135.11 . ro hadhnaiced . . . go naomhaibh 'na uirth-
10imceall, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . gussin ēdach purpur ro fhogair
P. do chor i n-a urthimchell, Fl. Earls 198.12 .

airthírad n(tírad) act of drying: a n-arbonna d'erthioradh ┐ do
thiorghoradh, Hugh Roe 254.14 (fo. 67b) .

airthius adv. (cf. airther) in the east: iarus fis, tūathus cath,
15a. ¤ blāth, Ériu iv 162.6 = airthis (artus, airthus v.l.), 146 §
23 .

airthócbaid xsee ar-tócaib.

airthócbaide part. of ar-tócaib. raised: commilter . . . a fuil . . .
fona hursandaib hurtocbaidi, BB 240a33 .

20 airthócbáil vn. of ar-tócaib act of raising, hoisting: ancaireda ica
n-airtócbáil, LL 236a25 ( TTr. 1425 ). cloch . . . na'r fhéadadar
d'árdúghadh ná d'urthógbháil, ML 2.16 . re h-imad fholt . . .
ar na n-ur-thogbail do chennaib, MR 240.3 . thug mé úrthógbháil
faoi an gcoire a vigorous lift, ITS i 24 z . urrtogbhail
25erridh (in a list of the military arts), BB 488b21 . dobert
urtócbail míled fair, CCath. 2073 . Act of elevating (in Mass):
riaffreand d'urtocbail, BB 242b4 . Fig. urthócbáil úailli ina
mínmailgib the brows proudly arched, BDD² 34 . In concrete
sense of raised ornament: irthocbáil . . . do charmoclaib
30fóthib uile, TFerbe 32 . Cf. TBFr. 25 where a similar descr.
has eirmitiuda.

airthogae xsee erthogae.

airthorad n(torad) fruit, produce: la hurthorad Boindi do
thomailt duit, TE² 8 . ro roindead ar tri an urrthorad, YBL
35 155a51 .

airthórmach adj(tormach) great increase(?): can urtormach do
muic, O'D. 2417 ( Rawl. B 516, fo. 53d ) = urmach, 1655
(H. 5.15, 22b).

airthosach n(tosach) (a) very beginning (of day, night, etc.): iar
40turgbail urthosaigh laithe, BNnÉ 327 § 48 . a n-urrthosuch
na maidni mochsoillsi, ZCP vi 69.2 . re hirthosach na haidchi,
TTebe 2257 . amal airthossach cíach cíuindorcha, LL
235b14 ( TTr. 1376 ).
(b) Of place: dam saide . . . co n-erthossach écne an ox
45with
forepart like a salmon, IT iii 247.4 ( LL 247a30 ). i
n-urthosach catha na Tr. in the vanguard , BB 433b22 . a
n-urthosach na hirgaile, Caithr. CC 7 § 14 . ic ecur a airth-
ossaig prow (of a ship), LL 218b48 ( TTr. 135 ). im urthosach
in arthraigh, FM v 1788.21 .

50 airthosaigid v(airthosach) begins: in t-airthriall ro airthossaiged
and, LL 219a31 ( TTr. 159 ).

? airthráethad n(tráethad): olc gin urtraotha .i. do dhenam do
neoch aile ris cin a fir traecha (sic) dosum uime mitigation(?),
O'C. 2311 ( Eg. 88, f. 24(25)a ). Vn. of ar-troítha

55 ? airthrenn: n for urtrennaib in trága ` sand-spits ', CCath. 2638 .
uirthreana .i. feirsde, O'Cl., citing this passage. Prob.
compd. of 1 ard and 1 rind (c).

