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70 1 adaig nlater also aidche, oidche. iā, f. (see Thurn. Gramm.
§ 93 ). adhaigh f. (g s. na hoidhche ), IGT Decl. § 93 . Early
forms: n s. adaig, Ml. 140c3 . a s. aithchi, 95d9 . aidchi, Trip.²
2451 . g s. aithche, Ml. 95d10 . aidche, 21c3 . d s. aidchi, 62c6b .
aithchi, 30a4 . adaig, LU 4781 (TBC). n p. aidchi, Trip.² 279 .
75 a p. aithgi, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.) g p. aidhce, Moling § 2 .
d p. aidchib, MU² 127 .
Night: a. ¤ tar æsi laíthi, Ml. 21c3 . ni bí a. ¤ daitsiu, 140c3 .
co roleg in nord neclastacda uile i noen aidche, Thes. ii 308.3 .
a. ¤ imlan, SR 20 . nocho rabi a. ¤ hi Maig Inis acht soillsi
80ainglecda and, Trip.² 2997 . nip sí sin a. ¤ bá sámam dóib, LU
4683 (TBC). combo chomsolus lá ┐ a. ¤ , 8056 ( FB 2 ). cach fer
díb a aidchi do ḟairi na cathrach, each man had his night for
guarding the town
, 9051 (ib. 80 ). midmedón aidchi, MU² 219 .
urd aen laithi no aon oidchi, Laws i 22.24 . scela na haidche
85arér, PH 3203 . is fri aidchi dodéchatar chuccae by night
(= contra noctem, Lat. Lives 18 ), Trip.² 2452 . loisc . . .
longport Amlaib re naidchi, `before nightfall', Cog. 32.10 .
fuair Ioseph . . ./ ar chionn oidche . . ./ áit, a place to stop the
night
, DDána 17.7 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-
ghéanta . . ./ lá geal gémadh adhaigh é, 2.13 . gemhaidhchi
5geimridh, ZCP vi 59.9 . oidhcheadha tuirseacha, Job vii 3 .
feis aidchi evening meal, see 2 feis. nocht .i. aidche, ut est
tabair mo miach cruithnechta cach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee,
O'Dav. 1285 .
In accus., gen. and dat. as adv. of time. Accus.: in naithchi
10n-uili during the whole night, Ml. 95d9 . amal nongnetis ón
gním in n-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . ni gleter dala lasna Déisi acht
in n-aidchi Trip.² 2451 . canaid cét salm cech naidchi, Thes.
ii 315.5 (Hy. ii). cach nómad n-aidche BDD² 174 . cech
noidci, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . nuall-ghul gach n-oidche, TSh. 6430 .
15 adhaig n-aen ann, BNnÉ 310 § 35 . Prob. also: doluid Duaid
. . . aidchi roboi cucu inna ndunad `D. went one evening to
them into their camp
', Ml. 55c1 . in aidchi in gene `on the night
of the birth
', Wb. 28c12 . suánemuin do dénum in aidchi,
24d14 , 26b17 . lasse immerordus in aidchi, Ml. 96a3 . in a. ¤
20-sin . . . ro-saerait na maccu, PH 412 . an adhaigh rug Muire
mac, DDána 15.9 . an adhuighsin, TD 8.13 . tánag adhaigh
go hEas gCaoille one night, 25.1 . Dat.: trissa n-ínnaide arane-
tersi ind aidchi (?leg. isind a. ¤ , edd.) `in the night', Ml. 42c23 .
ind aidhche, Gael. 50, 128 (`at night', Bláthm. 325 ). isind
25aidchi dudchoisgedar `on the night that follows it', Ml. 62c6b . ní
airgénsat bíada dóib ind a. ¤ sin, LU 4780 (TBC). In pl. Dia do
adhradh aidhc[h]ibh laithib by night and day, ZCP viii 198.24 .
Gen.: orggaid .c. fer cacha aidche diib, LU 5583 (TBC).
In phrase (n)d'a. ¤ (where (n)d- is the remnant of the article,
30see Thurn. Gramm. p. 161 ) that night (i.e. the night following
a specified day): con-tuili íarom [i]nd adig (ndadig, ṅdadaig
v.ll.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 37 § 5 . faeiss ind ingen dádaig
leis, LL 11308 . anais . . . ann a lla n-isin . . . ┐ in n-aidchi
d'adhaig `that day and the following night', Ériu xii 146 § 7
35(TE2). co fargdais cuit na aidchi d'ádaig until they should
have left behind (sufficient for) the evening meal that night
, TBC
1954 . an fer muirse anocht dot marbud himbaruch d'adhuigh,
ZCP iv 176 § 95 . tigid . . . uili amārach d'agaid, Death-tales
40.1 . Dun Gaillmhe do losccadh arabhárach d'adhaigh FM ii
401144.8 .
In reckoning periods of time (cf. Engl. fortnight, se'nnight):
do galur tri noidhche, AU ii 28.3 . do trib cethorchait aidci
`thrice forty nights', Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . foidsi S. o ruan
iii aithgi lais cu M. ┐ anis .iii. aithgi la suide, Thes. ii 242.13
45(Ardm.). anait sidi leis trí laa ┐ tēora aidchi, Sc.M² 4 . re ré
cethrachat aidhchi in corgais, Laws i 196.2 Comm. iar teora
aidhcib, v 320.11 . damnatar la trí laaib ┐ aidchib ic ól, MU²
127 . ré cetheora n-oidhche con a láibh, Hugh Roe 30.18 . ro
troicset trī lā cona n-oighthibh, Ir. Texts i 43.28 . a. ¤ longpuirt
50 a night's encampment: aidce longphort (leg. -phuirt), CCath.
3444 . do batar a. ¤ longphuirt inte, Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . badar
da oidche longphuirt ag E., FM iii 348.15 .
Eve of a day or festival: i n-aidche lúain (i.e. Sunday night),
Ériu ii 206 § 26 . in ṅadaig ré notlaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . in his
55tribus noctibus .i. aidchi dardáoin aidchi sathairn ┐ aidchi
ndomnaich, Mon. Tall. 132. 26 (§ 14). o espartain aidchi
domnaig co hanteirt día lúain, LU 1918 . dia Sathairn .i.
oidche chásga Easter Eve, Ériu i 92 § 42 . aidchi fhele Laegairi,
Lism. L. 268 . aidchi samna `the eve of samain', RC xxiv 178.17 .
60See caidche.

