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ad-cosnai v(*ad-com-sní- Ped. ii 634 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. at-
65cosna, Fél. 156.11 . -ascnai, Laws iv 366.13 . 3 pl. adcosnat,
Thes. ii 6.29 . Ipv. 1 pl. ascnam, Fél. Dec. 31 . Indic. impf. 1 s.
adcosnain se, Thes. ii 2.26 . 3 pl. atcosnaitis, Fianaig. 10.19 .
Subj. pres. 2 s. adcosnae, Ml. 56b39 . -ascnae, Ml. 56b31 . 3 s.
adcosna. Ml. 51b6 . Subj. impf. sg. pass. adcosantae, Ml.
70 115d13 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adruchoisséni, Ml. 69d4 . adchosain,
SR 1718 .
Vn. ascnam.
Part. ascnaide.
Later also as simple vb. ascnaid.
75(a) makes for, strives for, seeks (trans.): ni moa adcosnat
bete in secundo genere . . . quam `they do not strive more',
Thes. ii 6.29 . ní etaigthersu immanisin .i. ni ascnae ┐ ní
charae, Ml. 56b31 . cach gell cona [ḟ]ritgill do di[a] nascnai
coir `on the basis of which he attains his right', Ériu xii 48.2 .
80 athlaech . . . nad nascnai sacarbuic `a lay-recluse who does
not go to the sacrament
', Laws iv 366.13 . nech atcobra dul for
nemh, atcosna (atcosnae v.l.) in flaith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . is ech
buada dar mag réid / fer adcosnaid flaith Dé móir, Goid.
180.22 ( LL 284b42 .) is treothu adcosnaigther flaith nime, LB
85 12a46 . atcosnatis bidbad būaidh `they strove ever for victory
over their foes
', Fianaig. 10.19 . ascnaid Ériu seach inis
Breatan sets out for E., BB 203b38 . in port adcosnaidís,
39a23 . gur bo hi an conair i ttudchad . . . don tir nó asg-
náifedh, Hugh Roe 80.19 (fo. 21b) .
(b) proceeds, goes (intrans. with various prepp.): atchiu
5churach dar Muir Mend / ascnas i n-iathaib h-Erend, LL
12642 . adcosnat hi crich Ciarraigi . . . co Ath Féne, IT ii2
213.33 . ro-asgna Luguidh cona mhaithibh . . . i ccomhdhāil
Conaill marched against, ZCP xiv 249.3 . ascnait assaide
d'ardchathraig in tíre, LL 220b11 ( TTr. 246 ). ro asccna
10assaidhe co ros Comáin, FM vi 1954.7 . ascnais A. co Poll
Ruadhain, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . ro asccna ó D. tar Sruthair . . .
ar fud tire hamhalghaidh, FM iii 390.x . do easccna ara
aghaidh he went forwards, v 1574.4 . ro asccnatar rempu
they advanced, CCath. 4898 . ascnait . . . tria fort `they passed
15through a fort
', Fl. Earls 104.27 . ascnaidhit a n-iermoracht
Uī Nēill `they set out to overtake O'N.', 164.10 aon léig[e] dēg
issedh ro ascnaidset in lā sin, 166.29 . ascnam . . . iarsin
slicht let us go over the account (of a tale), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1 .
asgnaidh esti a h-ainim life departed from her, Aen. 2869 . ra
20ascná uadib a mbruth, LL 244b42 .
Cf. ascnamaid.

ad-cota v, (*ad(in)-com-ta-) prot. stem ét- (*in-ta); cf. incotar,
O'Dav. 510 . Irregular verb with redupl. future, redupl.
s-pret., and without distinction of form between indic. and
25subj. (except in 1 s.) or between pret. and perf. See Thurn. Gr. (in particular
§§ 544 , 680 , 708 ), Ped. ii 638 , Études Celt. iii 231-2 . Later
fétaid, q.v. IGT Verbs § 60 .