airthríall n(tríall) (a) act of setting out; journey, voyage: in t-air-
thriall ro airthossaiged and (i.e. the Argonautic expedition),
60 LL 219a31 ( TTr. 159 ). urthriall go h-Easpáin, ML 70.24 . dia
mboí . . .acc urthriall an tslóighidh `setting out on the expedi-
tion
', FM ii 622.9 . acc faichill an uirtrialla do róine fo
dheóidh `to prepare for his final march', vi 2124.8 erthriall
na síne samhratha chucca `the summer weather approaching',
65 Hugh Roe 38.10 (fo. 10b) .
(b) act of undertaking; attempt, effort: fri airtriall catha,
TBC 5674 . oc urtriall chatha fri P., Alex. 760 . tuaircnech
na ṅgoband . . . ic airthriall na tairngi testing (?) LL 218b46
( TTr. 133 ). acc uirtriall armála, FM vi 2002.25 . na h-airrdena
70tindscedail techid ┐ urtrialla imgabala trying to evade, MR
232.18 . urtrialla in popuil endeavours (?), CCath. 1110 . an
t-ertriall do rinnscain Ó Domhnaill `O'D.'s undertaking',
Hugh Roe 60.19 (fo. 16b) . amal nefnígtir airthrialla mac
ṁbec, LL 234a45 (`endeavours', TTr. 1287 ).

75 airthríallaid v(airthríall): cosna trenferu roairthriallsat lais techt
in turais who set out on the expedition with him, LL 224ay ( TTr.
529 ).

airthrom adj(3 trom) lit. heavy in front, used in name of the
metre dían a. ¤ : dian a. ¤ , dian midthrom ┐ dian iartrom, IT iii
8033.1 ; 157.2 . dian urtrom ┐ dian iartrom, Laws v 60.3 Comm.

airthrúag adj(trúag) very pitiable: ro raid . . . aithesc n-erthrúag,
SR 1402 . nirbu erthróg (cheville), 6966 . Perh. rather ér-.

airthúaiscertach adj(túaiscertach) north-eastern: erthuaiscertach
gl. euroaquilo ( Acts xxvii 14 ), Thes. i 498.26 .

85 airthúasacht [ā, f.] vn. of ar-túaisi, act of keeping silent, usually
in sense of remaining silent with regard to something, not
demurring, not making a complaint, not obeying an order, etc.
a n-erthuasacht gl. taceri, not to use them, to suppress them (of
ambiguous forms), Sg. 138b8 . aurrtuasacht siu[i]l .i. firdacht
ria in tan bis seoladh fuirre .i. gaende no caile, O'C. 2309 ( Eg.
588 fo. 23b ). itā iubail inna urtuasacht .i. dechmad remaining
silent about it (failure to make a complaint) has a term of ten
days
, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ? uirtuasacht .i. éistecht ut est air-
thuasacht cunnartha, H 3. 18, 416 . is lugha ro lamhsat
urtuasacht a breithre and less did they dare to disregard his
10word
, CCath. 1788 v. l. (fuirech, text). ní lamhtha urthuas-
acht a bhreithre idir `durst not be disobeyed', FM vi 2120.20 .
With transference of meaning: is éigin aurthúasacht a brethi
ind fir sin one has to abide by the decision of that man, BDD²
798 .
15In Laws Comm. phr. i n-a. ¤ in glosses on compds. of -túaisi:
ben bís i nurtuasacht a slethe can a fograd who does not
announce that she has been violated
, v 274.9 (ar-a-tuaisi, text).
contuaisi runata nad foeige .i. bidh a nurrthuasacht rúine in
Athar neamhdha does not reveal (?), O'C 2529 ( Eg. 88, fo.
2044(45) ). ? in fer bis a n-urrtuasacht an aimsire (sic) itir ar
medon, O'C. 1902 (23. P. 3, 23(21)b) (con-tuaisi) = 436
(H.3.18, 286a). bera gach nurcunn contuaisi i forngaire
sochar no dochar etc. .i. brethemnaighsi for gach nuasal cod-
nach bis [i] nurthuasacht, 2397 (Eg. 88, 31(32)b). co naisneis
25breithre de do cach inda tuaise, Laws iii 32.33 .i. co nuasal
indisin breithre dé (.i. procept) don cach bis a nurtuassa[cht]
ria, 34.8 Comm.