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85 1 aitecht n(1 aite) oideacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . oideachd f.,
§ 26. tutorage, instruction: log . . . a oidechta, Laws v 212.21
Comm. ernail na haideachta, MR 294.19 . seal do ló re
hoideacht (hoideas v.l.) scol, BNnÉ 282 § 268 . do ghabh
proigeacht an pobal / glan an oideacht úaradar, IGT Decl.
ex. 840 . ochd bfir as ḟearr n-oideachda, ex. 856 . dobadh
5léir é ar a oidiocht / sé in gach céim gá chomhaideacht,
Studies 1918, 98 § 4 . an oideacht doním aniogh / dá dhal-
taibh . . ., 1924 , 88 § 21 . an fáidh ó bhfuair gach oideacht,
DDána 73.21 .

2 aitecht xsee aittecht.

10 ? aited: n gnim .i. aitedh, ut est, ni gnim a gnim fri bas, O'C.
575 ( H. 3.18, p. 286 ). Cf. aided?

? aiten: ind baten .i. bat[h]-aten .i. ēc obonn, Corm. Y 114 .

aites xsee aittes.

aith-, ath- prep. prefix forming compounds with nouns, adjj.
15and verbs, leniting. For the O. Ir. forms see Thurn. Gramm. §
824 . In later lang. aith- is usual before palatals, ath-
before non-palatals. Before following dentals delenition took
place (for the phonetics cf. Thurn. Gramm. § 148 , IGT
Introd. § 49 ), and the resulting consonant was voiceless even
20when the second element began with d- (the phonetic form is
somet. obscured by etymological spellings). See aithtinól,
aithTemair, attain, attochomlad, attoga, attoísech, attrách-
tad
; aitdelb, aitdénam, aithdliged, aitdebaid, attáil, atdán-
aigthe
, etc. With verbs and verbal nouns corresponds in
25sense to Latin re-, with nouns second, a further, with nouns
indicating persons ex- (as in aithrí deposed king), worn out,
degenerate
. Freq. with merely intensive force.

? aith adjfollg. seem to be merely etymol. glosses: obad luighi do
sa baile is a. ¤ ┐ is adha do caitham a mná, O'C. 2432 (Eg. 88,
30 35 b). no obad luighi an baile is a. ¤ di a denamh gin slanugadh
don feithemain, ib. Note also: cuaille feda i feilm n-airgit a. ¤ i
fochlucht, Ériu xi 48.16 = cuaille fedha a feilm nairgid . . .
ada a bfothlacht, O'C. 2479 ( Eg. 88, 38b-39a ) (cf. athaba).
Adv. luid Asal in a n-diaid co hada no co ha. ¤ da niarraidh,
35 Laws i 66.6 Comm.

