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85 ar-beir v(air-ber-, Ped. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. air-
beirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 .
-airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl.
arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar,
148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg.
33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered,
5 RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis,
Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb.
29a25 .
Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 .
3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera,
10 O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 .
1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl.
-airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat,
BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.),
Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s.
15 arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 .
3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 .
Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .
Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 .
-erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl.
20 -airbértaís, LU 1224 .
Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . 3 s. arbert, LU
765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 .
-arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl.
34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg.
25 40b9 .
Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .
Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .
Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .
I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see Thurn. Gramm. 162 ).
30(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera
biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl.
ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that
thou shouldst teach and live
', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai
i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.²
35 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 .
Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib
anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat
inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn air-
bertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó
40impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).
(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 .
amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacom-
racat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall.
146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur
45biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill
dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid
uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors
also ate from it
, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera
samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav.
50 1092 .
(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml.
34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith
gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth
hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything
55he meets with
, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob per-
functoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisim-
brecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from
the psalms
, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera
bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a
60religious that he enjoy his own will in any way
, ZCP iii 29.3 .
Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ?
écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-
side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ).
co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .
65 II (a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?):
tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak
for his own good
', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma
arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a
faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do
70dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading
of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given
of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert
Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro
airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to
75bring a native freeman with them
, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5
Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.
(b) a. ¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach
thee with it
', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not
oppose you
, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris
80 if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.
(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a
pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns',
Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 .
arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina
85gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asan-
arbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i.
a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio,
146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 .
arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .
(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu
5rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018
( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered
cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

ar-berta v(air-bert-, Ped. ii 475 ) proposes, intends, designs:
is ed ón dano araberta isin titul gl. et titulo carminis quoque
10fine respondet, Ml. 102c5 . an arambertad gl. parans, 53d4 .
arromertussa gl. constitui, Wb. 31d14 . arromertus gl. statui,
Ml. 51a12 , 58c9 , d17 . is samlid arrobertsom ar nícc ni,
Wb. 29d23 . in mórindrid ararobert deichthriub `which
the ten tribes made
', Ml. 66c19 . arbertai congabad dú hitá
15Céll Glass he proposed, Trip.² 1901 . tré cheil D. arbertar a
berrad do chlérchiucht. Cid airmmbertar lib? ol F. through
D.'s cleverness it is proposed to tonsure him (i.e. D.) . . . why
is it proposed by you? said F.
, 2226 . do neoch ara-bert(h)a
ní do maith do denam, Mon. Tall. 161.29 (§ 82) . arbertar
20rigi nAlpan do thabairt do it is proposed to give him the
kingship of Scotland
, Anecd. iii 58.30 . rena fuiligud hi rói
tailcc arbertad catha clí he used to attack(?), ZCP xii 232 § 41 .
arbertat (arbertad v.l., TBC² 992 ) mórslúaig di roí Chúalngi
(rhet.), LU 5468 . ? brethim ard arberta breth fir fiad rig,
25 ZCP xii 362.33 . ? arbertait-sium a n-arma leo docom in
catha `they will prepare(?) their weapons', CCath. 4550 .
For vn. see airmert, airbertad.

ar-biatha v(biathaid) (a) feeds, nourishes: arbiathim gl. lacto,
Sg. 145a 5 - 6 . ur . . . arbiatha ith ┐ meas the ground nourishes
30corn and mast
, O'Dav. 1611 . arbiathad sluagu . . . clostecht
frihae to listen to her nourished hosts, Ériu xii 152.z ( TE 17 ).
bi sund, ar in mathair. Acc, a mathair, ni (ar added under
i) erbiatha nannoidiu (nach n. ?) a oenur, YBL 140a23 .
(b) Legal supplies food-rent (to): no t[h]urcreicc dia
35n-airbiat(h)ar `a fief for which food-rent is supplied', Ériu
xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.6 ). cia ruibdither (leg. ar-[r]uib-
dither, ed.) in flaith .xx. bliadan though the lord has received
food-rent
, ZCP xv 248 § 6 (see Ériu xii 206 n.3 ). muine
airbiathar chuice in tuilledh if the surplus is not supplied
40to him as food-rent
, 240 § 3 . athgabail raith don aurbiatar
distress for stock for which food-rent is due(?), Laws i 216.1 .
rath dinaurbiathar, 230.23 . flaith ar-a-mbiatha is i icas a
cindta the prince whom he feeds, v 512.3 ; 512.7 . fuidir laisa
mbiad cuic treaba . . . is tualing . . . arambiatha a flaith,
45 v 514.18 .i. is cuimgech he a [f]laith do biathad, 28 Comm.
flaith argialltar ┐ flaith arbiathar a prince to whom food
rent is paid
, O'D. 2234 (Nero A vii, 156a). As deponent:
fuidir . . . arbiathar side a flaith, Laws v 520.1 .
Vn. airbiathad.

