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ar-foichlea v(*air-fo-ciall-, Ped. ii 484 ; cf. Ériu xii 135 ).
Orig. deponent ( Sg. 209b26 infra). Prot. stem airichl-.
75Later as simple verb airichlid.
(a) gets ready beforehand, prepares, provides for: ní ar
maith friu arforchelta act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál
dia nóibaib gl. ut ostenderet diuitias gloriae suae . . . quae
praeparauit in gloriam suam, Wb. 4c37 . issí dano in chiall
80hísin araḟocladar som quando dicit in eandem . . . which he
takes into account
(?), Sg. 209b26 . adgládur nech ria ríg,
arfochlim a insce, Comp. Con C. 7.18 . rofeadarsa or F.
damsa araroithcleastar (ararócless v.l. LU) in fer a ḟoillsigud
the man has arranged for me to explain it, TBC² 1138 (ara
85roichlestair, ZCP ix 148.10 ). is olc oirchillte (aicillti v.l.)
you are badly prepared for it (of death), Dán Dé xxv 20 = TSh.
2693 . dob fhearr liom . . . go n-oirchilltí leó a neithe
roidhéidheancha = ac novissima providerent, TSh. 6858 .
go ro oirichlit go hairech . . . in slige sin, Fl. Earls 158.1 .
gach re corp tar an cubarthuinn / olc oirichlim, IGT Verbs
5ex. 480 . airchlithear .i. ón oirchill, O'Cl.
(b) looks after, takes care of, attends to: isindí arndam-
roichlisse hua bás `Thou hast guarded me from death', Ml.
74d7 . a foichlighe sétt .i. um an sétt airḟoichleas neach
aice which somebody guards for himself, O'C. 234 (H 3.18,
10207). airichlis Cathbath C. took care of him, MU² 86 .
íarfaigid de in ra hairichlit whether they have been provided
for
, 796 . frescathar filid .i. . . . urfoichlithar na filid uman
ní dlegait, O'Dav. 987 (cf. Ériu xiii 34 ).
(c) prepares against, takes heed, looks out for (esp. of
15anticipating danger): urfoichlid, ar se, ac seo in t-ael,
Laws iii 266.9 Comm. urḟoichlither na tri coin seo co na
dernat fogail, 414.24 Comm. urfoicill a foirithin co heallam
gach (sic. leg. gan ?) cin do dena[m] tria droch-cell, O'Dav.
1000 . urfoichledh in cach ferus na fuili na roletradh na
20feithe (gl. focialltar hi fuile fethe), BCrólige 58 gl. 1 . ar
foichle nech cert in tan do déna cin no crech let everyone
consider legality
(?), O'D. 564 (H 3.17, c. 441) = hurfoithligh,
O'C. 2454 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)a ). cinnas ḟuirechlem, LL 13935 .
iraichlid erachlid, 13926 . ara n-airichlea ┐ ara n-airelma
25 that you take heed of him, TBC 3182 . mairc nateroichligend
in muinnter sin, IT i 190.14 = mairg nad foichlend, LU
2225 ( FA 30 ). airichlithir immon samfuin-si dothaet `let
them be on their guard next Samuin
', RC x 220.86 . arrofochlit
. . . firu Erenn . . . co léir in dunibad ticfa doib let the men
30of Ireland diligently guard against the plague
, RC xii 422 § 4 .
arfoichlifet fir firu men will be on their guard against men,
xxvi 46 § 245 .
Vn. airichill.

ar-foím. vSee remarks under ar-eim. Indic. pres. 2 s. ara-
35foimi, Ml. 68a8 . 3 s. arafoim, Ml. 17c7 . arfaom, Mon. Tall.
132.24 (§ 14) . ar-foem, Auraic. 1617 . -eróim, Sg. 139a5 .
-arfaem, ZCP v 498.26 . ? 2 pl. -eroemaid, LL 13784 .
3 pl. araḟóimat, Sg. 50b17 . arfoemat, Wb. 34a6 . Pass. sg.
-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . Pl. araḟóimtar, Sg. 156b4 . Ipv. 2 s.
40 eróimsiu, Ml. 132c15 . aurfhoímsiu, TBFr. 118 . urfoem
(urfaom v.l.), O'Dav. 1610 . 3 s. íroimed, Wb. 6d4 . aur-
faomaid-si, O'Mulc. 327 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 216 ). Indic.
impf. 3 s. -airoemath, Ériu vi 134.20 . -aurimeth, 22 .
-auremeth, 29 . 3 pl. arfoemtis, Ériu vi 134.24 . Subj.
45 pres. 2 s. -aurfóemha, O'Dav. 1610 = -urfaoma, O'D.
2211 (Nero A vii, 145b). 3 s. arafoima, Ml. 17c3 . arfaoma,
Mon. Tall. 160.16 (§ 79) . ara-faema, ZCP xiv 384 § 49
( Laws ii 316 ). -eróima, Thes. i 498.3 . -eroema, Ériu vii
168 § 12 . 1 pl. arfoimam, Thes. ii 245.12 (Cambr.). 3 pl.
50 -arroímat, Wb. 14d37 . -eroimet, Ml. 30d13 . Pass. sg.
arfaomtar, Mon. Tall. 148.18 (§ 57) . Pass. pl. araḟóimtar,
Sg. 156b4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -arfaomad, Mon. Tall. 150.19
(§ 61) . Pl. arafoimtis. Ml. 28c18 . eróimtis, Wb. 26a22 . Fut.
2 s. ar-foímae, Ériu xviii 26 § 3 . 3 pl. arfaemfet, Otia ii 94
55§ 4 . Pret. 3 s. ar fo et (three sylls. required), Blathm. 179 .
arfoet-som, Ériu iii 140.177 . Perf. 1 s. ar-roiéitsa, Wb.
