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1 ard also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet.
arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 .
60 arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .
I Adj. o, ā (a) Of objects not in contact with ground
high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42
(BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SC 47 ). ard-
luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh,
65 RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, -ach.
(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand
luc digas no a. ¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna
lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib,
Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building
70 etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird
raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd.
¤ -lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go
rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be
in Thy high bed
(place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh
75an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh,
ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 .
arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a. ¤ , St.
Ercuil 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori
`lofty cauldron' (deep ?), Aisl. MC 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana
80 v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1
ardán
.
(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil
chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.:
an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 .
85 tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624
§ 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Met. Dinds. iii 112.34 .
(d) Of sounds loud: a. ¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra
n-a. ¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na
ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall
ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach
5fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag
Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire
mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth
for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud
and stubborn
, Prov. vii 11 .
10(e) Of colour: fual . . . á. ¤ , Rosa Ang. 188.4 .
(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist-
inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility ,
Críth Gabl. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a. ¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit
áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra
15charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett
xix 41 . óclách a. ¤ , imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Met. Gl.
27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc.
ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid
á. ¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae,
20 Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a. ¤ a cuirp fein august,
Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . /
grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél.
June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 .
In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, FM ii 952.15 ,
25 casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L.
323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a
dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).
In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.
(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha. ¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes.
30 ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a. ¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a. ¤ in athlighi
.i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .
(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 132.58 .
atbert athesc a. ¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .
(i) difficult, laborious, arduous: is rét a. ¤ .i. foglaim inna
35hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart
lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .
Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474
(TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 .
goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .
40 Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 .
ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim
`nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu
v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu
cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 .
45 harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi
`higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir
fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .
Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh
highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of
50groanings
, 5575 .
Adv.: eigis co ha. ¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort /
tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a. ¤ do
ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr.
4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha. ¤ showing openly, Donl. 62.28 .
55In phrase ós a. ¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a. ¤ `publicly', Keat. ii
2924 , cf. 1 aird.
II Subst. o (a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 .
conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit
n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha. ¤ ,
60 Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a. ¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii
222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir.
Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg
thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-
trom learg d'fhán nó d'a. ¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe
65cach na. ¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní
léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do
ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed back-
wards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Jos. iii 16 ). Frequ.
in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Met. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai,
70 RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.
(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?),
Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a. ¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in
t-a. ¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc,
CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . .
75from a superior
', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the
titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine'
Hervorragenden
', Thurn., Mélanges à Pedersen 302 . In this
phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a. ¤ uasal, unde
dicitur a. ¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a. ¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don
80fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a. ¤ fine ar aird . . . is a. ¤ fine icus,
Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a. ¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.
(c) Various: is caín cech a. ¤ , LU 3915 ( SC 43 ). a. ¤ n-athe
(of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad
pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais
85áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a. ¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing
to be great
', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a. ¤ i n-a. ¤ fri see 1 aird.
(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating
syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ;
Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a. ¤ , rinnaird tri n-a. ¤ ,
rinnaird iiii n-a. ¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard
5ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd.
¤ -breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .
Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its
use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or
excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí
10 over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ',
Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise,
RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí
(suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ).
ardídal (ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ).
15 Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu,
caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold;
this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 .
Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding
little to the meaning. A representative selection is given
20below. Some compds. have been included above to illus-
trate meanings. (a) With nouns. ¤ -aicned haughtiness: nír
dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤ -ammus
judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'C. 1063
( H. 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'Don. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b).
25 O'Don. 542 ( H. 3.17, 434 ). O'C. 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ).
¤ -broenud gl. imber, Met. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤ -chell
chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements),
BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤ -chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?):
Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤ -chend, as adj.
30 having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ).
da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib,
Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iar-
thair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, FM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤ -chustal:
a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii
35178 § 9 (TE). ¤ -chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while
the primate had authority over him
, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor
aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots,
i 14.16. ¤ -gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his
shirt
', Aisl. MC 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt
40. . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora
chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ard-
gabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC 5340 . So also RC xliii
82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is
hoisted by Him
', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin
45 chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤ -gal: go gclos go nemh an a.,
Duan. Finn i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ard-
gail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤ -gním breast-work, rampart: aird-
gníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤ -mac : ardmhac
oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'C. 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son',
50Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤ -menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath.
3868 . ¤ -mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no
condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na
n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤ -nemed:
atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over
55the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection
,
Críth Gabl. 54 . ¤ -nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail
dó, FM ii 1098.8 . ¤ -nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, FM vi 2368.4 . As
n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤ -phersa : tech-
tiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤ -radarc : ed
60ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv
142.16 . ¤ -scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP
viii 220.40 . ¤ -ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems
204 . ¤ -thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .
(b) With adjj. ¤ -aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach
65 haughty, Ezech. xvi 50 . ¤ -mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár
`a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili,
TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤ -men-
mnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤ -medrach
sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤ -mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall
70and gentle
, LU 3601 ( SC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a.,
LL 11793 . ¤ -réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl.
78b35 . ¤ -úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind,
Acall. 6453 . ¤ -úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha
ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .
75(c) With vbs. ¤ -chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which in-
creased my sadness
, Hackett xii 29 . ¤ -ḟodlaid : maith fáth
ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤ -gaibid :
ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤ -légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an
leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga).
80 ¤ -lesaigid : ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high
standard
, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤ -mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his
knowledge he deserves high esteem
', Met. Dinds. iii 438.8 .
¤ -rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤ -thidlaicid: ro
edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .