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85 árbach n o, m. ? Orig. n. Quantity of initial vowel not fixed
by rhyme but usually written long. Perh. airbach infl. by
ár. Also written ármach (infl. of ármag). Note n s. armaigh
(: Garaidh), Ériu i 28.192 (metri gratia).
Slaughter, carnage: rīg Airgīall ule i n-á. ¤ / acht macc
Rúadrach, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 44 . roimigh beogonta asan
5arbach `the slaughter', ZCP vi 38.29 . gur chuir trom-
ármach (arbhach v.l.) air, CRR 96.7 . an tan it-connairc
in t-arbach, Grail 3332 . for-uaratar U. . . . i mmesc ind
arbaich, 2752 . tre lár in armuig tucadar a munter, TTebe
4056 . iarsin tancatar amach / forru ar écin, cíarb arbach,
10 Met. Dinds. iii 392.102 . d'innchomarta ármuig `omen of
slaughter
', MR 236.5 . ar ionad an ármhaigh, Keat. i 202.y .
ag fadhbhadh na ffer ngonta seachnón an ármhaigh, FM v
1646.y . go tteagoitt na Goill anoir / do dioghail orra a
n-ármhoigh `to avenge their slaughter', Duan. Finn ii 164 § 36 .
15 budh dreamhoin a n-ármhoighe `their slaughters will be dreadful',
164 § 38 . thug sé don ármhach iad, Is. xxxiv 2 . Of
hell: mairg recus tir na mbéo ar tir na marb ┐ arin arbach
naduathmar, LB 256b51 .

? ar-báidi v (báidid): atāt a deich ara-bādat (arabaithed
20arabáad v.ll.) goí cach flaitheman ten things which submerge
falsehood
, ZCP xi 97.1 . Vn. airbádud.

ar-báigi v(báigid) (a) fights, contends: is airiund arbáget it is
for us they fight
, TBC² 170 ( LU 4632 ). acht in rí mac Nessa /
arbáge ar Mac Maire who fights for the Son of Mary(?), LU
25 9464 . arbaighither sealb sédaibh, O'C. 379 (H 3.18, 214b)
(`possession is contended for with seds', Plummer MS notes).
(b) boasts: ni irbágam ná dernam, Wb. 17b6 . lūrech
arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth', Thes. ii
353.3 (Hy. vi) .i. erbagess .i. asa ndena baig, 36 . arbāgais . . .
30nothroistfed lais in cloich fria cend he threatened, TBC² 860
( LU 5336 ). an cumang arbagaid-si `the power which ye
boast
', RC xii 82 § 81 . tri chét bliadan arbágim / raidim
tri ríagla rímim, LL 540 . gonad cucom arbaigtir (bagthir,
bagthar v.ll.) cech ndelb soer . . . etir iallaib ban so that every
35noble form is compared with me
(?), ZCP iii 226 § 26 .
Vn. airbág.

1 arbar n n, n. (r in n a s., n in remaining cases, see Thurn.
Gramm. § 333 ). g s. arbe, Wb. 10d6 . d s. arbaimm,
Críth Gabl. 116 . arbim, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 § 29 . Later also
40 g s. arbair, Keat. ii 5232 . d s. arbur, LL 187c9 . n p. ? arbuir,
Corm. Y 851 . arbair, ALC i 548.20 . arburacha, Cín Lae
Ó Meall. 7.21 . arbhar m. (g s. arbha. n p. arbhanda), IGT
Decl. § 177 .
Grain, corn: glac arba gl. glaneta, Ir. Gl. 213 . broth
45[.i.] arbor, Corm. Y 523 . a n-arbór / as dech di lossaib
talman, Trip.² 2188 . ber-siu lat an arbor, LL 285b24 . grán
arbae (arba v.l.), Críth Gabl. 254 . ass ┐ grús nó arbur, 44 .
iter brothcan ┐ ass ┐ arbhar (a monk's rations), BNnÉ 300
§ 3 . cid tuige cid a. ¤ , Laws ii 240.28 Comm. daise arba,
50 i 166.28 . miach arba bid, v 90.16 Comm. in lethairde bís itir
na harbannaib, O'D. 1562 (H 5.15, 3a), i.e. the different
qualities of seed corn, Plummer MS notes. ní tháinic . . .
granni i n-arbur, RC xiii 462 § 66 . deachmhadh mh'eallaigh
┐ m'arbha, DDána 25a.7 . síoth-mhagh gá tarbha na thuinn /
55do dhíothchor arbha an ḟearainn, Content. xxx 28 . In pl.
crops: aithgin na tri narband, Laws iii 264.15 Comm. do
buain arbann, CCath. 4914 . roloisc a mbalti ┐ a n-arbanna,
Ann. Conn. 1262.5 . iar milleadh neith (= neich) dia
n-arbhannaibh, FM ii 1068.13 .

