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atam nalso atom o, m. (Lat. atomus, see Du Cange ) atom,
smallest division of time etc.: di huáir deac ┐ iiii brottae ┐ unga
80┐ atom. Thes. ii 10.7 (BCr.). se hadaim lxx. ar tri ceadaib
in ostint, MR 108.8 . Of measure: cethra hadaim fichet in
grainne `twenty-four atoms to the grain', Laws v 18.9 Comm.
urina athomosa . . . .i. an fual ina mbí morán adamh, 23 K
42, 130.14 . atomi .i. cuirp mar adoimh, 179.15 . an t-adamh
85ghabhas tré ghréin `the mote in the sunbeam', A. Ó Dálaigh
xxviii 2 . ? an triún fa tréine 'sgach glonn / do stiúr Éire
gan adom, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 275. 104 . d'ḟagháil attomha
d'ḟás a n-athardha, Ó Bruad. iii 90.15 . ní ḟacadar attomh
budh damhna cáis, 118.3 . Cf. dadom.

atamscartis xsee as-(s)carta.

5 atan xsee attain.

atán ndimin. of 2 att. a. ¤ m., IGT Decl. § 35 . do bhi a baired
tar a mhuin sin anuas, do bhi a atan ┐ a cochall tarsa sin
amuigh, Reeves Ad. 322.23 . inar ┐ a. ¤ ┐ léine, SG 278.6 . ar
dtabhairt tarbh et a. ¤ ris ` garlands ,' Acts xiv 13 . mairg
10tug hatán go Sligeach, TD 38.10 . a. ¤ , 8 .

atánach adj(atán): atanachai .i. capuciatus , Ir. Gl. 596 .

atar xsee 2 dar.

atárcadach adj o, ā (atárcud) repetitive: atarcadach .i. dia robae
aisndís riam, Sg. 197a6 .

15 atárcud n m. (? ath + tárcud, see Ped. ii 553 ) repetition: int
a. ¤ fil hi sui , Sg. 200a8 . int atarcud hisin gl. quod supra
diximus, 12 . See atharcud.

atargad xsee attairgid.

ata-roi xsee at-roí.

20 atás v(see Thurn. Gramm. 478 ) than is: addaas, Ériu ii 144 §
159 . adaas, Sg. 190a4 . adas, 16a1 (see Études Celt. xi
112 ). With other parts of verb: adoa(sa), Thes. i 485.31
( Tur. 25a ). ataí, LU 8751 . atæ, IT ii2 213.18 . See daas,
indaas, 3 ol.

25 atastormus: ind bīaid dano in tsesērgid Suidi Chaim .i. isre
atas tormus (asre atus tormas v.l.) dobērai scēla derbai in
todóchaidhe the period when it was decided(?), ZCP ix 456.20 .

ataut interj. of admonition, go to, stay, hush(?). Perh. ipv.
of compd. of téit (cf. at-etha, do-autat, in-otat and Thurn.
30Gramm. 375 ): adautt, ol M., ní maith sin, Im. Brain 48.4 .
attaut, a clerig, ol D., LB 260b33 , YBL 136a32 . atat, Uí
Maine 133b4 . atagat, SG 74.1 . Acc. to Meyer also in:
mor lem a fot, at int at, Sitzb. xix (1918) 372 § 11 .

atbai nalso átbai, attba. Usually in phr. éc a. ¤ , which acc. to
35Thurn., ZCP xx 214 n.1 , always means a natural as oppd.
to a violent death in the text of Baile in Scáil, from which
all the follg. exx. are taken: mór attba, bebaid M. éc a. ¤
mairt Cletig, ZCP xx 225 § 24 . at-beba éc átbai issind
Imbliuch os Boaind, 227 § 37 . éc a. ¤ hi tāilcentaigh,
40 xii 233 § 44 . éc átbai, 237 § 58 . bebaid ēc atbui la fuil,
233 § 45 . mór marb, mór átbai. mór ail at-cuinfhet Goideil,
xx 226 § 31 .

at-bail(l) v(*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron.,
Ped. ii 459 ; Thurn. Gramm. 267 ). Dies .
45Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 .
atabail, O'C. 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 ,
Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 ,
Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl.
atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar,
50 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf.
3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD²
126 .
Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 .
Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl.
55 -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 .
-érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam,
Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s.
atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asind-
belad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc. M² 3 . 1 pl.
60 atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epél-
tais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad,
Fianaig. 36.11 .
Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC² 1300 . 2 s.
atbelai, Ir. Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla,
65 BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. Con C. 7.23 . -ebbēla,
ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl.
atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml.
57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml.
16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .
70 Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU
9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 .
-erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár,
LU 6288 .
Vn. epeltu.
75Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?)
adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet,
RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ).
3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15,
31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium ,
80 BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 .
-epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl.
-eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 .
3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and
perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt,
85 ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl.
-eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur ,
RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.)
Thurn. Zu ir. Hdschr. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus,
Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil,
Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu ir. Hdschr. i 43.14 . inid-
5abbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , FM i 378.5 . -atrubull,
O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy
Fiachr. 310.5 . ro aplastar , O'C. 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl.
atbailset, FM i 276.7 .
Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see
10 Thurn. Gramm. 437 , 468 , Ped. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.)
hitbath, St. Ercuil 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad-
bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath
airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath
v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ).
15 conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid
abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu ,
RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab. 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64
§ 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar,
RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 .
20? adbáithit, FM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC).
-apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of
pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha ,
AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With
ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SC 29 ). atbathsatt,
25 Hugh Roe 318.17 .
Vn. apthu.
As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT
iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 .
Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad ,
30 LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl.
aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 .
d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .
Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears:
amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . .
35deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith,
Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should
perish
(?), Sc. M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath
borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished',
Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 .
40 inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai,
PH 7111 .
In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin
reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no
longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed
, ZCP xv 261 § 5 .
45 rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich
las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352
§ 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment),
Críth Gabl. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from
neglect
(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath
50in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne
tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a. ¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ?
v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa, O'C. 2313
( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205
( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach
55a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i.
nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576
(H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'C. 2300
( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).
In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan
60ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce
úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a
béoil, MU² 976 .
With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam
gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná
65ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. Con C.
7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 .
Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam
de gortai ná huacht, Ir. Texts i 35.10 (atbelai gortaide, 23 ).
mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi
70`old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator
cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy,
Ériu iv 54 § 24 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death
of pride
', Met. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc
atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in
75Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.',
Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā
deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 .
imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .