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athbach o Appar. vn. formation from *ath-bong-. Precise
meaning uncertain. `after-reaping', Met. Dinds. Gloss.
80Native glosses cited below no doubt ad hoc interpretations
of particular passages. Freq. in chevilles. rorandais raind
fond n-aile n-athraind raind athbaig iar muig medba, Corm.
Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ) `thou hast shared a share at the second
redivision
', Corm. Trans. p. 131 . na tri muir met
85anathfaig / timchellait in primcathraig, SR 421 . mor
n-a. ¤ (: cathrach), 473 . trén a. ¤ , 4683 . lín an-athbaig, 5055 .
duiri a. ¤ , 7347 . it sain maim conmidither / i n-a. ¤ i n-ucht
`the second time and at the beginning', Ériu xvi 183 § 36 .
bennacht dé for Eithne . . . / . . . / lasa n-ibsim iar cuairt
cathrach / for cet n-athfach (fo neim nathrach v.l., Bruchst.
5 20 § 40 ) / oiri ocht cethrair bathlach . . . / . . . sruaim do
midh, ZCP xvii 266.4 . brigach n-a. ¤ , LL 4932 . suí littri ┐ rí
ruirech / dlegait a. ¤ maithglan mín / is prímchruachait dóib,
LL 3728 . uais a. ¤ dogéne iarsain / orgain Cathrach Com-
ḟossaid, Met. Dinds. iii 242.15 . athbhach .i. ionnsaighidh,
10O'Cl. rosbalb rosberb cen a. ¤ / salchur serb na sennathrach,
Met. Dinds. ii 62.7 `without delay', Corr. a. ¤ .i. atharrach,
O'C. 1292 (H 3.18, 537), citing foregoing ex. athbhach
.i. aitherrach na huaire sin, O'Cl. ruc díis cen a. ¤ n-úaire / fiad
ṡlúag cathrach Cróebruaide `without respite',
15 Met. Dinds. iv 128.75 . atú . . . gan lúth gan athfac, Duan. Finn i 17.2
`power', Gloss. athbach .i. neart, O'Cl. Cf. athbath.

? athbáes n(báes): rún athbhaoise cré ghlan cháidh / 'sé is
athbhaois dár n-eadráin, E. O'Rahilly 218.7 (1900) .

athbaisted vn. of athbaistid: ba lór lem dom athbaistedh / in
20t-acardha uar, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 .

athbaistid v(baistid) rebaptises, renames: mina athbaisteir
(h-aitbaister v.l.), Ériu ii 184.11 . ba Gleann Caoin ba
hainm dhó nó gur athbhaist Fionn an t-ainm sin fair,
Maguires of F. 31 . Vn. athbaisted.

25 athbath: n Barrḟind . . . / don fairind cen a. ¤ (.i. cen athfás
péne) `B. . . . to the troop without a second death', Gorm.
July 1 (Stokes suggests comparison with Rev. xxi 8 : pars
illorum erit in stagno ardenti igne et sulphure quod est mors
secunda). Whence: athbhadh .i. ath fhás péine, O'Cl.
30 Cf. athbach?

? athbendach: adj ro[t]tāraill súil nát-a. ¤ , ro[t]táraill tám
tromgalair, Aisl. MC 93.16 .

ath-blaissi v(blaisid) retastes: is tre fír flathemon mesrada móra
at manna milsi blaissetar, ZCP xi 89 § 13 = ath-manna
35millsi mlaissiter, 81 § 16.

? athboingid: v nibát a. ¤ ar narbat aithrech, LU 3502 (níba
tathboingid, SC 298 and note ). Cf. athbach.

athbóthar n(bóthar): fer tailge a ceathra i n-athbothar a ceile,
Laws v 464.7 .i. a feis athlumpaire feoir ethadain geimreta,
40 13 Comm. is gnáth do neoch iar tóchall / toidecht ina
athbóthar to return home, ZCP vii 268 § 6 .

athbraén n(braén) second drop: lucht tairgthe mo tathaoir
ribh / athbhraoin cailgce romchrithnidh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 vi .
In pop. etymol. of Aibreán (see Apréil): an seachtmhadh
45lá déug don Athbráoin, Flower Cat. 334 § 14 . don Oibreán,
353.17 .

1 athbrat n(bratt) cast-off cloak: gan brat . . . um righ . . . acht
athbrait ┐ aitheduighi, Caithr. CC 2.1 .

2 athbrat n(brat) renewed captivity: go rabhadar Gaedhil fa
50athbhroid, Keat. iii 2920 .

athbró n(bró): a athbrō īchtair worn-out nether millstone (as
term of reproach), Bruchst. 27 § 60 ( IT iii 91 § 127 ).

athbrón n(brón) renewed grief: do bháid i dtuinn athbróin,
O'Gr. Cat. 449.9 .

55 athbronnad n(bronnad) re-grazing . Concr. in: leth meich ma
fri athbrondad `after-grass', Laws iv 90.18 .i. airlim
athluimpure feóir ethamain tsamraidh, 25 Comm. ticc
le buaibh d'adhbhrondadh féir `to consume', ZCP x 34.16 .

athbruiste xsee aithbriste.

60 athbruithned n(bruithned): caora ar n-athbhruithneadh
iaidséin they are like pieces of refined metal, L. Cl. A. Buidhe
177.148 .

athbúaidred n(búaidred): go bhféadfadaois . . . clipe do chur
san chrích da hathbhuaidhreadh arís to harass it again,
65 Keat. iii 2899 .

athbúaile n f. (búaile) disused milking-stead: i ndiguin athbuaile
geimreta, Laws v 468.7 Comm. díguin mona geimreta no
caille geimreta no athbuailidh geimreda, iv 80.24 Comm.
fér na caille nó na ha. ¤ nó mad fér athlompaire, O'Dav. 964 .
70 feis i fual .i. i nathbuailid, O'C. 1059 (H 3.18, 438b).

athbúailid v(búailid) strikes again: ro athbuail C., TTebe 3585 .
athbuailis in meidhi, ZCP viii 552.27 .

athbuille n(buille) counter-blow: ár natheruch athgon ┐ athbulli,
LL 226a24 ( TTr. 658 ). ni tabrad nech ann in n-athbuilliu
75d'araili i.e. there was no need to give a second blow, CCath.
2831 . tug Tomás an t-athbhuille chum Cathail, PCT 557 .

? athcháelad n(cáelad): ní háil a n-athc[h]aolad, ZCP viii 216.9 .

athchaí interj(caí) alas !: uch is athchaoi! E. O'Rahilly 264.1
(1900).

80 athchaillech n(caillech) ex-nun: a. ¤ ic imthecht idraid otraig,
Bruchst. 31 § 71 ( IT iii 101 § 182 ).

?-athchain vappar. prot. of ad-cain: ní suí nad athchain
(athchuin, athgiuin, aithgheoin v.ll.) fa dí `who does not
recapitulate
', Ériu ix 49 § 34 .

85 athchaín adj(caín): lot draoitheadh dréacht n-athchaoin,
` sweet-songed ', O'Hara 30 .