60 2 arbar n o, m. n s. arber, ZCP viii 313.33 . a p. arbriu, LU 687
(ACC). d p. airbrib, Ml. 63c12 . arbar (ón tṡluagh) m., IGT
Decl. § 11 . Also airbre, see infra.
Host, army: isind arbur gl. in . . . coetu, Ml. 55a6 . huand
arbur gl. milite, 102c8 . dugairet a. ¤ inna nnamat . . . impu,
65 62b13 . arbhar sluaigh, Blathm. 723 . coortis .i. arbir, Thes.
i 498.19 (Ardm.). argair gnímu de adbsib airbrib (.i. na
n-immed) aidblib aidbsib, LU 770 (ACC). ránic axalu la
arbriu archangliu, 687 (ibid.) (a. ¤ archaingel, Ériu xviii 164 ).
serc ard arbair (arbuir v.l.) Íssu, Fél. Ep. 12 . ferfait arbair
70aiṅgelda / catha fri demna, SR 8315 . etir arbri archangel,
2120 . ro classa ri airbriu / di ráith, LL 705 . fri slige oirber
┐ ḟírloech, LB 122b46 . oc techt don a. ¤ tairis, ZCP viii
102.10 (= don tsluadh, Ériu ii 186 ). arboir na T., TTr.² 308 .
ba tairmesc do airbrib na nGrec, 1667 . amail . . . remeteit
75aire a. ¤ as a leader precedes a host, O'Mulc. 54 . airbri
(.i. immad) folaig fichi loṅg legion, LL 311b12 (
Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 28 ). bit fot . . . airbriu (airbri v.l.) ile arch-
aingel `there should be under thee many troops of archangels',
MacCarthy 44.17 . airbre appar. treated as sg. in: airbhre .i.
80sluagh, O'Cl. aidbli ┐ truimi a ttennta / an airbri rosclaid a
ccompra, Leb. Gab. 104.14 .
Cf. 1 airbe, 1 arbar.

ar-bath xsee at-bail(l).

ar-beba xsee at-beb-.

85 ar-beir v(air-ber-, Ped. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. air-
beirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 .
-airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl.
arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar,
148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg.
33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered,
5 RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis,
Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb.
29a25 .
Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 .
3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera,
10 O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 .
1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl.
-airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat,
BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.),
Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s.
15 arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 .
3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 .
Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .
Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 .
-erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl.
20 -airbértaís, LU 1224 .
Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . 3 s. arbert, LU
765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 .
-arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl.
34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg.
25 40b9 .
Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .
Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .
Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .
I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see Thurn. Gramm. 162 ).
30(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera
biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl.
ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that
thou shouldst teach and live
', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai
i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.²
35 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 .
Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib
anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat
inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn air-
bertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó
40impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).
(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 .
amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacom-
racat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall.
146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur
45biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill
dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid
uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors
also ate from it
, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera
samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav.
50 1092 .
(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml.
34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith
gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth
hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything
55he meets with
, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob per-
functoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisim-
brecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from
the psalms
, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera
bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a
60religious that he enjoy his own will in any way
, ZCP iii 29.3 .
Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ?
écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-
side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ).
co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .
65 II (a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?):
tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak
for his own good
', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma
arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a
faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do
70dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading
of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given
of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert
Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro
airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to
75bring a native freeman with them
, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5
Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.
(b) a. ¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach
thee with it
', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not
oppose you
, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris
80 if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.
(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a
pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns',
Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 .
arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina
85gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asan-
arbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i.
a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio,
146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 .
arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .
(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu
5rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018
( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered
cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .