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amainse n[iā, f.] (amnas). See Zimmer, KZ xxx 96 - 8 .
(a) sharpness, hence fierceness, harshness, severity (of persons):
cosmail fri delg ar amuinnsi, H 3.17, 86.11 . amandsi ┐
60faobruidhi ind fir, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 . ar a n-aniardacht ┐ ar a
n-amhainsi (of warriors), TBC 5653 . nír bo mór amainsi
cáich dib fri áraile, LU 1232 (`cunning', Im. Brain ii 295 ).
cairigud cech n-aimlere / cen amainsi, cin nāire, ZCP vii
311 § 10 . fri mnai mir co mínaire co n-amainnsi nuall-
65braisi, LL 386a49 .
(b) astuteness, cleverness, subtlety (in good sense): ar gaís
ar áine ar a. ¤ , LU 10299 . in cóiced [súalaig] in trebaire
(.i. a. ¤ ), PH 6853 . ar amuinnsi ngaisi, Laws v 28.12 Comm.
cetheora aibgitre gaisi .i. cethre bunaidh na hamainnsi,
70 O'Dav. 1 . gach diamair dhana, gach amhainsi ealathan
. . . do cuisin, Leb. Gab. 172.10 . liubhra ┐ ealadhna lána
d'amhainsi ┐ d'inntleacht, FM ii 924.10 . ruc Íth de brithem-
naib Herend ar a. ¤ ┐ ar thacra, LL 1477 ( Leb. Gab. 244.17 ).
amainsi acra astute litigation(?), O'C. 453 ( H. 3.18, 242 )
75(see féig). go namhainsi indtleachta ┐ aigneadh, FM vi
2374.1 . mo amainsi do Énna, ZCP viii 305.3 . a n-uaill
┐ a n-amainsi ┐ a n-irdarcus na muintiri sin, Anecd. ii 49.4 .
amuinsi a n-Grégcuib (as a national characteristic), ZCP i
112.18 . amal bói dia amainsi as he was so astute, Alex.
80 1015 = a amaindsi ┐ a glicca, BB 499b18 .
Hence (c) cunning, craft in bad sense: ar do glicce ar th'a. ¤ ,
SR 1140 = ar th'a. ¤ ┐ ar do thuaichli, MacCarthy 50.12 ( LB
110b15 ). a rurcc a tíachra ┐ a n-amainsi (of temptations),
ZCP vi 258.8 . With special idea of magical skill: froma[d]
85uptha dús in bud amainsi, Laws i 180.30 Comm. doberat
la amhainsi ┐ tuaithle dorcha for dreich ngréne, BLism. 121
va11 . doniter la tuaichlecht ┐ amuinsi freasdul in rígh gin
faircsi neich dia dēnumh `(magical) cunning', Marco P. 52 .
cleasaighecht ┐ amuinsi `tricks and jugglery' (entertainment
at a banquet), 79 . Cf. amnas (b).

5 amainsech adj o, ā = amnas: airsid ammai[n]dsech (aghmhar a. ¤
v.l.), TTebe 3102 . Eachtor amaindsech, 3964 . ogh-briathra
. . . amhainsecha `sapient words', MR 160.8 .

amainsecht n= amainse: oc foglaim druidechta ┐ fessa ┐
fastini ┐ amainsechta skill in magic, LL 1051 ( RC xii 56 § 1 ). co
10sluaghaibh draoidheachta ┐ amhainseachta, Leb. Gab. 250.23 .

amair: adj a. ¤ seachtmain . . . a ndiaid M. do marbadh ` about ',
Ann. Inisf. 1311. 4 . See immar.

amáirech xsee bárach.

am(a)ires n ā, f. (1 iress). Later m. ( LL 284b7 ). Also amaras,
15and in mod. lang. amhras, aimhreas (see Thurn. Gramm.
p. 104 ). Note also aibres, Auraic. 61 . amharas, -aires m.
(g s. -(a)is), IGT Decl. § 53 . See Éigse viii 147 - 149 .
(a) In O. Ir. lack of faith in theological sense (normally
translated `unfaith' in Thes.). In later relig. contexts the
20same, religious doubt, etc.: arna tarta amiris . . . dond lobur
hiressach `lest he bring unfaith . . . to the weak believer', Wb.
11b18 . tre amhiris, 28c13 . tre amairis, 33b5 . tóiniud
niressach in amiriss, 26a5 . o hiris in amiriss gl. subuertunt,
31b16 . ho amiris gl. defedentia, 2c29 . fíal amirisse `a veil
25of unbelief
', 15a29 . todlugud inna feulae conamairis nan-
datiberad dia doib gl. poscere defidendo, not believing that God
would give it to them
, Ml. 97d10 , 13 . a. ¤ rod ngab (i.e. when
asked to perform a miracle), Trip.² 2327 . crecht na
haimirse bói hi menmain Tomáis, PH 6734 . do thochuiredh
30gentiu a n-iris, de indarba Iuda in hamiris, Hib. Min. 10.325 .
ind eire[te]acht ┐ ind aibres (a. ¤ , v.l.) dorigni neach i n-aigidh
na firindi diadha, Auraic. 61 = an aimiris, 2349 . ecna cen
amaros, Acall. 3720 . na dénaidh amurus ar Día a dáeine,
RC xxiv 377.8 . beag nach usa an t-amharas, Dán Dé xiv 19 .
35(b) Hence lack of belief in (a person), suspicion: ma dia
rucar amarus fair if he be suspected, Laws v 158.29 Comm.
= ruga[dh] aimiras air gurab tre comraite dogne, O'C. 1771
( 23 Q 6, 37 a_b ). da ructha aimerus orra, O'D. 576 (H
3.17, c. 443). ionnus nach biadh amhras cáirdeasa nó
40míocháirdeasa . . . isan scríbhinn (= neque suspitio gratiae
sit neque simultatis), Keat. i 56.11 . croidhe ar nách cóir
amharus, TD 17.52 . Perh. also: ná déntar orm amorus
`let there be no mistrust of Me', Ériu iv 116 § 27 .
(c) In general sense of doubt, disbelief, incredulity: ferr
45astud amaires, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 15 = ferr astad
aimirse, RC xlv 86 = aimiris, Anecd. iii 19.20 . ?dligid
etche aimiris, BB 64e33 = d. ēitge amsir, Thurn. Zu Ir.
Hdschr. i 17 ( Anecd. iii 14.24 , RC xlv 71 ). ?dilgud bemi
ecnaid ar Dia ┐ amarus ar duilib, YBL 84b7 . urchur n-amar-
50ais a shot in the dark (by a blind man), CCath. 2189 . cúis
amhruis a matter of doubt, Donl. 318.17 . ? mar ḟer bfíadhaigh
mé a Muiris / is é ag íarraidh amhuiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1350 .
In various idioms with verbs and prepp.: as eadh budh
amhurus lium this is what I should feel dubious about, Pro-
55legomena 44 § 11 . adbar rig Ulad cin amurus dia marad
(of a prince), Ann. Conn. 1392.3 . mé gach éanlá i n-amharas,
Dán Dé v 4 . cuiridh Íosa . . . a airdhe . . . san té thoghas /
nach leicfe é i n-amhoras, Aithd. D. 37.3 . is an amhras i
dtéid sibh / ar bhreith Aimhirgin . . . `the mistake you make
60as to the judgement of A.
', Content. vi 8 . téid an t-éadtró-
caireach i n-amharas ar Dhia, TSh. 1909 . gach ní ar a
mbi amhfhoras aca everything they are doubtful about, MS.
Mat. 576.26 . air mbeith dhúinn a n-amhras na fírinne
`any thing we . . . even doubt to be false', Donl. 72.12 .
65 d'egla go gcuirfidhe amharas 'na bhás that his death should
be doubted
, Parrth. Anma 1524 . ní fhoil amharus agam
gurab iad do ní . . ., Mac Aingil 2083 . 'gá bhfuil fáth
amharais air / um ráth . . . gCobhthaigh `who has any reason
to doubt his claim to C.'s castle
', TD 17.58 . ?er .i. fīr ut
70est dilla er amiris, O'Mulc. 479 .

amairse n= amaires: bad nóib, bad glan a cride / i n-amairse
(anamairse v.l.) bat ḟíra `in (time of) infidelity', Ériu iii 102
§ 27c (see note). co nebert fris la haimhirsi . . . (la faitfedh
fáoi v.l.), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . aran amairsi (amarus v.l.) ro
75gabh dhe, 294.4 .

amairsech (amaires). In O. Ir. glosses amirissech, amairessach.
In later lang. also amrusach. As adj. o, ā (a) unbelieving
(in relig. sense): ceist amirissech inso gl. quomodo resurgunt
morti, Wb. 13c19 (if not g p. in substantival use, see below).
80 del chatach amirseach (of one who had refused to believe
a miracle), Ériu ii 122 § 61 . baramail amhairsech na Lumbardach,
ZCP xiii 180.29 . Iúdaide amairsecha, PH 2980 .
's gan í uime amhuirseach though she was not doubtful about
Him
, Dán Dé xx 38 .
85(b) doubting, mistrustful in general: senḟoccul sein . . . acht
corb dall bid amarsech (deception of Isaac), SR 2900 . nach
foláir dhó bheith umhal amhairseach air féin mistrustful of
himself
, TSh. 10875 . cia orthaibh as amhoirseach (the seven
virtues), DDána 55.11 . go raibh meisi amharusach ina
hionnamhail sin do cheisd, Acts xxv 20 . nir bh'aimhirsech
5Ulaid . . . co m-badh rompa budh raen doubted not that they
would be victorious
, MR 268.8 . Note also: rob a. ¤ faistine a
fellsum `the predictions . . . became doubtful', MR 240.23 .
Cf. amairsig earlama, BB 63b43 = amairsi erlabra unreliable
(?) (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.53 .
10As subst. unbeliever, infidel: amhirissig gl. infidiles, Wb.
12d34 . hóre as namairessach fodúacair, 11b24 . nípu libsi
int órd so act la amiresschu, 9c17 . See under trem-.