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anurrad n(aurrae) one who has not the status of an aurrae;
hence perh. outlaw, lawless person (cf. deorad): robad cut-
75ruma . . . a. ¤ na ticc fo luigi cana ┐ ar an urrad féin, O'C.
360 (H 3.18, 200). anurradh . . . na fuil ar cur no ar faichill
ag duine . . . ┐ da mbeith budh inand cunnradh do dhenam
fris ┐ do neithea risin urrad aga mbeith, 2162 ( Eg. 88, fo.
4(5)c ). in cennach d'anurradh, O'D. 2423 ( Rawl. B 506,
8055a ). a coimet for robaib ┐ for anurradhaib na crichi, O'C.
928 (H 3.18, 406). ruib ┐ anurraid ┐ indilsigh ┐ fiallach
nembéscna, O'D. 1595 (H 5.15, 9b) (cf. na robb ┐ na n-ecod-
nach, LL 14160 ). cumal . . . a comairlegadh anurraid, Laws
iii 388.2 Comm. ag na. ¤ contention of lawless people, Lec.
85 171 va 30 = hanurnaidh, ZCP viii 213 § 67 . idir urra is
anurraidh `both free men and wanderers', TD 16.53 . caluma
fan ciúnLife / ní hanurra énlaithi no ignoble flock(?), IGT
Decl. ex. 497 . a amais, a anurraid foreign soldiers, mercenaries,
MR 188.14 .

anurraim n(airraim) disrespect: anurrim do māthair, Arch. iii
5240 § 2 . a. ¤ dona seinnseraib, SG 46.16 .

1 ap n t, m. (Lat. abbas, -atis). Frequ. spelt abb. Cf. Thurn.
Gramm. 575 . a s. abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . d s. apid, Wb.
26a8 . n p. -apid, Wb. 12b17 . d p. -apthib, Wb. 19d2 . ab
m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Later also with n s. abbadh,
10 FM i 452.7 ; abbadh , BNnÉ 50 § 36 . abbaidh, FM i 526.18 . g s.
apaid, O'C. 2415 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)d ); Laws iii 72.13 Comm.
d s. abb, PH 583 ; TSh. 3074 . d p. abbaibh, FM iii 28.14 .
(a) head of a monastery, abbot: ab .i. ab eo quod est abbas ,
Corm. Y 28 ; cf. ab .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 225 ; Lec. Gl. 458 .
15 gabsi cadessin abbaith he himself took the office of abbot,
Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). Esodir in t-epscop / abb ecailse
ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . cell cen abaid, LU 615 (ACC). samud
Cíaran cona n-abaid .i. Aédlug . . ., 9594 . cor manaig cen
apaid, Laws i 50.z . dia flaith, dia fine, dia abaid, iii 22.7 .
20 fo reir abbad ┐ anmcarat techta, 14.15 . tellach apu (leg.
apad ?) for a mancu, v 206.6 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich
cen cairiuga do abuid, v 118.4 . cor manaigh . . . sech apa
(leg. apaid ?), 356.12 . cor apa (leg. apad ?) sech manacha,
15 . dun abaid .i. dun airchindeach, 22.25 Comm. comeni-
25clann do ┐ in ri no in t-app, 48.z Comm. eneclann apadh
na cille, iii 208.13 Comm. co na dingentar appaidh do nach
clerech, Anecd. ii 17.7 . no chantais cléir cainabbad, Met.
Dinds. iii 378.12 `the holy abbot's choir' (of Patrick), v p. 232 .
mac ind abbad issin cill, LL 18771 . ina suidedaib apad,
30 BColm. 62.20 . eidir abaidh is easbog, ZCP viii 229 § 2 .
i gcoimhdeacht abbadh, Keat. iii 1328 . d'abbaidh Í, 1331 .
saltair an abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 786 . tánaise abbad prior
(see Binchy, Celtica iii 223 ): C. . . . tanaisi abbad C., CS
130.x . tanaiste abadh Cluana maic Nois, RC xviii 23.9
35(Tig.).
In phrase a. ¤ Rómae the bishop of Rome, pope: Alaxander
. . . abb Rómae, Fél. Apr. 27 . Celestinus abb Rómae,
Trip.² 302 . co hapaid R., 913 . cu abbaid R., 2827 . Siluester
tra abb Roma, PH 362 .
40 (b) In extended sense of leading person, lord: ab .i. tigh-
earna, O'Cl. gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as
lord
' (of the devil), Wb. 26a8 . fora n-apaid .i. for Díabul,
LU 2436 . abb popuil, Fél. Apr. 12 . abb míle, Fél. May 24 .
Of God: ar n-abb, SR 831 . a Rí na mblat is na mbreth / is
45tú in t-abb is tu in tóesech, LL 1991 . a. ¤ archaingel, Ériu
iii 106 § 46 . Uriél lim . . . / int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (of an
archangel), ii 92 § 4 . ma coir a. ¤ coso `if he be a just head',
Laws ii 280.1 Comm. imdich cach corp a memru .i. fuadridh
cach coir a. ¤ , O'Dav. 1125 . Lugaid . . . is é ba aire ba h-abb,
50 LL 18367 ( ZCP xii 379.22 ). Astiages abb cen ḟell / dar
airged Ierusalem, LL 15484 . co rig nasail app druing dein,
IT iii 12 § 22 . nír bo roinn abbadh aimhréidh, Anecd. ii
35 § 15 .

2 ap an interjection of defiance: atbert . . . M. . . .: abb, abb,
55abb nīmtát muir nādgaibend `ha! ha! ha!', Aisl. MC 85.29
and Gloss. (abb).

1 apa vn. of *ad-ben, see Vendr. Lex. Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 .
Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 .
reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar
60againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Met. Dinds.
iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam,
TBC 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . .
torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada
soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for
65our being in Ireland
, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae
donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv
62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.
In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you
have reason to say that
, BB 426b39 . ar a. ¤ prep.and adv.
70phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf.
ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in
class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr.
follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld.
by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom.,
75Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake
of, etc.: ar a. ¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC² 2438 . ara. ¤ a māthar
dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a. ¤ chomlund
(comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC 3197 . foraba ḟledoil,
LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba
80a ḟialusa fris, FM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe /
síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg.
adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain,
Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar
aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 .
85 ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona
huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh
tar gach mbaoghal, FM vi 1922.11 . ar a. ¤ a ndernais de
drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara. ¤ a fath tan-
cammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC 2136 .
5 aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aith-
cheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar
aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch
ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside
his drink because his foes are approaching him
, Bard. Synt.
10Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh),
141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in
chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 .
Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh
etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba
15sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle
came
. . .', TTebe 1599 .
As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu,
cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba,
ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer,
20 KZ xxx 5 as: ar a. ¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba
mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC² 467
(= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ).
comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara. ¤ ara
chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar
25a. ¤ , TBC 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB
236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 .
ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara. ¤ raforraig Aéd, Ériu v
223.60 (= Met. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd
neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, /
30armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide:
ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib
nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar
apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC).
aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 .
35 arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 .
arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .