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atharda (athair) I Adj. io, iā paternal, ancestral: selb fini
65athardai, Laws i 260.5 . bát seichmech ríagla athardai,
LU 3492 ( SC 26 ). i n-agaid in rechta a. ¤ , IT i 170.10 . cíarb'
a. ¤ rop aneól though he took after his father(?), Met. Dinds.
iv 160.208 . ó a n-iathaibh athardha, ML 102.4 .
II Subst. fatherland, patrimony; native land: notbera cot
70athardu, Rawl. 82b22 . ardotchiat cach dia indálaib
t'athardai eter du gnathu inmaini, LU 10028 (`in den
Versammlungen deines Vaterlandes
', ZCP xvii 203 ). in fil
a. ¤ aile acum acht so ? RC xxvii 274 § 26 . Oenfer Aife ciarba
du / do diclith 'na athardu that he went unrecognised in his
75native land
, Dinds. 95 . biaidh amal índiubarta i tuathaib
. . . cin adhbaidh na atharrdha, LL 386b20 . im ardadh in
agidh na hathardha, CCath. 101 . béim ar inchaib na ha. ¤ ,
MR 302.1 . cisi slonnud no hainm no hatharrdai do, St.
Ercuil 1298 . dá gach fhior a athardha, DDána 74.46 .
80 iturus eris ad patriam tuam .i. raga . . . cot athardai fodein,
Thr. Hom. 12.4 . fer roba mór teist . . . do réir a athardha
`considering his patrimony', FM vi 1984.20 . críoch d'athardha
fan seang sriobh / um cheann atharrdha a aithriotth,
O'Hara 2717 . Of heaven: ro fhaidh sein a spirat co a
85athardha etir coraidh aingel, FM ii 1136.14 . óna athardha
dhílis .i. flaitheas Dé, TSh. 6357 .
Further uses: airrdena na n-athardha d'aithris ancestors ,
MR 150.12 . ar socar d'fadbail da athardaib, TTebe 4170 .
co n-urraind dā n-athardha umpa kinsmen, ML² 1775 .
dochuaid Ailill Flann Bec i n-a. ¤ co Ailill Flann Mar became
5the adopted son of A.
, Rawl. 148a10 . Flaithbertach . . . do
dul a n-athardha co hAedh, RC xviii 19.5 (Tig.). Cf.
athargad.

athardacht n(artharda) patrimony: banntigerna budh mó inme
┐ atharrdhacht na tusa d'faghail, ZCP vi 81.33 . ionann
10athardhacht aithreadh, TD 26.44 . o mhalairt a athardh-
acht[a], Deut. xviii 8 . as inann nadúir do'n duine ┐ do'n
aingel ┐ o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in a. ¤ ó'n aingel
`severed himself from the angel', PH 7434 .

athargab n o, m. Also aithergab, etc. Taken by Ped. ii 529 as
15decompound of forgab. arm(s), weapon(s): arind atharcub
gl. pro instructu armorum, Ml. 63c1 (cf. aithergabthe).
aithirgabu gl. armatura (Dei), Wb. 22d10 . inna athargubu
gl. arma, Ml. 66c11 . cen athargubu gl. inermes, 64a11 .
athorgaib .i. forgaib aith, ut est indilsi athforgaib .i. is
20indilas dona mnaib forgaib aith dona harmaib do tabairt,
O'Dav. 118 . athorguibh .i. bi[d] doich lium gurub ainm
don gá, 145 . athargaib .i. imrisin, 191 = athargu .i.
imrisin no gaisced, Ériu xiii 82 § 309 . is and fod-chi-
cherseom ar gním n-aithergaib on a deed of arms, BDD²
25 1091 . mani gabtha gním n-aithergaib do Conaire, LU 7860
(aitherg-, BDD² 1410 ). am athlom athargaib I am a ready
fighter
, 10628 . ? crann gill atharguib, Laws v 482.27 . do
foglaim aithergaib to learn to carry arms, IT ii2 226.22 .
? cetharda frisa cuibdither a mbérla féine . . . dlúithe
30coibce . . . dluithd (sic for dluithe ?) athairgib, O'D. 849
(H 3.17, 603).
Later also in sense of wounding, slaughter, etc.: ní roacht
C. guin no a. ¤ for feraib hE., TBC 1548 . aithli aithforgaib
maic Mugairni after the attack of the son of M., Fianaig. 12.10
35 descaid athargaib esarcoin, Anecd. iii 15.9 . fa crechtach . . .
on afurgaib `struggle', ZCP vi 30.19 .
Gramm. madh fo athargab beus, Auraic. 3387 ` syncope ',
Gloss.

athargad n(cf. atharda): athargadh, ochtmhacadh adoption , Eg.
40Gl. 48 ( Arch. iii 148 ). athargadh na cloinne, Rom. ix 4
(ed. 1681) (= macthabhartus, ed. 1602). spiorad athargadh
na cloinne, viii 15 (= na macachda ib.).

atharrach xsee aitherrach.

atharrachtaid n(cf. ad-eirrig ?) supplanter, rival(?): in fuil ferus
45in cetmuindtir ac in et dligthech ar in atharrachtaidh tic
tar a cend, Laws v 144.5 Comm.

