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ad- prep. prefix used to form compds. See Thurn. Gramm.
§ 822 ; O'Rahilly, Celtica i 337f. ; Breatnach, Éigse vi 339 .
In close compds. remains as ad- before vowels and earlier w
(preserved as spirant b): adamrae (amrae), adblam (ad-fo-
75lam).
The d is assimilated to c, t, g, d, b, s, m: -accobra (adcobra),
atrab (ad-treb), acarb, ag(g)arb (ad + garb), atód (ad-do-)
apuide, abbuide (ad + buide), aslach (ad-slig), ammus
(ad-mess). In the case of m, however, O'Rahilly, loc. cit.,
80regards adm- as the regular development e.g. admass (ad +
mass), admat (ad + muinethar), admall (ad + mall), admolaid
(ad + m.). Before an original u in follg. syll.: audbirt,
idbart, edbart (*ad-uss-bert), aupaid, epaid (ad-buith).
Before r, l, n appears as á: áram (ad-rím), fo-álgim (*fo-ad-
85log-), áinsem (*ad-nessam). As perfective particle, see Thurn.
Gramm. § 532 . In pretonic position always ad-: ad-ella, ad-
cobra, ad-gládathar, ad-slig, ad-midethar, ad-rími etc. except
before t and d, to which the d is assimilated: attá, atá (ad-tá),
ataimet (ad-daimet). For the forms with infix. pronouns see
Thurn. Gramm. §§ 412, 413 . The fact that ad- and ess- fall
5together before inf. pronouns has sometimes led to ad- being
replaced by as- in pretonic position e.g. as-roilli beside ad-
roilli (prototonic -árilli -áirilli). Sometimes ad- replaces in-
in pretonic position e.g. ad-cumaing (prototonic -ecmaing), see
Thurn. Gramm. § 842 B (1) . Meaning orig. to, towards e.g.
10 ad-gúisi hopes (wishes towards). In many compds. however it
has a purely intensive sense e.g. adúath great terror; admór
very great; admolaid praises highly. See various compds.
below.
See ath-.

15 1 ad n law, custom: a. ¤ .i. dliged, Corm. Y 93 . adh na techta
tuinige . . . a. ¤ do coislead tuinide .i. dligedh na techtand
tuinidi in feraind do som, Laws iv 4.17, 21 Comm. adh n-aen
bescna .i. is inann do reir bafisa gnae no aibind dligedh a
techtaigthi, 18.19 , 20.19 Comm. no a. ¤ deligthi dliged risinni
20romainn, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 (and ZCP xvi 229 ). ?manip
a. ¤ rosuidiged hi comdire . . . cach noad nuibe `were it not for
the law (?) by which . . . has been fixed
', Ériu xii 42.1 . ?adhfhlaith
.i. flaith dlightheach, O'Cl.

? 2 ad: n a. ¤ gl. ador, KZ xxviii 293 .

25 3 ad xsee 2 ed.

ád n g s. áda. Also spelt ág. good luck, prosperity, success: imridh
an t-ágh na fhochoir i.e. fortune favours him, Arch. Hib.
i 90 § x . o rancadar dar sál sair / co n-á. ¤ is co n-ollbladaib,
Met. Dinds. ii 30.2 . sgiamh co n-agh, MR 228.1 . ni dam
30agh-sa a indesen it is not a good thing for me to have to tell it,
Anecd. iii 47.10 . ni ar eirig ádh na amhantur dhoibh,
ALC ii 498.2 . ní ḟaghaim ágh ná éadáil `luck or fortune',
Content. ii 53 . is ádh don tuaith gan luach iona gcaithfeadh
proinn `the common people's lot is not to have their dinner's
35price
', Ó Bruad. ii 20.25 . ní fhéadann an tnúthach . . . ágh a
chomharsan d'fhaigsin, TSh. 9319 . d'ádh éanorchair through
a single lucky shot
? (or perh. to be referred to 2 ág), Aithd.
D. 23.32 . In phrase (atá) d'á. ¤ ar: dol tar a riaghail d'ágh
ort `thou hast the luck to over-step their rule', Studies 1920,
40262.6 . grádh ar m'aire acht a hannsa / ní raibhe d'ádh oramsa,
Aithd. D. 12.23 . dá mbeath d'ádh ar Oileach Néid / fa
soidheach lán a leithéid if fortune favoured O., DDána 76.12 ,
With defining gen. ádh urroma the good fortune to be respected.
DDána 100.22 . laoich uaisle go n-ágh n-oinigh `the noble
45warriors of triumphant honour
', Studies 1920, 567.12 . ádh
orchra i.e. absence of trouble, Aithd. D. 3.3 . Common in
chevilles: mor int adh, Fen. 244.1 . Mamínítus fa mor ag
(: imslan), MacCarthy 312.4 . līth n-ágha, Feis TC 1518 . is
scél ádha, Acall. 659 .

50 adabair n foghabhair, faghabhair, oghabhair. aghabhair f., IGT
Decl.§ 10 . feat, sport, play: reb ┐ abairt ┐ a. ¤ , LU 6298 =
TBC 2457 . lasin n-a. ¤ ┐ lasin siabrad, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ).
cen m'ainmed fom' a. ¤ because of my prank, Met. Dinds. iii
62.104 . matchí churaid Cualṅge / co n-adabraib ualle, TBC
55 3354 . co n-adabraib baisi, IT iii 247.114 . sgaoi d'orcaibh ag
aghabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 331 .

adád n your two see 2 a.

ada(e) adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas,
Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 .
60 níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i.
dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the
deed that has quelled me
', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a
M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, BR 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe
is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir
65in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 .
nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin
biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni
hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca
nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm
70Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv
(C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada,
Met. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided
n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 .
ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a. ¤ na
75suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm. adj
II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting . (a) Of the pre-
rogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart):
cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess
Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . .,
80 PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor
d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige
costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm.
§ 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach
fiasara adha . . . na rig so, BR 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'C. 969
85(H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also:
ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid
taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair
dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .
(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements
etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 .
5 dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i
311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm,
mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it
e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn
chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Met. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note
10also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).