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ammus n u, m. Later o. amas m. (g s. and n p. amais), IGT
Decl. § 53 . Vn. of ad-midethar. See Celtica i 339 .
(a) attempt, effort: ind aimsea gl. adnisús, Ml. 104a1 .
ambat nersaigthi a n-aimsi gl. inritís conatibus, 127c25 .
30 amsiu gl. conátus (noxios), 16a2 . int a. ¤ admidethar a com-
bach `the effort which he makes to break it' (the Host), Thes.
ii 253.14 . dá éignighe do-bheir duine amus ar aithrighe do
dhéanamh however hard a person tries to repent, TSh. 2431 .
(b) act of tempting, temptation: ainsium ar lín a. ¤ protect
35me against a number of temptations
, Fél. Jan. 30 . ní digen a. ¤
forsin Coimdid I shall not tempt the Lord, Trip.² 2326 .
tiagam cu tartam a. ¤ fair dús in fortachtaigfe a déa, 2618 .
ni tharda amus for da choimdid ┐ for da Dia, PH 4717 .
(c) act of attacking; attack: connar étad ní dóib asna
40amsib sin so that they could not be harmed by those attacks,
IT i 74 § 12 (Lg.). fógluaisi Fuamnach gaeth n-ammais,
Ériu xii 154.19 . tucus-[s]a amais mora ┐ ro elodar as gach
amus (of Juno's attempts to harm the Trojans), Aen. 1618 .
rotesctha milidh righ isínd amus sin, BB 206b42 . le hamas
45oidhche, Rel. Celt. ii 301.37 . ocht bfhaolchoin do amus
forsan ttréd, BNnÉ 183 § 5 . sgaram re haimsibh Éreann,
IGT Decl. ex. 1351 . amus longphuirt attack on a camp, ZCP
xiv 249.11 . do tabairt amuis longpuirt ar feraib Erenn, RC
xviii 273.3 (Tig.). amus caillea (amass coilledh, v.l.) attack in a
50wood
, Cog. 74.13 . Fig. amus ceneoil do denum de no tuilithe do
rad ris to assail his legitimacy, Laws i 192.4 Comm. do beir
amus do bachall Ísu fair, Trip. ii 454.9 . dergthair coltur
iarsain i tenid et dober in liaig a. ¤ de for broind ind fir makes
as if to attack the man's chest
, LL 329a41 . in duine ba hail
55leo d'amas . . . don tslisin the person whom they wished to
hit with the withe
, Laws iii 226.26 Comm. nach neich fora
tabrad a. ¤ , RC viii 50.4 ( LL 13327 ). ba nār laiss a. ¤ amlaid
fair that he should be insulted like this, BColm. 74.10 .
(d) guess, conjecture: is hé a a. ¤ lemm gl. cum iam fere
60centum annorum esset, Wb. 2c27 . hua ambus gl. conicio,
Ml. 75d8 . huand a. ¤ gl. coniectura, 91c6 . amus nó baramhail,
Keat. i 46.11 . go dtug gach aon . . . amus fair made a
guess at it
, 103.25 .
(e) act of hitting the mark: do anfadh én re a amas `the
65bird would wait to be struck
', Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . nach
teibeadh aonurchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus without
hitting the apple
, Keat. ii 3301 . do lógh eólchoire dhamos
from being plunged in grief, Gleanings 19 § 29 . do-bheirid
an drong oile amus ar na harmaibh `seized the arms', Keat.
70 iii 2847 . tugsad amus ar a gcorránuibh seized their hooks,
PCT 285 . Prob. also in: a ḟorom ┐ a a. ¤ ┐ a ammsigi, LL
8291 (TBC).
(f) Metr. assonance , imperfect rhyme: ní fhuil san amus
acht fogar ionann do bheith ag na guthaidhibh etc., Éigse
75 vi 345.3 . See p. 344 - 348 and Ir. Syll. P. 9 .
In prep. phrase for (ar) a. ¤ Orig. expressing purpose,
anticipation etc.: ar amus oencat[h]a for the purpose of a
single battle
, CCath. 5504 . da for nertadh ar a. ¤ mait[h]iusa
do denamh, 5524 . fuaratar clocha . . . co mbertis leo iat
80for amus a llias, PH 1035 . atnagar an long ar a hamus
the ship is brought to fetch her, Arch. iii 309.20 .
Hence against: sluaiged la Toirrdelbach ar amus Tigher-
nain, RC xviii 176.7 (Tig.). credimsi in firDia cedna / dom
churp ar amus eca `helper of my body against death's attack',
85 RC xxiii 408.2 . tionóilid go h-armtha ar amus na Lionóidech,
Hy Fiachr. 336.7 .
Most frequ. in purely local sense to, towards (see St.
Ercuil Gloss.): comēirgid Ulaid ara amus, TBC² 528 . tiagait
. . . for a. ¤ Ratha Ini, TFerbe 57 . ac tócuriud Conch. ar a. ¤
a fhledi, MU² 155 . rogell Tairrdelbach co tibredh aramus
5na cleirech `deliver him to the clergy' (of a prisoner), RC
xviii 162.21 . In hostile sense: tarlaicset a tri coíctu camman
ar ammus a chendmullaig in meice, LL 8342 .