áthas xsee áithes.

athasc xsee aithesc.

athascnaid v(*aith-ad-com-sní-, Ped. ii 634 ). Also athascnáid.
50 returns, revisits: epscoip dodaascansat .i. roathascansatar
(roathascnastar v.l.), Thes. ii 334.5 and n. athascnáiss . . .
go ro riacht cathroig Thrento `he returned . . . to the city of
Trent
', Fl. Earls 148.9 . In sense of ascnaid: atháscnait
iar sét . . . aithrige . . . isind athardai nemdai, LB 251b28 .
55 athascnáit na fíreoin dia n-atharda, PH 7121 . ro athascná
m'ernaigthe . . . chucat a Dé, 7108 . in tíi athascnás iarmo
`who walks thereon', 4673 .

athascnam vn. of athascnaid: affacht ab affectu [.i.] ōn a. ¤ ,
O'Mulc. 29 . In sense of ascnam: ? romidair athascnam
60do Clochar macc nDomini, Trip. 178.20 (a thascnám,
Trip.² 2089 ). do atháscnám (d'insaigid v.l.) ifirn iníchtaraig,
IT i 184.21 . iar n-a. ¤ flatha nime, 192.25 . co ro-thechta a. ¤
bóid ┐ a. ¤ n-atharda im a fomamaigthib gentle and fatherly
relationship with regard to his subjects
(?), PH 4096 .

65 ? athathaigid = 1 aithigid: cin co hathatha[g]dais eclais
`did not frequent', Laws v 124.22 Comm.

athathris n(aithris): ioin accu dathathris, Lec. 171vb15 (éoin
. . . d'a[th]aithris, ZCP viii 216.3 ).

áthaurslocud n(? áth + airslocad): fúan . . . imbi, heó óir
70intlaide uassa bánbruinnechur ina há. ¤ where the cloak opens
out
(?), LU 8675 ( FB 51 ).

athba xsee 1 adba (Add. and Corr.).

athbac n(1 bac): rolā in doman bac ar bac / . . . rolā athir[r]uch
a. ¤ / d'éc meic cach húi do Blathmac `again the world has been
75cast into confusion
', BColm. 20.9 . ` crookedness, confusion ',
BNnÉ 307 § 29 . ēco aithbaicc `wie ein Widerhaken des
Todes
', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 7 .

athbach o Appar. vn. formation from *ath-bong-. Precise
meaning uncertain. `after-reaping', Met. Dinds. Gloss.
80Native glosses cited below no doubt ad hoc interpretations
of particular passages. Freq. in chevilles. rorandais raind
fond n-aile n-athraind raind athbaig iar muig medba, Corm.
Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ) `thou hast shared a share at the second
redivision
', Corm. Trans. p. 131 . na tri muir met
85anathfaig / timchellait in primcathraig, SR 421 . mor
n-a. ¤ (: cathrach), 473 . trén a. ¤ , 4683 . lín an-athbaig, 5055 .
duiri a. ¤ , 7347 . it sain maim conmidither / i n-a. ¤ i n-ucht
`the second time and at the beginning', Ériu xvi 183 § 36 .
bennacht dé for Eithne . . . / . . . / lasa n-ibsim iar cuairt
cathrach / for cet n-athfach (fo neim nathrach v.l., Bruchst.
5 20 § 40 ) / oiri ocht cethrair bathlach . . . / . . . sruaim do
midh, ZCP xvii 266.4 . brigach n-a. ¤ , LL 4932 . suí littri ┐ rí
ruirech / dlegait a. ¤ maithglan mín / is prímchruachait dóib,
LL 3728 . uais a. ¤ dogéne iarsain / orgain Cathrach Com-
ḟossaid, Met. Dinds. iii 242.15 . athbhach .i. ionnsaighidh,
10O'Cl. rosbalb rosberb cen a. ¤ / salchur serb na sennathrach,
Met. Dinds. ii 62.7 `without delay', Corr. a. ¤ .i. atharrach,
O'C. 1292 (H 3.18, 537), citing foregoing ex. athbhach
.i. aitherrach na huaire sin, O'Cl. ruc díis cen a. ¤ n-úaire / fiad
ṡlúag cathrach Cróebruaide `without respite',
15 Met. Dinds. iv 128.75 . atú . . . gan lúth gan athfac, Duan. Finn i 17.2
`power', Gloss. athbach .i. neart, O'Cl. Cf. athbath.