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ad-aig vUsually given as compd. of aigid ( Ped. ii 451 ), but in
conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig,
a verb of the type described Thurn. Gramm. § 543 (a)
(ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only
80and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological
inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.
Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 .
3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl.
adagatar, Críth Gabl. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC² 935 .
85 Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n
-agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 .
Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12
v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár LU 5344 .
atachtsat, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl.
adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb.
5 at(n)aigid.
(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you
to it
?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch
dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what
thou doest
', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi
10dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that
may have been done to you
?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen
atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid
do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of
the sea impels one to drink
', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó
15assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó
for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht
mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér
. . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar
gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra
20histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . .
docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i
nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanc-
tuary
', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinster-
men before him
, LL 4899 . a. ¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in
25crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim
luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ?adadar
(adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr.
xiv 114.13 .
(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin
30sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ).
benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, Aisl. MC 65.11
( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a
formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F.
grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form
35influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts
him under it again
(of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) =
TBC² 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at
agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii
122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it
40(of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they
ravage them
LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they
prosecute a valiant fight
TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for
Jacob, LB 114a5 . a. ¤ aithne (for) recognises: adhnaigh
Cairpri aichne conarbé Mac Con C. recognised that he was not
45Mac Con
, Anecd. ii 79 § 7 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair,
IT i 126.9 .
(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha
foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu
`he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat
50(.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab. 116.16 . atnagar rátha
┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, Aisl. MC
23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 .
cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'C. 830 (H 3.18,
380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M.
55obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf
, BB 241a47 =
atnaig LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .
(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐
atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598
= dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád
60don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 .
ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi
Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na
cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 44.22 .
adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender
65it
, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia
claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL
329a7 .
(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 .
atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis
70 they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .
(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat
(atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi
382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé
Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta
75ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon
for aird, LL 12897 .
(g) a. ¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai
an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .
(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait
80(leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set
to wrestling
, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv
102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig
Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig
`he began smacking his lips', Aisl. MC 47.12 . Note also:
85 atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Met. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig
for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .
(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig
remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass,
Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern
strife
', Met. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he
5betook himself to flight
', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i
m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain
student
, Aisl. MC 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig RC
v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina
dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair,
10 Aisl. MC 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z . Impers. atnagar hi
cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

adaigthe xsee ad-daí.

adailc xsee adlaic.

adáilgen adj very meek , P. O'C.

15 adailgne xsee aidilccne.

ad-aim v(ad- for pretonic ind-, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 454 ).
washes: intan ad-n-aim duine a chosa ┐ a lāma indlat innsin,
Corm. Y 597 = atnaim, LB 267a55 . adhaim a chossa hi
Labrinni, LU 10962 ( Im. Brain 47.1 ).
20 Cf. ind-aim.

adaint f. Late vn. of ad-annai. adhaint f. (g s. and n p. adhainte,
adhanta), IGT Decl. § 42 . Vbs. § 46. act of kindling, lighting:
t'ferg d'adhaint, ZCP ii 356.4 . dá dhamhna an easráin
d'adhuint, DDána 73.11 . a rann oirbhire dh'adhuint (of a
25chief), Aithd. D. 46.22 . adhaint uilc, Measgra D. 51.7 . ?is
aimsir adhanta dóib (of stars), RC xxiv 379.3 . na scéla
indluig d'aghuint to set going slanderous tales, Ériu iv 212.4 .
Intrans. ó tá an easaonta ag adhaint, TD 18.13 . mailís
Thaidhg ag adhaint mar smól dubh, E. O'Rahilly 54.90 .
30See adannad.

? 1 adair v ba baeth meni a. ¤ rún / ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR
5955 (? 2 s. pres. subj. of ad-air-icc, VSR p. 55 ).

? 2 adair: ind is meisech caich (leg. cách?) co ha., Hib. Min. 66.4 .

adaircech xsee adarcach.

35 adaircín n(adarc). Also adarcán. little horn: doaidlebha mh'adh-
aircín / do dhoirtfe mo dhubh, Lism. L. 1050 . benfaid frim
a. ¤ , Thr. Hom. 120.11 . Name of a drinking-horn: Adharcán
corn bói ac Diarmait, Acall. 136 . touchet or lapwing , P. O'C.
( ZCP vii 382 ). Cf. adercéne

40 1 adairt late form of vn. of 1 and 2 adraid (see O'Rahilly, Sc.
G. St. i 33 ). adhairt (aghairt, aghuirt v.l.) `lochdach', IGT
Vbs.§ 46 . naem in druth ┐ ag adhairt do Dia bis, O'C. 554
( H. 3. 18, 22 ). na radairc do-chim do chnoccaibh / aduirt
(aghairt v.l.) díb nír docair dam l., ex. 413 . gé táim ag
45adhairt d'iul cham, PBocht 119 § 3 .