50 arblann nperh. deriv. of 1 arbar in sense barn : muir do mhéa-
duigh arbhlann a olc `his harvest of sin', Ó Bruad. ii 38.z .

arbor xsee 1 arbar.

ar-brissi xsee for-brissi.

? ar-brúi v crushes, destroys: crothais Brega / Bresal B. /
55ardosbrūi Fīachu F., Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 9 .

arbu: prep in bairgen dorōnus com lámaib arbhu indé the day before
yesterday
, ZCP iii 36.18 (arbu ine, xii 373.3) = arabu, RC
xlvi 239.16 = arbú ané, 247.6 = xlii 140.2 (see p. 150 ).

1 arc n= 1 orc: a. ¤ a cró coimideach (: smacht), IGT Decl.
60ex. 837 . an t-a. ¤ nár fhás, Ir. Texts i 27 § 19 . taisec[h]
na n-orc / nocharb e in t-a. ¤ , § 20. eistrecht na n-a. ¤ , 28 § 29 .
. . . idteach moghaidh . . . dár bhuidhean cat is a. ¤ is óinseach,
Ó Bruad. ii 224 vi .

2 arc n body . Perh. same word as árc: a. ¤ (.i. corp) rolith,
65 ZCP v 486 § 8 (B. na f.). ? cor sreng a cor a ha. ¤ dae dibh,
Arch. iii 311.5 . a. ¤ the trunk of the body without the external
members
, P. O'C. arc .i. corp, O'Cl.

? 3 arc: n lang uindsi ainm do a. ¤ (.i. umad) a gal, ZCP v
487 § 11 (B. na f.).

70 4 arc: n crann airce the cork tree , P. O'C.

5 arc: n a. ¤ .i. timuirged no bec, O'C. 969 (H 3.18, 416); cf.
a. ¤ .i. bech, Ériu xiii 77 § 232 .

6 arc n(Lat. arx, Vendr. Lex.) a. ¤ .i. dind, TTr.² 206 . See árc.

árc n ā, f. Later also áirc (f., IGT Decl. § 14 ) (Lat. arca, see
75 Thurn. Gramm. 573 . Vendr. Lex.). ārcc: trācht, SR 2601 .
áirc (: báirc), TD 7.38 . g s. na háirce (: slánte, LL 17455 ,
: fáilte, DDána 107.23 ).
Coffer, chest: taisi . . . do chor i n-áirc baí 'arna himdenamh
d'ór ┐ d'argatt (of a saint), FM i 404.11 . i n-a. ¤ a anma,
80 PH 7101 . ro-oslaicset a n-árccu (of the wise men), 7017 .
airc na ttrī rīgh dodeachator d'aithreōss Críst, Fl. Earls
100.23 . co nár ibh daif a harcc n-aile (B. na f.), ZCP viii
102.10 = conasibh digh a leastur aile, Ériu ii 186.10 .
? crodh roimh an arc (prov.), Hard. ii 398.z . Of a coffin(?):
85 mo comaid fri coimine / in tan focroilge a ar[c] (: barc)
when his coffin lies under a grave(?), H 3.18, 19 marg. sup. =
mo chuma-sa iar Cummīniu / ōn lō rofoilgedh a ārc (: bārc)
`da sein Leib zugedeckt worden ist', Bruchst. 41 § 5 . donn
ainech do bodba bairc / cruimgel is [a] tond fri hairc, O'Mulc.
595 .
5 Ark of the covenant: in nél nobith immun aírc, Ml. 83a4 .
hí coimtecht inna árcae, 82d1 . ind arcc testemain, SR
4188 , Celtica iv 32.436 . co nderntais . . . in n-airc t., BB
241b8 . ar cenn na hairce, SR 6667 . ré háirc Ndé bhí,
Desid. 3921 . an Áirc . . . cona taiscedhaib, Maund. 80 .
10 treabh Leui, an Airc 'na brataigh mar shuaitheantas, Keat.
iii 1997 . Of Noah: a hairc mic Laimiach tuca[d] artus
(expl. of name Baircne), O'Dav. 242 . o rolínad ind arc,
SR 2509 . lucht na hairce, 2606 . co toracht in n-aircc,
2571 . do bennaich Nái in áircc, Ériu v 49.8 . sáer na háircci,
15 49.1 . roairis in áirc iar ternam o dhilinn, Marco P. 4 .
Fig. of a person: a airc an reachta (of Blessed Virgin),
Parrth. Anma 3959 .
Cf. 3 arg.