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50 1 árach n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. Fug.
15 § 2 (see Thurn. Gramm. § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig,
Ped. ii 592 . (a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin
na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i
nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow]
55performs the tying
', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21
Comm. airge con anaithne, O'C. 2510 ( Eg. 88. 41b ) = erge
con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach,
Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh
corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii
6099.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig
leash , see loman and cf. cona. ¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC 1003 .
(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal
obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus
a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding
65 (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach:
arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with
proper pledges
(Thurn.), Cóic Con. Fug. 17 § 4 . issed coir
cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of
a good surety who would not evade
', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do
70feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking
their bond
', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re
airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety
to abide by the decision
', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach
geall iar narach, O'C. 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin
75dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a
ná. ¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond',
Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu
xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives
of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person
80who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a. ¤ in geilfine, O'D.
740 (H 3.17, c. 538).
In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si
a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you,
LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á. ¤ / dáig nim láech gan
85lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC 3044 .
tan nad rabe naidm nó á. ¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma,
LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond',
Death-tales 20.3 . gan urradha gan á. ¤ , FM vi 1988.16 . ro
naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair
araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á. ¤ / [. . .] na
5n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 .
fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á. ¤
orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii
154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer
nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra
10siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC 3163 . táirthis baéth
n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see máeth).
(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with
for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . .
á. ¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig.
15 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á. ¤ ort seeks an opportunity against
thee
, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a. ¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis
é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 .
mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á. ¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra
D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to
20reform him
(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á. ¤
na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise
humility
(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á. ¤ for (ar): ní fagh-
thar, ní fríoth, á. ¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was
found to attack them under Art
, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar
25Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á. ¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann,
Keat. iii 2911 . á. ¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 .
nir gabadh á. ¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .
Note further: in uair na raibhe á. ¤ acut fén ort `when you
had no power over yourself
', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach
30air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna
saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á. ¤ , O'R. Poems
1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á. ¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh.
528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh
plan, BB 417a16 .
35See also árad.

2 árach n m. (perh. same word as prec.) some kind of conveyance,
litter, bier: an tá. ¤ ina mbertaoi a chorp fo dheoidh do dhénamh
dho, FM iii 364.23 . ro fhorail á. ¤ fionnchaolaigh do dhenamh,
vi 2218.1 . ro badh i ccarpat no i n-á. ¤ ro iomchairsiot a
40muintir . . . an Iustis, 2036.3 . ní bhiadh lá i n-á. ¤ ar eachaibh
`in a horse-borne coffin', Ó Bruad. ii 254.1 . arach .i. cróchar.
imárach .i. fa chróchar, O'Cl. Cf. árad.

arachair: n laíd a. ¤ name of metre (aracuir v.l.), IT iii 35.7 .
Cf. aracar .i. iomramh, O'Cl.

45 ara-chrin v(air-crin-, Ped. ii 498 ). In early lang. with petrified
infixed pron. 3 s. neut. See Thurn. Gramm. 267 . Indic.
pres. 1 s. arachrinim, Sg. 145b1 . 3 s. ara-chrin, Ml. 57c12 .
arindchrin (rel.), 57a10 . Wb. 32c10 . 3 pl. aracrínat (leg.
arachrinat?), Ml. 73c2 . arinchrinat (rel.), Wb. 27b1 . Subj.
50 pres. 3 pl. -aurchriat, Críth Gabl. 302 . Subj. impf. 3 s.
-archríad, Liad. and Cuir. 20.7 . 3 pl. arindrochrietis (rel.),
Ml. 85d1 . Fut. 3 s. -airchīuri, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . 3 pl. arachiurat,
Ml. 59b9 . Condit. 3 s. archiurad, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . Perf. 3 s.
araruichiuir, Ml. 136a8 . Cf. uair nach i ro chiúir (.i. ro
55chigúir), LL 5186 ( Auraic. 5378 ). 3 pl. -arrceoratar, Ml.
26d6 . Later as simple vb. airchranaid, airchraid, airchradaid.
Vn. airchrae.
Decays, fails, withers: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail,
Ml. 57a10 . intan aracrínat (leg. arachrinat?) a charait ar
60nech, Ml. 73c2 (? non-rel. clause, see Thurn. Gramm. 319.z .).
amal arinchrin étach, Wb. 32c10 . hore arinchrinat gl.
quae sunt omnia in interitu, 27b1 . aracrin lin setaib .i. uair
is urcraidhech umut na seoit do scuithib do gabail is in rath,
O'C. 380 (H 3.18, 215a). ar céin con-oadar som fírinni . . .
65nicon airchīuri (nochonairchiure, niconaurchera, nocon-
airchranfa v.l.) a ḟlaith, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . arrochiúir a n-áine,
Fél. Prol. 67 . irchradhais a niota, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . in fid
nocho n-urc[h]raba / tusa for urchra bie, Anecd. i 11.z .
is ina ḟlaith-side arrochuir (leg. -chiur? adrochair v.l.) ith,
70 ZCP xiv 66.22 . arcrunad (nodigbaitis, Rawl.) Dāl Fiachach
isnaib cathaib mencib, Ériu iii 138.104 . ilLinnmuniu
nadarrchiūir / acht claind M. . . ., ZCP viii 308.7 . tinaid ┐
erchranaid [fáilte] fri prapud n-oen uaire, PH 6062 . is
garit . . . cond-ercrand in fechtnaige domunda, 4254 . ro-
75erchransat, 3451 . roerchransatar, 5767 . bennacht dorat
Pātraic Macha / nocon hirchrand, RC xxxvi 263 § 20 . as
becc na ro ercran mo chorp a sendacht, BNnÉ 79 § 153 .
ro arsaig ┐ ro urchraid in chairt, Fen. 392.6 . Note also:
deaith doerchran hi crichaib caincailb (.i. do ercrasait mo
80súile hi cáincrichaib mo chind), ZCP iii 224 § 12 (Amra
Senáin). Gives out (of food, etc.): nī airchíuir biad fóa láim
riam, TBFr. 128 = ni ruscaid, p. 17 § 11 (of an expert
carver). intan arrochiúirtár na ubla, LU 1698 ( RC ix
476.1 ). in praind dobreth for cach méis nír ircran díib,
85 10091 . lestar co llind . . . ni erchranand sin uile dogrés,
LL 246a15 . ro hirchran usce na potraicce, LB 141b31 .