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2 aithne O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte,
85 PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid).
Vn. of ad-gnin, Ped. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .
(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge,
recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml.
42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus
Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do
5menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad peniten-
tiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di
aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as
ionad anma d'a. ¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid
catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was
10being kept
, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without
knowing his letters
, Trip.² 97 . a. ¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama,
IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da
togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB
6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 .
15 gin gur ghabhuis a. ¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't
told by me
, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni,
O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a. ¤ (of the Trinity).
DDána 25.6 . a. ¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta
ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a. ¤ to my knowledge,
20 Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .
Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar
Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 ,
do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 .
Cf. a. ¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd.
252.6 . dlighidh a. ¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . .
dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .
Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha. ¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know
no refuse among them
, O'R. Poems 3161 . a. ¤ dhamh go
bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .
30Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a. ¤ `are you my acquaintance?'
Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a. ¤ `he whom you
know
', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na. ¤ ┐
bhur neamha. ¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 .
cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a. ¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR
35 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252
(3 aithnid?).
Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized;
characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a. ¤
na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i.
40comaircim caiti a. ¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.
(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to
know:
cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a. ¤ , Laws i
142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar
hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech
45alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a
maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh
ag a. ¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, FM v 1646.27 .
doním tar muir d'a. ¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 .
ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 .
50 ar n-a. ¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb.
and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i
144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl
recognized that he was not A.
, IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.).
sáilim a. ¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I
55think I recognize (him) by his clear voice
, Prolegomena 44 § 16 .
míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a. ¤ got to
know them
, DDána 10.39 .
In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg.
accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram
60achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100
( Im. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a
mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books
before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them
(?)',
Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou
65didst not recognize him
, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid
fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron.
3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a. ¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí
ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `per-
ceived
', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a. ¤ gur `he knew that',
70 Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a. ¤ doberudh go
becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .
Do-beir a. ¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only):
dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi,
LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize
75them for
, TBC 1247 . as é sin do ber a. ¤ ar galar in duine,
5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm.
80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a. ¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex.
555 .
(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his
80patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha. ¤ , O'R. Poems
71 . fear a. ¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra,
1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a. ¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a
poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha. ¤
do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, MacKinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug
85séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad.
i 204 xvii .
(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná
generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na
einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit
was clearest in his countenance
', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a. ¤ si
5 a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .