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aithmes n(1 mes(s)?, 2 mes(s)?) Appar. decline, decay: aithmes
.i. traghad ut est a Corbmaic, coisc do maicne / na rob i
n-aithmess t'aicme, O'Dav. 173 ( YBL 140b24 ). = i n-athmius aicmi, LL 19125 . tria cumhacta
nat a. ¤ , Gael. 50, 129 `undecaying', Bláthm. 374 . do-cain . . .
85cen greis / ind enlaid caim cen aithmeis, SR 1022 . tīr co
n-athmes (: athles), ZCP viii 196 § 16 . ? Bile Tortan . . . /
. . ./ atá sunn ón úair ba glass / cosin lathe bas n-aithmess
(: graifnes) `until the day when it will be decayed', Met.
Dinds. iv 240.7 .

aithmet o vn. of ad-muinethar, Ped. ii 580 . commemoration:
5 inmain a. ¤ , Fél. Sept. 19 . i mórféil a haithmit (a haithmet,
mor feil cata thaithmet v.l.), Aug. 15 . ? suabais n-a. ¤ , LL
311b25 . cuimniugad nó aithmed, Dinds. 20 ( RC xv 317 ).
As n. pr. húi Aithmit Caiss, LL 313a27 .

aithminiugud n(míniugud): aithminigud . . . forsin Mordail
10` re-explanation ' (different account?), RC xx 46.10 (ACC).

aithmínlech n(mínlech) second pasture(?): do leirg athguirt
athmínligh, Cath MT 753 .

aithmire n(mire) renewed madness: ni rachainn ar a. ¤ , Buile
Ṡ. 67 .

15 1 aithne io, n. Later f. Vn. of ad-noí. In later lang. with dental
inflexion in pl. n p. aitheanta, DDána 20.4 . aichenta, SG
16.32 . g p. aitheantadh, TSh. 9691 . Note also n p. aithnighi,
ZCP vi 83.22 .
Act of depositing, handing over, entrusting. In Laws used of
20the handing over or depositing of any object of value with
another person apparently either for safe keeping or on loan;
also of the object so handed over, abstract and concrete
applications not being distinguished. ? atait secht treaba . . .
ariscuille coir urnadhma a. ¤ ar cia loiscear ni tuillit aithgin
25 seven houses in which according to correct procedure for binding
contracts a pledge may not legally be deposited
(?), Laws v
160.2 . secht n-a. ¤ . . . na dlegat a taisic seven deposits . . .
which need not be returned
, 190.13 . atait secht n-a. ¤ . . .
dlegait a taisic . . . a. ¤ laime do laim etc. seven deposits which
30must be restored
, 196.1 . na huile a. ¤ uile ro haithnighedh do
duine all the deposits which have been entrusted to him (= sét,
5 Comm.), ii 304.15 Comm. trian isan a. ¤ naenuaire `for
taking charge of property for one hour
' (during a battle), iii
218.23 Comm. cidh fodera co fuil trian ar a na. ¤ seo ┐ co na
35fuil acht dechmadh is na aithnibh aile? 220.3 Comm. cid
fodera co na fuil acht leth fiach isin a. ¤ so ┐ co fuil lan fiach isin
na. ¤ eile? 500.13 Comm. aithni láime . . . a. ¤ sula . . . a. ¤ tengad,
O'Don. 938 - 9 ( H. 3.17, 659a ). ingairi an aithni, O'C. 240
( H. 3.18, p. 135 ). an a. ¤ do dena duine d'a cheile . . . da ndechad
40amugha as ic do, O'C. 302 (ib. p. 166). a slechtaib aithni . . . don
tí da tugad ar oin no ar a. ¤ , 2460 ( Eg. 88, fo. 37(38)c ). in
cutruma . . . do ic o fir in tigi re fir na ha. ¤ , O'D. 348 ( H. 3.17,
c. 268 ). corus aithni aracan fénechus, 938 ( H. 3.17, c.
659a ). O'Dav. 692 . im oin ┐ im a. ¤ ┐ im airlegad, Laws ii
45280.4 Comm. sét óna no a. ¤ , i 248.11 Comm.
In non-legal texts: a n-a. ¤ gl. depositum, Sg. 66a26 . maraith
sercc céin mardda a. ¤ love remains as long as gifts (?) remain,
Thes. ii xxii 1 . tri dorcha in betha: a. ¤ , ráthaiges, altrom
`giving a thing into keeping', Triads 249 . trí a. ¤ na dlegat
50taisec: a. ¤ n-écuind ┐ ardneimid ┐ a. ¤ fuirmeda, 157 . atcota
aichne augra `giving in charge begets strife', RC xlv 63 § 17
( Anecd. iii 11.13 ). aithnedh (a. ¤ , v.l.) tāinic ūad / ara rīsedh
slān `the deposit that came from him' (i.e. the soul), Ériu iv
238 § 17 . cach n-aithni co coimdi every pledge is to be protected,
55 Arch. iii 228.73 . ba comrar aithni tuath ┐ ilcinel na h-uili
Aissia it was a chest for the wealth of all the peoples and races
of Asia
(of a city), BB 444a32 . In cheville: dob olc an aithne,
Content. xvi 70 . Of entrusting a person to another's care:
dursan dam t'aithni dot aileamain . . . do mnui meblaig I am
60loathe to entrust you for nurturing to a treacherous woman
, TTebe
2234 . do chaithfinn m'a. ¤ d'Iosa I must commend myself to
Christ
, Dán Dé i 2 . sinn don aingeal gar n-a. ¤ (i.e. Michael),
DDána 99.44 .
(b) act of commanding, enforcing; command, behest: a a. ¤
65do cogad do dhenamh `exorting him to fight', Cog. 147 n.12 .
ar a. ¤ m'uachtráin at the behest of my superior, MS. Mat.
550.14 . cuiriss (viz. an pápa) a letrecha ┐ a a. ¤ co n-a shēla
mōr go priōir L., Fl. Earls 142.16 . ro thōcoibset na doctūir-
idhe de ier gcor a. ¤ i n-a aghaidh against his orders(?), 144.18 .
70 ní droch-a. ¤ dhamh `it is not a bad principle of mine', Content.
xviii 112 . Of enforcing payment of debt: rīg do aithne na
fhīach, Aisl. MC 45.25 . ? élud a. ¤ athgabáil, Met. Dinds. iii
18.224 (things not allowed during an assembly). In script-
ural sense commandment: ga mhéud a. ¤ ann? — deich n-aith-
75enta, Parrth. Anma 2120 . tuccad na haithnedha do Móyci,
Maund. 48 . crann na ha. ¤ (the forbidden tree of Paradise),
Dán Dé iii 6, 13 . mar do choill Éabha an a. ¤ , DDána 6.8 .
cúig a. ¤ na heaguilse the five precepts of the church, Mac
Aingil² 3104 . cuirid fa a. ¤ ar enjoins on: do cuir fa a. ¤ orra dul
80isin oilen he enjoined on them to go to the island, ZCP xi 122.17 .
cor chuir Dia fa a. ¤ ar C.C. rí Alpan do denamh d'Aedhan,
126.11 . a cur fa a. ¤ orra gan Cormac do chur docum bais,
BCC 278.23 .