2 adaig nIn phrase a. ¤ etarba. Perhaps originally same word
as 1 a. Used in concrete sense of something which divides,
separates , see Thurn. ZCP xx 359 . fiad cacha feda a. ¤ eadarba
co ndeith bire, feam cacha trachta (in a list of things suitable
65for everyone (ada comdilsi do cach recht), Laws v 482.z .i.
in adaigh bis etarru, itir na ferandaib, co ndeithbirius aici
for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.22 Comm. slabrad for chimig,
adaigh eatarba i nglas 484.5 (? some kind of obstruction
between the legs to prevent quick movement
). ingraide tire
70.i. ingraid a hindi a comaititin in comaithchi ina thir .i. da
aichi no a trí etarbai itir do ceili, Laws iv 48.19 = ingrege .i.
innretha .i. di a. ¤ etarbai no theoir hi tir do cheli, O'C. 859
( H 3.18, 388b ) (? a boundary barrier).

3 adaig n name of a species of bird (see Wortk. 12 ): ha. ¤ , droen,
75truiteoc, querc (of bird-ogam), Auraic. 5694 .

ad-aig vUsually given as compd. of aigid ( Ped. ii 451 ), but in
conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig,
a verb of the type described Thurn. Gramm. § 543 (a)
(ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only
80and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological
inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.
Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 .
3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl.
adagatar, Críth Gabl. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC² 935 .
85 Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n
-agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 .
Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12
v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár LU 5344 .
atachtsat, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl.
adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb.
5 at(n)aigid.
(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you
to it
?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch
dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what
thou doest
', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi
10dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that
may have been done to you
?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen
atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid
do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of
the sea impels one to drink
', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó
15assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó
for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht
mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér
. . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar
gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra
20histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . .
docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i
nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanc-
tuary
', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinster-
men before him
, LL 4899 . a. ¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in
25crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim
luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ?adadar
(adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr.
xiv 114.13 .
(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin
30sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ).
benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, Aisl. MC 65.11
( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a
formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F.
grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form
35influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts
him under it again
(of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) =
TBC² 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at
agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii
122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it
40(of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they
ravage them
LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they
prosecute a valiant fight
TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for
Jacob, LB 114a5 . a. ¤ aithne (for) recognises: adhnaigh
Cairpri aichne conarbé Mac Con C. recognised that he was not
45Mac Con
, Anecd. ii 79 § 7 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair,
IT i 126.9 .
(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha
foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu
`he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat
50(.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . atnagar rátha
┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, Aisl. MC
23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 .
cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'C. 830 (H 3.18,
380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M.
55obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf
, BB 241a47 =
atnaig LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .
(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐
atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598
= dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád
60don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 .
ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi
Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na
cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 44.22 .
adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender
65it
, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia
claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL
329a7 .
(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 .
atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis
70 they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .
(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat
(atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi
382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé
Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta
75ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon
for aird, LL 12897 .
(g) a. ¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai
an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .
(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait
80(leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set
to wrestling
, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv
102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig
Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig
`he began smacking his lips', Aisl. MC 47.12 . Note also:
85 atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Met. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig
for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .
(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig
remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass,
Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern
strife
', Met. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he
5betook himself to flight
', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i
m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain
student
, Aisl. MC 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig RC
v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina
dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair,
10 Aisl. MC 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z . Impers. atnagar hi
cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .