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aithgein n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena,
-ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 . (a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba
20hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 .
comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following
spring
, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a. ¤ duit i.e. enough and to
spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted
.i. in a. ¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .
25(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi
Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin
no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only
of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior
like thee
, TBC 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you
30can be compared only to
, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic
Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Met. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la
haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, FM vi
2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, Buile S. 63 . With
DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as
35nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood
unlike the parents
', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a
haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 .
aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná
iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná
40'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H. 3.18, 62a7 ( O'C. 80 ).
(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a. ¤ . . . lemlacht la mac
. . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab. 30.5 . gurab fíoghair
┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg.
70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis,
45 TSh. 5287 .
(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compen-
sation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegen-
ständen'
, Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent',
Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the
50full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is
implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws:
scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a
marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin
dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it
55is not living
', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro
ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv
392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5
( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch
robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth Gabl.
60 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii
332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf.
the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.:
aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth Gabl. 213 .
dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a. ¤ , 233 .
65 óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent',
notes. cach a. ¤ iar n-indrucus every `a. ¤ ' in full(?), ZCP xvii
59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a
tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'Don. 950
( H. 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a
70ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of
another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 .
a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from
taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic
no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation'
75(of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v
278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a. ¤ the payment of
an equivalent
', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . .
aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At
Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg.
80classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc.,
Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein,
ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a. ¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar
diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina,
ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP
85 xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra
(leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i
168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach
edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama
`das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'),
Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .
5 In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or
mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate
distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a. ¤ with
regard to different categories of trees. Here a. ¤ means `only a
diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the
10seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the
remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy,
Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé
cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a
cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not
15liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also:
bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not
mention their compensation
(of the liability incurred by
mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg.
there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca
20aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na
con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9
Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho
nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'Don. 908 ( H. 3.17,
648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution
25sevenfold
, BR 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

aithgeinemain n f. = aithgein (a): iarsin athgene[m]ain . . . frith
isin bathis regeneration, LB 257b70 . annsa naithgheineamh-
uin, Matth. xix 28 . tre ionnlad na haithghineamhna, Tit. iii 5 .

aithgeinid v(aithgein) begets anew, regenerates: do aithghin sé
30sinne, James i 18 . Iosa Chríosd noch do aithghin sinn do
réir a mhor throcaire, 1 Pet. i 3 . Cf. ad-gainethar.

aithgéire n(aithgér) great sharpness, keenness: co n-aithgeri
altan, CCath. 5304 . Hence greed, hunger: do chosc aithgeire a
druäd, Met. Dinds. iv 338.16 . athgēri no occuras, Aisl. MC
35 81.32 . ar n-á. ¤ ┐ ar n-ítu do choscc, Acall. 5062 .

aithgellaid v(gellaid): gealltar mallbha ag Aifreann uadh / do
aithgheall sduagh Annla ór the prince of A. has repeatedly
(in addition?) promised gold
, DDána 106.29 .

aithgellta part. of aithgellaid: Talamh aithgellta na Naemh
40 promised land, BNnÉ 50 § 37 .

aithgeltacht n(geltacht) renewed madness: ni rachainn ar an aith-
gealtacht, Buile S. 62 .

aithgen n(1 gen): tibre tretan bith a. ¤ , Gael. 50 140 , `the smile
will be wiped from the face of the seas
', Bláthm. 944 .

45 áithgéod xsee áithchéo(d).

aithgér adj(gér) (somet. áith + gér?) very sharp: a chromscíath co
n-a bil áithgéir ailtnidi, LU 6431 (TBC). a cholg dét a. ¤
urnocht, MU² 541 . ingne aithghéra . . . in seabaic, CCath.
4031 . soighead áithghéar, TD 16.66 . for barr cech oen ruainne
50do'n fult aggarb aithgher `bristly', MR 20.6 . Of ground: ba
huathmar athger acgarb ind roi sin, BB 433b19 . Extended
uses: fer . . . amnus athghér (aicher v.l.), CCath. 349 . ath-
cossan n-athgér n-athcharatraid, TBC 3407 . aithgera ar cait
our cats are ravenous, Hib. Min. 66.16 (see under aithgéire).

55 aithgerr adj(gerr) very short, very brief . Of time: don tsaoghal
aithghearr fhallsa, Dán Dé xvii 8 . a bpéin aithghirr aim-
siorrdha, Parrth. Anma 2944 . do galar aithgearr, FM iii
414.7 . suim aithghearr na staire, Keat. iii 2469 . laoi leabhra
is aithghearr uaidhe `fleet are the long days', TD 5.3 . Of
60space: múinfiod shligheidh n-aithghirr dhuit, Desid. 589 . Of
quantity: gémadh aithghearr í fa fhíon short of wine (?),
DDána 103.24 . Compar. múinfidh meisi eólas as aithghiorra
ina sin duit, Desid. 607 . Adv. go haithghearr tar éis a ndénta,
DDána 31.6 . foillsighidh go huaigneach aithghearr `concisely',
65 Desid. 12 .
As subst.: le haithghearr aon-uaire in a brief space, TSh.
572 . cuirfidh sé a naithghearr é will cut it short, Rom. ix 28 .
muna déanaidh se aithgearr tre Baile na hÍnse short cut,
Iar Conn. 284.21 . Cf. ag áiremh chaithrem is chrech / nar
70ghabh tu an taithger direc[h], Rel. Celt. ii 297.21 .

aithgerracht n(aithgerr) shortening: go dtug an guidhe . . . aith-
ghearracht pianta dóibh, ZCP iv 440.6 .

aithgerrad n(aithgerr) a. ¤ aimsire passing the time, pastime: gan
imirt, gan ól fleidhe / gan aithghearradh aimsire, Ériu viii
75192.22 . comadh . . . aithgherreadh aimsire duinn a n-eis-
deacht, TBC p. 731 n.2 .

aithgid xsee áithchid.

aithgin xsee aithgein.

aithgirra n f. (aithgerr) m. in: an t-aithghiorra, Maguires of F.
80 § 88 . shortness, brevity . Of time: fa chend aithgirre ina
dhiaidh sin in a short time after that, ALC ii 196.23 . táinig
aithghiorra ar a laethibh, Maguires of F. 98 . cur mh'eág-sa
i n-aithghiorra to hasten my death, Dánta Gr. 61.29 . ris an
aithghearra céadna brevity, Corp. Astron. 36.5 . Of distance
85 short cut: an casán . . . ina bhfuil an aithghiorra, Desid. 3279 .
an aithghiorra tré shlighidh na subhāilcedh dochum foirbh-
theachda Parrth. Anma 6284 . aithgiorra sliccedh (sic leg.),
BNnÉ 229 § 135 . ro triall i n aithgiorra gacha conaire, FM vi
2144.19 .
Perh. also: do munadh luith ┐ lamhaigh ┐ gaisgidh ┐ aith-
5iorach (.i. aithgherrach) gacha ceirde dó elements (?), BNnÉ
3 n.6 .