6d14 . 3 s. arroet, Ml. 17c3 . arroét, 7 . arróet, 16a4 . arároét,
25d10 . arroéit, Wb. 28d28 . arróit, 32d10 . -arroit, Ml. 36a34 .
-arroet, 25d11 . arrohet, SR 2439 . arroet, 7597 . arraet, Ériu
60 vi 135.55 . -roiat in ara-roiat, Ml. 24d28 may be disyllabic, see
Thurn. Gramm. 685 . The follg., guaranteed by metre, may
have been infl. by prot. stem of ad-cota: ar-róet, Corp.
Gen. 281.17 ( Rawl. 158b4 ). ardosroet, ZCP iii 21.13 . Disyll.
forms without initial a- are to be explained either by elision,
65as due to infl. of prot. stem of ad-cota (-ét), or possibly
even as forms of an uncompounded verb *eimid: roet, BB
259a58 (= aroet, YBL 179b10 ). orohet, SR 1058 (= arroet,
LB 110a ). diaroet, 7510 . o ra ét (oráet MS), LU 2984 . Note
also monosyllabic róet, Met. Dinds. iv 316.16 . 1 pl. araróit-
70mar, Wb. 9c10 . 2 pl. arróittid, Wb. 13a30 . 3 pl. arroétatar,
Trip.² 2642 . -arroetatar, Ériu vi 134.30 . With s-pret.
-arróimsat, Wb. 26a23 . Pass. pl. arfōitea, ZCP viii 312.19 .
-arroeta, Ann. Inisf. 887 .
Later as simple vb. airfaomaid (airfoemaid, airaímid)
75with vn. airḟáemad. Cf. 1 airitid, airitnigid.
(a) accepts, receives, assumes, takes with a wide variety of
objects (persons, orders, sacraments, etc.): is hó athir
arroét macc cumachtae, Ml. 17c7 . anarróet deacht doinacht,
16a4 . aróittid dano mo precept, Wb. 13a30 . ní tio ara-
80ḟóimat sidi oca cruthugud ó anmmanaib diil tanisi `it is not
-tio that these assume', Sg. 50b17 . o rohet Adam anmain,
SR 1058 . ar-foímae it brú gein `thou wilt receive', Ériu
xviii 26 § 3 . arin mathair mbáidh o ro airimis (ór airaemhais
v.l.) by the loving mother from whom Thou didst receive it (of
85Christ's humanity), Ir. Lit. 20.15 . anti ardo[b]foim si as
messe ar[a]fóim gl. qui uos recipit, me recipit, Ériu iii 4.18 .
nicon arroet iarum duine etir asenath do anmchairdiu, Mon.
Tall. 135.20 (§ 23) . arrōet Cāier Nēde hi mac dō fobīth nī
rotecht mac cena, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 58 ). ni urfaoma
righ . . . hi rathaighes fruit `do not accept a king . . . as surety
5for you
', Ériu xi 73 § 1 . ardafoem in carpat he, vi 135.51 .
ar-us-fōet caill i.e. they have been buried in the wood,
Fianaig. 10.z . is é in coimdid no-s-eraimend, PH 6146 .
aurfoemaid in coimdiu chuci ina múinterus, IT i 170.7 . is
dó sein arroét-som in n-ainm as Cothraige, Trip.² 202 .
10 arroétatar . . . sacarbaicc, 1150 . arfoím C. . . . in n-imarchor
o Fergus, LU 5650 ( TBC² 1173 ). corugud cach cuaille iar
nuachtur ┐ lamcur doib conach urfaema in talam that the
ground may not receive it
(i.e. that it may not sink into the
ground entirely(?). Of making a fence), Laws iv 112.12 .
15 urfoem (urfaom v.l.) .i. fir[ḟ]aom, ut est ni aurfóemha (ur-
faomha v.l.) dana na cloen, O'Dav. 1610 cf. O'D. 2211 (Nero
A vii, 145b): dana nis n-urfaoma o beguib na moruibh.
aurfaomaidsi gnīma (a) fir, O'Mulc. 327 `let her accept the duties
of a man
', Ériu xii 216 . arróet Ísu barghin i n-a láim, PH
20 5048 . secip erfhoemus brothairne do t'étach whoever
receives
, 1429 . ní fúair mnái ronirḟáem (ronfirfaem v.l.),
Met. Dinds. iii 300.28 . conad do sil Meic Milead arroḟaetar
(ro ḟeadadar, roedattar v.l.) mna, ZCP xiv 64.9 . arroet
Ceallach gradha uasalepscoip C. received the order of bishop,
25 FM ii 984.2 .
(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents to: ?ol issed aroai[t]
doib in inbaid sin comrag ar galaib aenfer, BB 495b 8 = ar
ba head roimraided leó, Alex. 774 . mad ro urfaem in bidbaid
apadh i faesam, Laws i 98.25 Comm. ben ara-fuim imurfhis
30do chind a ceile a woman who agrees to be unfaithful to her
husband
, Laws v 272.7 . aroét an ben on (don v.l.) Dagda
acht nibad oman E. `would have yielded', Ériu xii 142.7 .
(c) accepts (ill-treatment), submits to: aroet maithe Ulad
. . . tuitim im Chuscraid `it was the lot of the nobles of U. to
35fall around C.
', Ériu viii 176 § 10 .
(d) permits, allows: arfoemad immurgu aithcomarc neich
dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to
consult him
', Mon. Tall. 135.22 (§ 23) . is dlighedh urfaemus
a toichedh, Laws i 90.22 Comm. taithbec ind uilc . . . nád
40eroim a ícc tria guidi, Ériu vii 162 § 5 .