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1 apa vn. of *ad-ben, see Vendr. Lex. Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 .
Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 .
reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar
60againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Met. Dinds.
iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam,
TBC 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . .
torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada
soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for
65our being in Ireland
, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae
donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv
62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.
In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you
have reason to say that
, BB 426b39 . ar a. ¤ prep.and adv.
70phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf.
ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in
class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr.
follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld.
by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom.,
75Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake
of, etc.: ar a. ¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC² 2438 . ara. ¤ a māthar
dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a. ¤ chomlund
(comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC 3197 . foraba ḟledoil,
LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba
80a ḟialusa fris, FM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe /
síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg.
adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain,
Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar
aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 .
85 ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona
huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh
tar gach mbaoghal, FM vi 1922.11 . ar a. ¤ a ndernais de
drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara. ¤ a fath tan-
cammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC 2136 .
5 aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aith-
cheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar
aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch
ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside
his drink because his foes are approaching him
, Bard. Synt.
10Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh),
141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in
chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 .
Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh
etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba
15sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle
came
. . .', TTebe 1599 .
As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu,
cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba,
ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer,
20 KZ xxx 5 as: ar a. ¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba
mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC² 467
(= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ).
comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara. ¤ ara
chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar
25a. ¤ , TBC 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB
236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 .
ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara. ¤ raforraig Aéd, Ériu v
223.60 (= Met. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd
neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, /
30armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide:
ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib
nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar
apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC).
aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 .
35 arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 .
arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .

2 apa n(Engl. loanword) ape: ap[a] ar mhéid a's ar mhío-
mhaise, Tribes of Irel. 52.10 . ag tabhairt . . . appadh ┐
phécóg, 1 Kgs. x 22 . na hapadha, Mac Aingil 82 . an tan
40gabus ecla ind a. ¤ , De Contemptu 1864 . Also napa q.v.

1 apach n o, [n.] n p. apaigi, Rawl. 74a29 etc. g p. abbaige,
LL 242a12 . abach, TTebe 4786 . ? Vn. formation from
*ad-bong-. Cf. Vendr. Lex. (abach). (a) corpse, remains:
anad acinn a. ¤ treththoll-sa Thid, TTebe 3462 . ro tog-si
45araile aenabach fencbel, CCath. 4098 . d'iarraid apaigh
(apaicch v.l.) mairb eiccin, 4085 . na habaighi ┐ na cuirp
cirrthi, 2133 . ro lobhsatt apaighe (apaicche v.l.) na n-ech-
radh, 3483 . cnamha a n-apaige, 3972 . do corpaib rig ┐
d'apaighib saerchlann, 4013 . imad na n-apaigi .i. cuirp na
50fírcharut, LB 155b13 . guba na con . . . ac urnuidhi áir ┐
abaige, Celt. Rev. ii 310.21 . Compd. ¤ -thrúag: arracht
adbalcrom aighedhghorm abachtruagh . . . énchaillighi
pitiful and corpselike(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.9 .
(b) entrails (cf. 2 fobach): a mboi d'abach ┐ d'ionathar,
55 TBC St. 914 . uchtclar a carpait rea bruinde ag congbháil
a apaigh ┐ a inathair and, 3541 . daise do for n-apaigib,
BDD² 863 . gur leig a habach ┐ a hionathur uile amach,
Feis TC 1049 . do tairrngedh sé a a. ¤ ┐ a inathar ass, St.
Ercuil 2512 . gur bha lán an t-iomaire dá chrú ┐ dá abach
60┐ dá bhréanionathar, PCT 523 . Perh. also: rotheas ana
corpaib ┐ romet abaic inntib conach fagbad (sic) a toil acht
ac mnaib a comcineoil, YBL 85b3 .
Either meaning would suit: la dethaig na n-apaigi 'ca
loscudh, LL 404b22 . la drochthuth . . . na coland ic lobad
65┐ la dethaig na n-apaige, TTr.² 1049 . do eirigh detach
. . . dona abaichibh troga, Aisl. Tund. 97 § vi .
Cf. apaig.

2 apach xsee apad.

1 apad o, n. Vn. of ad-boinn. act of proclaiming, giving
70notice . In Laws used of the period of notice given before
the process of athgabál is begun: [d]o airlither anta for
athgabala ┐ da napa[d] do cuisin do cach athgabail . . . a. ¤
cuicthe do fechemuin ┐ a. ¤ dechmaide do feine, Laws i 262.20 .
cintach cach fine iar n-elodh iar n-apa iar n-urfogra, 264.14 .
75 robui in athgabail cen anad cen apadh cen dithim, 80.7
Comm. nocha ninnruighi é . . . a gabail athgabala . . . muna
roibe fath is deach aice in gach sofis anta ┐ apuid, ii 88.16
Comm. a. ¤ naile o mhnaoi ┐ tesus is tir a foircend na haoile
┐ anadh se la notice of two days is given by a woman and she
80goes into the land at the end of two days
, iv 22.16 Comm.
abad teora dechmadh do tabairt iman ferann; abad cach
lae do tabairt ime re re na cétdechmaidhe, 2.18 Comm.
muna fuil forus aice etir, nocha nfuil re do acht apud raite
air i.e. if he has no land of his own he is given the notice of
85common land
, ii 90.9 Comm. iar naimsir apaid . . . uair
inann a. ¤ ┐ urḟoccra sunn, O'C. 1444 (H 3.18, 645a). cin a. ¤
.i. focedoir; cin forfogra .i. iardain, 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ).
a. ¤ ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . ? Matudán miad / a. ¤ mál ial (a. ¤
adbal ial v.l.) / cotgaib cach riad / roimdidi, IT iii 57 § 109 .
Note also: adhbo .i. abach .i. earfhuagra, O'Cl.
5See also bán-a., derg-a., dían-a.