Indic. pres. 1 s. atchotaim, Ir. Texts i 8 § 25 . -etaim, LU
6217 . 2 s. (m)atumchotaise, LU 10872 (TE2, Ériu xii 182 ).
30 -ētai, Sc.M² 14 . 3 s. atchota, LU 10267 . ?ba chota-sum ,
CRR 54.10 (`he obtained'). atcotand, PH 4949 . -eta, Ériu
vii 144.3 . -éta, RC xxvii 298.8 . Cf. ad-féad, DDána 23.32 .
1 pl. -ētom, TBC² 1235 ( LU 5709 ). 3 pl. adcotat, Wb. 6a6 .
-ētat, Arch. Hib. ii 58 § 1 . pass. adcotar, Ml. 92b9 . atchot-
35aiter (pl.), Rawl. 80a36 ( ZCP i 497.24 ), ?ad-étar, BDD² 573
(see notes). -etar, Ml. 126b19 . -etaither, Laws v 184 n. 1 . With
-ro- (or change of preverb?) arcotaim, LU 10258 = atcotaim,
ZCP iii 234 § 18 . ar cota , O'C. 440 (H. 3. 18, 237a).
Subj. pres. 1 s. adcot, Ml. 60c6, 92a17 . -etur, TBC 155
40( Ériu xiv 88 ). 2 s. -étasa, TBFr. 164 . 3 s. adcota, Ml. 20a13 .
-eta, 32d15 . 1 pl. -étam, Ériu iii 108 § 51 . 2 pl. -étid, Wb.
22d 20 . 3 pl. -état, Wb. 31b18 . pass. -étar, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes.
ii 239.3 ). Subj. impf. 1 s. do-d-chotaind(?), Ériu xii 184.8
(TE2). 3 s. adcotad, Ml. 39c5 . (má)'d-chotad, BDD² 32 .
45 3 pl. -etis, Ml. 107c12 (? leg. -etaitis, note). -etaitis, 130b6 .
?fétais, LU 4065 . pass. adchotatae, Ml. 100c23 . ?adchota, LU
5832 = adcotad, TBC² 1360 (for O. Ir. adcotae, note).
Fut. 3 s. -etada, Ml. 129b5 . -etfa, RC xliii 56 § 57 . 1 pl.
atchotfam (rel.), RC xiii 375.9 . -etatham, Cambr. 38a ( Thes.
50 ii 247.23 ). On the future forms see Hull, ZCP xxix 175 - 6 . pass. ?aracotar, Ml. 118d10 (see Ped. ii 638 ).
?bocotáidfer, TBC 3749 (1 s. with depon. ending, Ériu xiv 52 ).
-étastar, Trip.² 1362 . -etfathar, FM i 478.12 . Condit. pass. s.
-étaste, Ml. 43d20 . pl. -étatais, Ml. 124d9 .
Pret. 1 s. adcotadus, Ml. 44c18 . adchodadossa (rel.), Wb.
55 7a16 . 3 s. adcotad, Ml. 43d24 . adcotade (sic leg.?), 89c1 . ad
cotedae, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.23 ). adcotada, AU 869
(i 382.5) . ?atcotaidhi, Auraic. 133 . -etade, Ml. 111b20 . -étada,
Sg. 50a3 . do-ēt, Ériu ii 50 § 7 . Cf. rohet, SR 1058 . roet, 7510 . níros ét , Trip.² 2663 (cf.
fétaid). 1 pl. adchotadsam (rel.), Ml. 92c5 . adcotadsam, Tur.
60 97 . asincotasum (with inf. pron.), Anecd. i 41.12 . -etarsem,
ii 57.12 . 3 pl. atchotatsat (with inf. pron.), Ml. 54a9 . adcot-
atsat, 67b10 . adcotaiset, Arch. iii 18.7 . Trip.² 719 . docotaiset,
Trip. ii 647 . -étatsat, Ml. 57a3 . -edaisset, RC xvii
29.18 . -etaiset, FM i 122.z . -etsat, Ann. Conn. 1230.3 (cf.