2 adairt xsee adart.

ad-ais vIn dep. position usually -ais, see Thurn. Gramm. § 543
(a) By Hull, Language xxiii 422 - 3 and ZCP xxviii 258 - 9
taken as meaning fears: ess ann is etoil duiniv an tan is lān
50dērcae imthēd co ndēirc, adnais (atnas v.l.) cech n-olc,
cartha cech maith hates (?), ZCP iii 448.5 . aghus Dia, 7 .
a n-adais ïer mbās, 454.19 . cia t'ainmsiu . . . nachit ais
nachit chara, LU 5797 (TBC). isbert Lug . . . nachadais
nachadcaru, ZCP xii 404.4 . on do ḟiur adnaiset gruaidi Laws
55 v 370.6 `lit. a loan to a man whom cheeks fear i.e. a man whom
honour fears, a dishonourable person
', Hull, ZCP xxviii 258 .
ni ais tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta . . ., O'Mulc.
110 = ni aiss t. na mid nais, H 3.18, 75 a20 . rolā a moing dar
a hais / cride maith recht nodaais, Fianaig. 16 § 43 .

60 ad-aittreba v(cf. ad-treba). inhabits, possesses: adroillem
adaittrebam / oentaid aingel cech tratha, SR 8385 . rōisim hi
flaith in rí[g] sin, ataroaitrebham may we inhabit it, ZCP iv
243.34 .

adal xsee 2 áel.

65 1 adall o, [n.]. Vn. of ad-ella. act of visiting, frequently visit:
cuit adíll, Wb. 14a8 . airis cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini
`for it is only a passing visit they make to the vine', Ml. 102a15 .
noi ṅ-gruadaire noi n-gabaind / cen chin acht cin a n-adhaill
(: baraind), for no crime other than that he chanced to meet
70them
, IT ii 185.280 . ba bēs dō dogres a n-a. ¤ ┐ a tadall oc
teacht ┐ oc tuideacht, TBC² 493 . nípa hécen . . . ha. ¤ messai
dóib `they shall not need to come to judgement', Mon. Tall.
129.z (§ 6) . cen a. ¤ fulachta, RC iii 176.17 . a. ¤ tige breitheman,
Laws iii 326.13 . cen adhall fine aco, iv 350.1 Comm. in
75t-urnaidm ar adhall, v 216.15 Comm. Occas. act of touching
(in sexual sense), polluting (cf. tadall): adhall .i. truailledh no
peacadh, O'C. 1474 (H 3. 18, 653). O'Cl. a. ¤ .i. ab adult[er]o ,
O'Mulc. 73 .

? 2 adall: n ocht n-eich co n-adhallaibh (conall, v.l.) argaid,
80 BR 156.7 (= co srianaibh in passage in poem 162.10 ). See
2 all.

adaltair n(Lat. adulter): a. ¤ .i. e. ab adulterio .i. ōn adaltras,
Corm. Y 8 .

adaltrach (adaltair) I As adj. o, ā adulterous: mná adaltracha,
85 LU 2219 ( FA § 29 ). in t-í ro-p a. ¤ co ru-b genmnaid, PH 5619 .
dia mbat sáithech . . . bidat úallach, a. ¤ , ZCP vii 298.17 .
II nAs subst. m. and f. adulterer; adulteress: fornicarius .i.
adhalltrach, Ir. Gl. 619 . do adhaltrachaib in betha, O'Dav.
121 . ar chor oile . . . chéastar an t-adhaltrach, TSh. 6482 .
Fig. Mael-Sechlainn . . . a. ¤ uallach Uisnigh proud adulterer
5(i.e. usurper) of U., MacCarthy 426 § 5 . In Laws freq. con-
trasted with cémuinter in sense of second(ary) wife of lower
status, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 , 84ff. , ZCP xiv 375, xv 359 ,
Binchy, Ling. and hist. value of Irish law-tracts 219 ).
fuil fearus cetmuindtir oc etach techta for adhaltraigh do
10taet for a ceand, Laws v 142.7 . is fiachach cach a. ¤ do-t[h]et
for cend cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . as-renar
laneraic . . . i cetmuinter . . . leithe(i)raic mad adaltracha
(i n-adultrucha, v.l.) half eric when it is a question of secondary
wives
, 71 § 35 . meic na adaltraige urnadma . . . mac na
15adaltraige foxail, Cóic Con. Fug. 44 § 71 . a. ¤ urnadma co
macu, Ir. Recht 54.31 . in inbaid bis clann cetmuinntire ┐ fine,
no clann cetmuinntire ┐ clann adaltraige, no clann cetmuinn-
tire ┐ fear adaltraige gin clainn it da trian do clainn cetmuin-
tire ┐ trian do cach æ dib so, 53 § ix . in a. ¤ co macaib a roga di
20inn e a fer no a fine no a mac do-gena tobach di . . . in cetmuin-
ter nochon-uil a roga di acht a fer do tobach, 59 § xiii .
adaltracha iarna urnaidm, Laws v 480.17 . cor mna sech a
celi .i. in a. ¤ cen clainn, Laws i 52.32 Comm. tiucfaid in
cetmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hi, ticfaid a fear,
25 v 226.11 Comm. arna tucthar cland a. ¤ na ban taide don
eclais, Laws iii 38.20 Comm.