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1 ais n back, hinder part: for a. ¤ in slebe on the ridge of the moun-
80tain
, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a. ¤
na muire, Leb. Gab. 36.11 . Cf. colla tha. ¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12
Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss.
referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.
With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss
85(: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a. ¤ co roicher
Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG
29.34 . ar a. ¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a. ¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an
chuirp do chur ar a. ¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain
ar a. ¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na
hinghine ar a. ¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a. ¤ ní
5fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I
shall not set back Thy anger
', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S.
for a a. ¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a. ¤ ,
Maguires of F. 22 .
With FRI: a. ¤ re ha. ¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ.
10in phr. gaibid fri ha. ¤ (fria a. ¤ ). Prob. in literal sense in: ra
gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC
6048 = fria ais, TBC² 3622 . In later lang. sets about, under-
takes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo
cheanaibh / gabh ret a. ¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an
15adze on my sins
', PBocht 4 § 36 . gabhaim re ha. ¤ clódh do
ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a. ¤ . . .
gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas
m'anmain ré a. ¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire
rogab ainm ria a. ¤ /ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the
20name
, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a. ¤ I
shall not undertake
, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a. ¤ cádhas
┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re
a. ¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro
gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a. ¤ , FM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro
25chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .
Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria
aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?),
TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a. ¤ bring along with
you
, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . .
30re a. ¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch
d'iomchur ré a. ¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé
xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a. ¤ along with you,
Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha. ¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne
dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann
35d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha. ¤ gach ríogh dhíobh
together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha. ¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in
addition to the circle of the universe
, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 .
Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh
i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria
40a. ¤ in addition, BR 32.z .
With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd
dó dara a. ¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas
Erinn dara ha. ¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a
chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 .
45 co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar back-
wards
, TBC 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a. ¤ isin
luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU
4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha. ¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní
racha sibh tar bur n-a. ¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni
50tiucfa beó tar th'a. ¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive',
ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin
tarana. ¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss
behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ).
Without poss. cuirfe tar a. ¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel
55their anxiety
, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a. ¤ na huile
`wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a. ¤ do Dhiar-
maid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a. ¤ do dheunamh
air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donl. 186.21 .
In phr. druim tar a. ¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels,
60upside down:
co tarrla druim tar a. ¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC
vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara. ¤ capsized , ZCP vi
294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a. ¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis
mo ráitte-se druim tar a. ¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also:
bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday),
65 LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

? 2 ais nsee Vendr. Lex.: a. ¤ .i. abann, ut dixit in file: Mac
Conaing cosnamh fris / ni a. ¤ tenid na midhnais / cene snigess
snechta finn / fidba for lind latha lais, O'Mulc. 110 (= H.
3.18, 75a18 ). See ad-ais.

70 áis nAlso óis. g s. áise. See Celtica vi 62 - 3 . free-will, consent:
masa targud eicne . . . ma targud aisi, Laws iii 114.23 Comm.
na tarta oircne i ṅdail na in á. ¤ na i comáin . . . do Ghaedelu,
Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.4 . = i n-áil nó a n-ascaid, Corm. Y 883 .
ceannach an nighei-sin ar nimh / tabhair oram ar éigin /
75ná heirg i gceann áise a Eoin / gá fearr m'áisse ná m'aindeoin
do not consult my wishes (a plea for intercession), Dán Dé
i 5 . triallais in ben forecin fairsim uair forḟemid ais (the wife
of Potiphar), LB 115b11 (= f. reme, Celtica iv 14.z ; f. hi
chena, YBL 286b4 , but foremidh he chena, 63b29 , BB
80 237b43 ). maith a n-aís, olc a n-écen, BCC 284.z . Eire d'fhaic-
sin re ar n-ais ┐ re ar n-órdúghadh féin at our will and dis-
position
, ML 78.2 . d'eagla an bháis do bhí 'n-a dháil / achd
gér bh'í a á. ¤ a fhagháil, PBocht xxiii 10 . nách gabhann á. ¤
gan éigean, Measgra D. 26.63 . ais .i. deoin, O'Cl.
85In phr. ar á. ¤ willingly (opposed to ar éicin unwillingly, see
éicen): ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . ar oas, Ml. 83b15 . Saxain
náró trebat Héirinn ar áiss nach ar éicin, Trip.² 1336 . daig
cen co tucthá ar aís dobértha ar écin, TBC 132 . do chuinchid
I. ar écin húair na hétar ar oais no ar charatradh, TTr.²
306 . noch an ar ais ro fríth an fear `the man's death was not
5cheaply obtained
', ML 22.1 . cosnadh ar éiccin no ar á. ¤ let
him contest at all costs
, Ériu iv 228 § 57 . mairg do raghadh
uadh ar á. ¤ , Dán Dé xxvi 42 . d'á. ¤ willingly: in phoc ais acht
mas d'ais on tuccadh pocc di, O'D. 2367 ( Rawl. B 506, 43 ).
d'éigin nó d'á. ¤ , Dán Dé ix 6 . ní fhuigheadh acht dá á. ¤ é,
10 xxiii 21 . dober lium d'ais nō d'ēcin ē, ZCP vi 47.19 . d'á. ¤
an chaoimhniadh chomhachtaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 88 xix . Cf. also ní h-ás duit a n-aeninad, `thou shalt have no ease', De Contemptu 2390 (saer, v.l.) Leg. as (prep.)?