1 áith adj i I (a) sharp, keen. In physical sense, of a blade, point,
etc.: amal in n-altain n-á. ¤ , Ml. 72b8 . ette no benn múir no
pinna á. ¤ gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . mar bad do altain á. ¤ etruim nad
berrtha, TBC 1892 . gae aith etromm, 5570 . cloidem á. ¤
40amhnas, 5501 . bera áithe, PH 1204 . clocha . . . aithe, IT i
190.27 . in torc cusna eochraibh aithi .i. cusna fiaclaib bir-
athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. a sheanshaoghlach á. ¤ ḟionnḟuar
(to a weapon), TD 33.10 . Equative: ba háthithir delc sciach,
LU 5920 (TBC) = ba hathidir, LL 12539 . Compar. áithiu
45cech delg is ou, PH 4136 . cia mes (.i. faebur) is áithe na
glám? Ériu xiii 81 § 287 . slega ba haithiu rinde, BB 490a16 .
Superl. cía háithemh eó? what is sharpest of points? (of satire),
Ériu xiii 25.6 . Cf. O'Dav. 40 , 770 . Compd. ¤ rind: tar éis
Bresail á. áith, Met. Dinds. iv 144.6 . ? guaire aithrind fair
50 he had sharp-pointed bristles (of a sea-cat), BNnÉ 77 § 146 =
g. aitenndai, Lism. L. 3798 (cf. adrind).
(b) Of mental powers keen, acute, sensitive: ba há. ¤ á
inntlecht, Aisl. MC 17.11 . ropat áithe étrumma a bretha ┐ a
chocerta, Tec. Corm. § 6.49 . Cellachán á. ¤ imgrind, Ériu i
55128.18 . no shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of
its egg
, IT i 158.12 ( LL 20181 ). gan fhear gcoimhghníomha
an fhéil á. ¤ , DDána 91.41 . einech urlam á. ¤ , KMMisc. 274 § 67 .
Compds. ¤ -airec: aith-airec acutum inuentum , Hib. Min. 8.253 .
¤ -chíall: in drui sin amnas co n-aithcheil (: Béil), LL 17750 .
60(c) quick, active, keen: at aithi athluma for n-errid, BB
429b35 . a óghmhacaoimh á. éadtruim, DDána 67.13 . aith
.i. luath ut est aithem gaibes tuinide .i. is aithi no is oibne
gaibis tuinide ma don teallach medhónach (= is aithiu aem
.i. is luaithiu, Laws iv 2.10 Comm. ). Nó aith .i. gér, ut est
65aith amail altain, O'Dav. 126 . aith .i. ger no luath, O'Cl.
Adv. ro lenait . . . co haith, Cog. 76.12 . o romgeibh fúacht
isind aigh / tigim go háith 'na aghaidh, Buile S. 58 . ? aith ro
classa ri airbriu / di ráith fri daigniu demniu, LL 705 (ait
aitt v.l., ITS xxxix 170 § 12 ). Compd. tar tuinn anfaidh
70áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 .
II Subst.: áith éachtach comhlainn (of a sword), Measgra
D. 14.25 . ? esbadach aith īarna dīth inna thacht (of a pig),
(B. na f.), Ériu vii 6 § 7 . ? aith cen lén (cheville), SR 5249 .

2 áith n i, f. á. ¤ (g s. and n p. áithe, átha) f. IGT Decl. § 42 . Note
75also a p. aithiu, O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506, 23b ) (= re háthaib ,
Laws iv 118.22 Comm. ) and n p. athanna, Ann. Conn.
1235.17 . d p. athandaib, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 . See Lochlann ii
214 .
Drying-kiln (for grain): criathar atho gl. cribrum areale,
80 Thes. ii 235.7 . canaba .i. aith, Codex Salmanticensis col. 379
(Plummer MS. notes). cóic lethunga argait i tírad i n-á. ¤
aidchi domnaig ┐ loscad na hátha, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . tirad a
n-aith, bleith a muileand, Laws v 474.2 . tech dia ndentar
aith, 162.17 . in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha tar eis in
85tirtha, 488.13 Comm. athgabail chota i n-aith muiland in
dunad, i 216.3 . bla susta aith, iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn
in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm. tellach na hatha, 264.3 Comm.
cuit i n-á. ¤ , i mmuili[u]nn, Críth Gabl. 96 . indtechta tria
críathar n-átha i.e. ground to pieces, BDD² 1295 . ro erb M.
fris frestal na hatha, Fél. 12.10 . ? ar (amail) dorucastar ┐
5dofuarcar al-lár n-athae, O'Mulc. 424 . gabais tene in aith,
Lism. L. 4303 . ro loiscsem bar n-átha de / is ro millsem bar
muille, SG 247.37 . sgriostar leis go bruinne mbrátha / a
muille a n-átha a n-iothlanna, TD 16.23 . bárr áithe, GJ vi
149a35 . áit[h] na mbríceadh `brickkiln', Nahum iii 14 . sórn
10áithche (sic) na mbríceadh, 2 Sam. xii 31 .