65 fétaid). Pass. atchotad, LU 5711 ( TBC² 1236 ). do-
etad, Laws i 66.6 Comm. -etatha, Anecd. iii 61.4 . etaide, PH 8041 .
ro-ēta, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 36 . ro-étt, Hugh Roe 2.11 . -étad,
IT i 74.17 . étaithi, Ériu xi 43.23 . -féta, TBC² 1583 . -heta,
Hugh Roe 152.5 . -ettus, IT iii 239.131 . -fetus, Ériu v 28.5 .
70 Verbal of necess. ?etá, LL 246a6 . Part. éttae. Vn. 2 ét
(cf. étáil?).
I (a) gets, obtains, procures: intan adcotat aní adchobrat,
Ml. 87c3a . nā tīachar secha co rētar fer rolaa id samlaid,
TBC² 255 ( LU 4740 ). nech guides banscal ┐ nisneta, Ériu
75 vii 144.3 . fer conae deis nathar . . . amail atcota riam `in the
same condition that he found it before him
', Laws iv 348.2 .
atcotai soc[h]ell saidbres (gnomic formula), Anecd. iii 10.16
(Briathra Flainn Fína maic Ossu). atcota bith bronnud,
ZCP vii 297.z . adcoda lubhra luinne, O'Cl. (lubhra). in fail
80naill adcota dam? which thou obtainest for me, Lat. Lives
35.15 . etá dam . . . cid bia (leg. lá) conaidchi ittrib féin is
due to me
(verbal of necess.), LL 246a6 . With prep. introducing
person from whom something is obtained: atchotatsat fordia
`they obtained it from God', Ml. 54a9 . pret. (perf). perh. in
85sense has (lit. has got, see Études Celt. iii 231 - 2 ): amal
adidchotatsat as they have (obtained) it, Sg. 50a3 . ní conétada
. . . rainn, Sg. 188a4 . coic thintuda . . . / atchotaiter for
salmu there are five translations of the psalms, Rawl. 80a36
( ZCP i 497.24 ). Note also: `adchoda' dlighedh dleaghair,
Met. Gl. 26 § 30 . adcoda .i. rotectad nó rodamud, Stowe Gl. 5 .
5(b) Of an action, concession, permission, etc. : ní ḟétas guth
asa chind he could not be prevailed upon to speak, BDD² 886 .
mani éta nech a ḟrepaid if no cure is available to a person,
Críth Gabl. 59 . nār étar do brath may you not be betrayed,
KMMisc. 264.15 . conad feta ni dib so that nothing could be
10done with them
(of cattle), Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 153 ). B . . . . /
'sē do-ēt comrainn i cū[ic] discovered (invented) (of a fivefold
division of Munster), Ériu ii 50 § 7 . With prep. introducing
person from whom the action is obtained: ni hētar forsin
trēnfir comracc frim the warrior cannot be got to fight me, TBC²
15 1287 ( LU 5758 ). dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab acht nād ētad
ō Meidb but that they could not get leave from M., 894 ( LU 5370 ).
ni hetus h-uaim fess ri fer díb, IT i 120.21 . ni hetas on righ
acht a bas, Lism. Lives 1397 . ro guid Brenaind beus. Ní
etus úaide, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 .
20 II Hence is able, can (cf. fétaid): forcraid a chethra[e]
. . . nád éta [do] reicc ar thír which he cannot sell for land,
Críth Gabl. 251 . nī ētaim . . . techt sech nechdar in dā roth,
TBC² 700 ( LU 5180 ). dena gen go heda do although you
cannot
(?), Triads 113 v.l. Cf. ní is n-etfaitis ethra no boats
25could overtake it
(a monster), Lism. Lives 2227 .