2 aithne O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte,
85 PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid).
Vn. of ad-gnin, Ped. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .
(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge,
recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml.
42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus
Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do
5menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad peniten-
tiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di
aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as
ionad anma d'a. ¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid
catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was
10being kept
, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without
knowing his letters
, Trip.² 97 . a. ¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama,
IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da
togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB
6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 .
15 gin gur ghabhuis a. ¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't
told by me
, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni,
O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a. ¤ (of the Trinity).
DDána 25.6 . a. ¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta
ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a. ¤ to my knowledge,
20 Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .
Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar
Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 ,
do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 .
Cf. a. ¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd.
252.6 . dlighidh a. ¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . .
dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .
Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha. ¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know
no refuse among them
, O'R. Poems 3161 . a. ¤ dhamh go
bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .
30Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a. ¤ `are you my acquaintance?'
Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a. ¤ `he whom you
know
', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na. ¤ ┐
bhur neamha. ¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 .
cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a. ¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR
35 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252
(3 aithnid?).
Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized;
characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a. ¤
na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i.
40comaircim caiti a. ¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.
(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to
know:
cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a. ¤ , Laws i
142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar
hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech
45alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a
maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh
ag a. ¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, FM v 1646.27 .
doním tar muir d'a. ¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 .
ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 .
50 ar n-a. ¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb.
and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i
144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl
recognized that he was not A.
, IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.).
sáilim a. ¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I
55think I recognize (him) by his clear voice
, Prolegomena 44 § 16 .
míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a. ¤ got to
know them
, DDána 10.39 .
In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg.
accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram
60achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100
( Im. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a
mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books
before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them
(?)',
Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou
65didst not recognize him
, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid
fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron.
3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a. ¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí
ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `per-
ceived
', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a. ¤ gur `he knew that',
70 Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a. ¤ doberudh go
becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .
Do-beir a. ¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only):
dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi,
LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize
75them for
, TBC 1247 . as é sin do ber a. ¤ ar galar in duine,
5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm.
80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a. ¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex.
555 .
(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his
80patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha. ¤ , O'R. Poems
71 . fear a. ¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra,
1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a. ¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a
poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha. ¤
do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, MacKinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug
85séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad.
i 204 xvii .
(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná
generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na
einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit
was clearest in his countenance
', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a. ¤ si
5 a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .