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áth n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle
or single combat): á. ¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh,
75 ut est, eislind gach á. ¤ , O'C. 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r]
ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á. ¤ ara cind,
MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á. ¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir
athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐
forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat
80comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib
na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex.
993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á. ¤ abha ní haighbhéile,
Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Josh. ii 7 .
Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon
85la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á. ¤ nā
anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard
from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há. ¤ iondula, DDána
100.30 . á. ¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do
mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair,
Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach
5bhfuil á. ¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is
no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation
(?)',
p. 244 .
In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two
objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?),
10 TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á. ¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co
n-érrmadair á. ¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025
(cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC²
3146 . á. ¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .
In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á. ¤ ar finds a way to overcome;
15 finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar
imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by
foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth
éigin tar a holc / á. ¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen),
Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á. ¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a
20way to overcome their malice
(to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht
1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á. ¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 .
Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 .
dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through
softness of heart the fords were forced against me
', Ériu ix
254.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).
Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

? atha: n a cuic taidhbe .i. fogail ┐ fuigill ┐ imguin ┐ a. ¤ ┐ feimed
a cobra, O'C. 2311 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). fa gheasaib a. ¤ ┐ aidhm-
hillte, Oss. iii 54.20 . ? gol ard con a. ¤ aicci / dar cuired cath
30confaiti, SG 96.24 ( Acall. 102 ).

athaba n m. hellebore, deadly night-shade: eliborus nigher .i.
in t-a. ¤ dubh, RC ix 231 fo. 30a . athabæ quasi bath .i. bās,
Corm. Y 63 . a. ¤ i fothlacht hellebore among esculent plants(?),
Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 s.v. orc treith = ath[aba] i fothracht, Corm.
35Y 1018 . amal aithaba isin fochlucht, Ériu xi 48.21 .
doromailt . . . etir na lubid árchena ind a. ¤ , RC ii 390 § 18 .
hirchoitigi ┐ néimnechu oltás áthaba, Alex. 658 . Also
tathaba: duilleog in tathaba, sug in tathaba, O'Gr. Cat.
181.10 , 20 . amail is adheitge in athghaba (sic) a mesc an
40fothlachta, O'C. 2479 ( Eg. 88, 39(40)a ) = an tathabha,
1586 ( 23 Q 6, 1 a ).

1 athach n ā, [f.] breeze, blast: is ind athig huasil, Ml. 57c12 .
ó cach athig gl. omni uento, Wb. 22a15 . ó adchaib seo-
doapostolorum gl. paruuli fluctuantes, 22a14 . ba trummu
45cach othaich dún in cessad nua-sa, ACC 86 (gloss) (
RC xx 268 ). ar athchaib tennide, LU 1180 (ACC). ? ticfe a. ¤
écaine / croithfaid inn-huili ṅdomun, SR 8103 . ticfait . . .
at[h]cha . . . uathmara, RC xxvi 44 § 230 . dobert an athaig
cedna fo É. condo bert asan grianan, Ériu xii 156 § 21 (TE).
50 for foluamain lasna aithechaibh aerdaib, CCath. 5436 .
dosní a. ¤ a breeze impels them, Anecd. i 53.1 . Fig. nímthísat
nímtacmhaisit a n-athc[h]a a miscsin a n-adhbartaighe (of
temptations), ZCP vi 258.9 . Frequ. with g s. gaíthe gust of
wind: do thaet a. ¤ gaethe móre tarsin tech, LL 14594 . conda
55timart a. ¤ gaithi ar troige ┐ lobrai, Ériu xii 156 § 21 . ticeadh
a. ¤ gaíthi chuici beous, IT iii 195.7 . a. ¤ gaoithe .i. sidean
gaoithe, O'Cl. As n.pr. A. ¤ ┐ Gaeth ┐ Side a tri n-eich, LL 3910 .

2 athach xsee athaig.

3 athach xsee 1 aithech.

60 4 athach xsee 3 aithech.

? 5 athach: ind a. ¤ .i. tonna, O'Cl.

áthach adj o, ā (áth) having fords: a s. Albain áthaich,
Ériu xvi 164 § 37 .

athachda xsee aithechdae.

65 1 athad xsee athaig.

2 athad xsee 1 aithed.

athadnad n(adnad): ar tí a horchra dh'athadhnadh `in order
to rekindle her sorrow
', TD 1.22 .

athagra n(acrae): gan eiliughadh gan athaghra (sic) `without
70. . . preferring any suit
'. Trans. RIA xv (1828) 93.17 .

athaid xsee athaig.

athaide nlate pl. of ethait: áit i bhfuilid taidhbhseana ┐ tadh-
bháis ┐ a. ¤ oidhche ┐ amaide arrachta, TSh. 6679 .

athaidid n(aided): athoighidh f. (g s. and n p. athoighthe), IGT
75 Decl. § 150 . a fhaicsin gá athoidhidh / an maicsin . . . seeing
that Son being slain again
(for sin), PBocht 19.7 .

athaig, athach, athad. nForm and infl. vary. othaigh athaigh
f., IGT Decl. § 13 . othach athach m., § 55 . othadh athadh
m., § 11 .
80 Interval, space, usu. of time, and as a rule in adv. phrases.
Distinct from 1 and 2 adaig, Thurn. ZCP xx 358 ff. nir gerr
in athuig, Fen. 124.22 . ? ni ar talmain ar nathaidh ni =
uiae nostrae non sunt super terram, Laud 610, 8c (Plummer
MS notes). ferr ind athaich cen ḟogail / flaith C[h]athail
85meic Conchobuir `better the time without spoil', ZCP ix 466
§ 27 . Dubinrecht mac Cathail C[h]ind / rogab athaich iar
n-Ailill `for a while', 464 § 18 . athaidh oile at other times,
Dán Dé xii 11 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire / athaidh i gcurp
cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . aithidh éigin for a while, Aithd. D.
13.15 . athaidh d'aimsir, Content. v 106 . taet lemm athaig
5biuc (buic MS), BColm. 16.z . cu n-imthig athach leo he went
for a while with them
, MU² 672 . codail athach becc, Aen. 1229 .
cíís T. . . . athach (: chathach), Met. Dinds. ii 74.33 . do
bhí an Táilgeann ann athach, IGT Decl. ex. 1421 . athadh
dár ndéanaimhne dhó he spent a time like us, PBocht 25.24 .
10 is buain áil lachan do linn / athadh ó íbh Táil téigim, IGT
Decl. ex. 351 . athadh imchían for a long time, FM iii 562.18 .
iar mbeith athuigh imchian a nualghubha dhó, Desid. 6128 .
iar m-beith atha fhada amuith, IT ii2 142.508 . co cenn
athaidh do ló iar sin, FM vi 2072.25 . tig chugainn i gcionn
15athaigh after a while, TD 8.12 . air nataig aimsiri, BB
238b37 . fri hathaidh m-bic, MR 34.20 . fria hathadh for
a while
, Oss. v 88.1 . re had ┐ re hathaig, TTebe 2871 . re
hothaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 616 . re hethadh fada imchéin
d'aimsir for a very long period of time, Ériu v 84.10 . lé
20hathaidh imchein, FM vi 1886.17 . athach .i. tamall, O'Cl.
Of space: oclach a cuibrech athach uad a short distance
from it
, Aen. 426 ( ZCP ii 438.1 ). tar lic T. . . . athach nár
bh'fota `a little distance past L. T.,' SG 63.9 .