? amna: ind ní háille sgéal amhna ann (: labhra), DDána 59.30 .

? amnachtach: adj caillech a. ¤ truagh, Arch. iii 326.11 .

10 amnair n[r, m.] mother's brother, maternal uncle (see O'Brien,
Études Celt. iii 364 ): a. ¤ bráthair máthar gl. auunculus, Sg.
61a21 . a. ¤ in druad, Ir. Texts i 2 § 4 = avunculus magi, 3.1 .

amnáirech adj o, ā (náirech) shameless: ōg scēlach amnārech,
Corm. Y 178 . uallach amhnaireach, RC xxiii 18.6 . is
15ainndiuid, amnaireach . . . tosach d'uraghaill `shameless
impertinence
', ZCP vi 26.13 . amhnáireach úan aighedh ort,
IGT Decl. ex. 1388 . as dana no as amnaireach, Leb. Gab.
44 n.7 . As adv. seunaid na héiricighe go hamhnáireach
nach bhfuil etc., Eochairsg. 107.2 .

20 amnas adj o, ā pl. amainsi (see Thurn. Gramm. p. 225 , Vendr.
Lex., ZCP ix 289 ff. ). a. ¤ .i. dana, Lec. Gl. 333 . amhnas .i.
doilidh no amhnáireach, O'Cl. a. ¤ quasi amnes, ab eo quod
est amnestia .i. uile-dīlgend, Corm. Y 34 . ?a. ¤ a graeco
amnestia .i. obliuio peccati (.i. nempeccad), O'Mulc. 97 .
25(a) strong, hard, rough, cruel, etc. Of persons: in macc
a. ¤ (of a robber), Thes. ii 336.2 . am a. ¤ ar gail ┐ gaisciud, LU
10293 . ba ha. ¤ fri ecrata, IT i 79.7 (Lg.). co slúag ámhnas
áichthidi, TTr.² 418 . tri ánchaindli amainsi (of warriors),
LL 225b23 ( TTr. 619 ). gríobh amhnas, TD 26.6 . Compar.
30 mac Naithech is amainsi cech rét, Anecd. ii 55 § 16 . Of
animals: béist lánámhnas, TTr.² 1151 . fúargg ind eich
angbaid amnais, Met. Dinds. iii 456.82 . Of a place: ic
cosnamh chuain . . . crichi fíramainsi frithbertaigi Frigia,
LL 235a21 ( TTr. 1344 ). Of the sea: tar muir nIcht na. ¤
35`stormy', Todd Nenn. 272.10 . Various: nīm thairle erchor a. ¤
(.i. temptatio diabulica .i. aminnas .i. drochinnas), Thes. ii
352.3 (Hy. vi). a rruisc roamnais, LU 7733 . sleag aithger
a. ¤ , TTebe 3053 . geimel alainn a. ¤ , Ir. Gl. 59.17 . cath a. ¤ ,
LU 1610 . Of sounds: conggairet gairm n-a. ¤ fair harsh-
40sounding , LU 9092 ( FB 84 ). severe, trying, irksome (in sub-
jective sense): at amainsi na fuili rabertatar fort, TBC
4383 . na .x. plaga amainsi, BB 240a37 . oenét a. ¤ Ailella
`the sole keen jealousy of A.', RC xxiii 308 § 21 . is amnus
