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acra(e) n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s.
65 accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl.
§ 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.
Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim;
action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and
FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra
70bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe
fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na
(= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii
252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy
to sue their lords for trespasses
', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail
75do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should
wish to sue his fosterer for them
', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi
faesam .i. nocha bi a. ¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich
. . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is
under protection may not be sued
? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa
80d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc
suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha
`attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa
dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad
in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum
85oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle
agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them,
v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh
acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a
payment due
', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when
suing a case of theft and plunder
, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra
5bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau
forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. Fug. 20 § 13 . fer na
hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H. 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir
acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10
Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii
1021.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 .
frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais
M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a
acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá
agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . .
15og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's
protection
, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill
to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. Suibhne
§ 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith
to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar
20neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death',
Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to
exact
', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi
12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall
ó Domhnaill on righ, FM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N.
25an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na
n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 .
oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging',
Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra
ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach
30admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty
to
), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal
dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag
aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as
to their claims
, FM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that
35case
, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly
Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na
hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama
. . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

acraid xsee ad-gair.

40 ? acraide n= acrae: is fearr a. ¤ giall na gnim for a. ¤ cach .i. is fearr
duit a. ¤ chair rit arais ina [a] ngnimrad ceilsine d'imirt orro,
O'C. 222 ( H. 3.18 p. 118 ). ? eniclann . . . do fochlacán . . .,
bó ina tabalaib acruige no ngnúisi, O'D. 980 ( H 3.17, 779 ).

acraidi: ni bi a. ¤ faesam, Laws i 102.x . Verbal of necessity of
45 ad-gair?

acraidecht n iā, f. (acraide) legal action for recovery of payment:
a. ¤ gl. (usurae) exactio, Ml. 36a25 .

acraigid xsee ad-gair.

acraigtheóir n(acraigid, see ad-gair) plaintiff: carthuigheoir no
50eligheoir no agraightheoir, Luc. Fid. 272.14 .

acsal xsee axal.

acso, acsút xsee oc I (c), also under asso .

acta n= Lat. acta (of the Acts of the Apostles): gnim lucae
etir soscela ┐ a. ¤ , RC viii 367.11 . amal indisess Lucas . . .
55i n-Actaib Apstal, PH 5442 . mar adeirthear a nActoibh na
nApsttol, Desid. 3750 .

áctegim: ind a. ¤ a quo est acetum gl. aceo ex quo acesco, Thes. ii 228.29
(PCr.). Cf. aigéd.

actus n(Lat. actus) name of a measure of ploughed land: a. ¤ .i.
60tomus nó imaire, ut est a. ¤ is lugha a iiii do troighaib lethat a
lair .i. imaire is lugha na in t-a. ¤ aderam 'nar ndeghaid. Nó
a. ¤ .i. la air, O'Dav. 117 .

acuit n(Lat. acutus) acute accent: circumflex in participio a. ¤ in
nomine , Sg. 187b3 . a. ¤ fora peneuilt, 212a13 . a. ¤ foraib linni,
65 208b7 . la a. ¤ , Auraic. 1558 . a. ¤ forsna sillabaib cuimri, 1355 .

acuitigidir v(acuit) accents with acute accent: ropad antepeneuilt
noacuitigfide indib, Sg. 120a1 . combad antepeneuilt noacuit-
igthe indib, 2 .

Acurón n(Engl. (?) loanword) the Koran: annsa lebur . . . darb
70ainm A. ¤ , Maund. 61 . Acarón, 116 .

ad- prep. prefix used to form compds. See Thurn. Gramm.
§ 822 ; O'Rahilly, Celtica i 337f. ; Breatnach, Éigse vi 339 .
In close compds. remains as ad- before vowels and earlier w
(preserved as spirant b): adamrae (amrae), adblam (ad-fo-
75lam).
The d is assimilated to c, t, g, d, b, s, m: -accobra (adcobra),
atrab (ad-treb), acarb, ag(g)arb (ad + garb), atód (ad-do-)
apuide, abbuide (ad + buide), aslach (ad-slig), ammus
(ad-mess). In the case of m, however, O'Rahilly, loc. cit.,
80regards adm- as the regular development e.g. admass (ad +
mass), admat (ad + muinethar), admall (ad + mall), admolaid
(ad + m.). Before an original u in follg. syll.: audbirt,
idbart, edbart (*ad-uss-bert), aupaid, epaid (ad-buith).
Before r, l, n appears as á: áram (ad-rím), fo-álgim (*fo-ad-
85log-), áinsem (*ad-nessam). As perfective particle, see Thurn.
Gramm. § 532 . In pretonic position always ad-: ad-ella, ad-
cobra, ad-gládathar, ad-slig, ad-midethar, ad-rími etc. except
before t and d, to which the d is assimilated: attá, atá (ad-tá),
ataimet (ad-daimet). For the forms with infix. pronouns see
Thurn. Gramm. §§ 412, 413 . The fact that ad- and ess- fall
5together before inf. pronouns has sometimes led to ad- being
replaced by as- in pretonic position e.g. as-roilli beside ad-
roilli (prototonic -árilli -áirilli). Sometimes ad- replaces in-
in pretonic position e.g. ad-cumaing (prototonic -ecmaing), see
Thurn. Gramm. § 842 B (1) . Meaning orig. to, towards e.g.
10 ad-gúisi hopes (wishes towards). In many compds. however it
has a purely intensive sense e.g. adúath great terror; admór
very great; admolaid praises highly. See various compds.
below.
See ath-.