dam beith isin dail sin, Laws i 6.26 Comm. is a. ¤ , is andiarraid
45(of monastic rule), Ériu iii 104 § 37a . Superl. cainte ba geriu
┐ ba gortiu ┐ ba amainsiu bai in hErin, Rawl. B 512, 114c52
(Plummer MS notes). Adv. gonais . . . co ha. ¤ Fiachra
`wounded F. severely', RC xxiv 184 § 16 . ro chathaigsetar . . .
co ha. ¤ , LU 220 . amhnus rohaithisighedh sharply He was
50reviled
, ZCP viii 205.y .
(b) keen, clever, crafty: ciamad amnus co ngais he, Laws
i 156.8 Comm. tria intliucht na. ¤ , BB 332a7 . na mná (g s.)
. . . amaindsi `cunning', Ériu xii 152.7 (TE2). batar amainsi
bar comairli, BB 490a28 . níp a. ¤ `too eager', Ériu iii 98 § 9 . a
55ing[en] ālainn a. ¤ vivacious, quick-witted(?), ZCP xiii 170.20 .
a órcháin a. ¤ brilliant(?) (of the morning), SG 56.31 . Compar.
tressiu cach gniaid éolchu cach druid amainsiu cach filid,
LU 10266 .
As subst. cruelty, harm: feiss cech duine bí doní olc ┐
60amhnus frim chorp ┐ mh'anmuin, ZCP vi 258.21 . na
h-amainsi ┐ na h-ainigne tucais ar Ulltaibh, MR 202.6 . ocum
imdegail ar amainsib in chentair ┐ ar phein in alltair, Ir.
Gl. 140 n.147 . ? amansi mora na mac, IT i 158.16 . Cf.
amainse.

65 amne xsee amein.

? amnin: n contoaim for a. ¤ a nin .i. luighim fan luighe filed
(B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 9 .

1 amos xsee amḟos.

2 amos xsee amus.

70 ampaill n(Lat. ampulla, Wortk. 4 ) flask; pyx: dorónta tra
ampuilli imda, Laud 610, 14a (Plummer MS notes). is
amlaid no berthea inn ampoill, ib. (= lestair, lestar, PH
265 , 270). pixis (= pyxis) .i. ampuill umha, Med. Gl. C.
93 ( Arch. i 336 ).

75 ampall, ampla n hunger, greed: ampall a mbeol gach duine,
Tribes of Irel. 58.z . airc ná ampla, íota ná anmhian ` ravenousness ',
Ó Bruad. i 106.x .

? amparrán: n a gcapaill ag fearaibh an amparráin `the com-
missariat men
', Ó Bruad. iii 116.8 (prob. for iomchurán,
80Gloss.).

amplach adj(ampall) greedy: comh a. ¤ re Turcuigh, Donl. x 2 .
As adv. go ha. ¤ , 160.18 .

ampra xsee ambra.

amprom adj(Lat. improbus, see Thurn. Gramm. § 924 ): a. ¤ gl.
85 inprobus, Ml. 28a18 . int ais a. ¤ gl. improborum, 31c6 . inna
n-a. ¤ , 35b7 .