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ad-cuirethar v(*aith-cuir-, Ped. ii 499 ) subj. pres. 1 s. -athralor,
BDD² 419 = -ralór, LU 6875 . Cf. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130.19 ? 2 pl. -atralaid, BDD² 417 =
55 -roláid, LU 6874 . Perf. 3 s. athrola, O'Dav. 104 . 3 pl. athralsat,
BDD² 428 = doathlasat, LU 6884 . Later as simple
vb. athchuirid (in bardic verse athchraid), based on prot.
stem and vn. athchor, q.v.
I Trans. (a) restores, returns, transmits, entrusts: ?cofristacor
60aidchuirtis duaithis form gl. insultantes obiecirent, Ml. 118c3
(text prob. faulty, see note and Ped. ii 500 . Perh. to be
referred to II). In the follg. three exx. probably pass., but
cf. intrans. use below: adcuiretar (adcuirethar, MS) do hógi
`they return to integrity' (of the elements in a compound),
65 Sg. 73b2 . adcuireddar doláni `they return to completeness',
202b3 . is tre ḟír ḟlathemon ad-mórchatha crícha cu námat
curetar great battalions are despatched to the territories of
enemies
(?), ZCP xi 81 § 11 . taítsi co n-atralaid for ndíberg im
thírsea come and wreak again, BDD² 417 = conod roláid, LU
70 6874 . atomcuirethar sūas dó as mo ethar `raised myself up',
Aisl. MC 87.20 (impers. use?). adcuired suás a sceith, LL
167b54 . cur athcuir a amsaine ac ri B., RC v 200 § 13 `took
military service with
', Ériu i 184 . o'n aidchi ra h-athchuread
Eriu ar h-au A. since the night when Ireland was committed to
75the keeping of
, MR 110.1 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru
exchanged two shots, 254.16 . madh fir fheib atralaid / mo
riar[a] gan dermat / bidh leo a righe . . . `if they render as due
honour(?) my dues
', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28.17 . basseadh díoghal
dobert Dia foraibh cecib cruth atrala `however it came to
80pass
', FM vi 2252.9 (cf. do-cuirethar). doratad crech . . . /
conid-atharla Lugaid (sic leg., Corr.) `a raid was made . . .
so L. made reprisals
', Met. Dinds. iii 202.30 , v p. 134 .
achraidh sí an grás sul ghuidhthir she bestows grace before it
has been prayed for
, DDána 24.18 .
85In Laws of the return of a fief (see 2 rath, turchrecc):
cen anfolta flatha fora n-athcuirther to whom is given back
(Thurn.), ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( Laws ii 318 ). in tan is é in grad
flatha . . . do rat itir rath dia céli athcuirid seic co seotu,
┐ athcuiridh comarba for comarba gen seoto returns . . .
transmits
(?), O'Don. 1636 (H. 5.15, 18a). rath éirneis aire
5tuisi do aire árd, ní athcuirither co n-athcuirither comorbo for
comarbo . . . ní athcuirither co tormala saoghal cach ngraid
for araili, O'Don. 2231 ( Nero A vii, 154b ), cf. 1635 (H. 5.15,
17b). Of a child: mac adchuirthur for fine n-athur a child
which is returned to its father's `fine'
, SM Facs. 56a ( Laws v
10198.5 ). ben slethe .i. ní fitir cia for a nathcuirfeadh (i.e. on
whom she should father her child?), O'C. 2006 (H. 4.22, 31).
Note also: da fagha sé duine ar a ndenaigh a hathcor . . .
athcuire[d] (of a sick wife), O'C. 2308 ( Eg. 88, 23b ). Glossing
fris-cuirethar: tri neichi . . . na firathcuired na comedaidh
15orba, gl. nad[f]rithrolat, SM Facs. 17a ( Laws iv 212. 14
Comm.).
(b) removes, expels, rejects: indmus manaig adcuirithear
o [e]aclais, Laws v 430.x . intan ro atcuirius a sidh for in
senadh rejected, CCath. 5043 . intan rohath[ch]uired asa
20deacht é `when he had been divested of his godhead', TTebe
2319 . athchuiris uad an sleig hurled, 4501 . ro athchuir
cloidhemh an rígh uadha `resigned the King's sword', FM v
1418.20 . as i sin adhaigh . . . ro h-athchuirid na h-ainfessa
when ignorance was set aside, MR 100.9 . nír hachradh cách ó
25chridhe (: athchar) none have been driven from His heart,
Aithd. D. 71.35 . atlochar don Rí adrala `who repulsed it',
Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 63 .
? secip ní atcuire sind dib-línib ro-s-cluineb-sa in ni sin
`whatever thing he shalt ask of us both', PH 1430 .
30 II Intrans.: ath-ralsat . . . dochum nÉrenn they returned
BDD² 428 = doathlasat, LU 6884 . co ro athcuired doridisi
cusin corp that he should return, FA 31 (LB) = co n-igsed ar
cúlu, LU ( IT i 192 ). intan adcuirtís inna fochlói when they
returned to their caves
, RC ix 474.19 . is inn adcuirethar
35 thither he returns, O'Mulc. 320 . ro athchuir Ua C. a cendus
Oirghiall, FM ii 1102.6 .

ad-cuitecht xsee as-toing.

1 ad-cumaing v(*in-com-icc). Indic. pres. 3 s. adcumaing, Ml.
19c11 . atchomaing, 24c16 (with inf. pron.). ad-comaicc,
40 BDD² 1475 . See Thurn. Gr. p. 354 . Prot. -ecmaic, -ecmaing,
used in Mid. Ir. in absolute position in sense (b) below.
?Pass. ecmaiṅger, Ériu vii 6.21 = -ecmongar, 199.7 (in
sense of con-icc?). ? Impf. 3 s. adcoimced, LU 7993 ( = ad-
comaicc, BDD² 1528 ). adcoimged, O'Mulc. 578 ( = adcomced,
45 Rawl. 108b 37 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. -ecm(a)i, -ecma, Wb. 5b35 ,
Ml. 15d5 , LU 5855 . Later adchomga, Ériu vii 168.8 . -ecmonga,
ii 122 § 62 . pret. and perf. are not distinguished, the most
usual form being the 3 s. ad-comnaicc with inf. pron. as verb
of existence (see (b) below). Apart from this construction
50special pret. forms occur mainly in the sense strikes , which is
not found in the vn. ecmong (see (a) below). In the other
meanings the pres. is frequently used as a historic tense
(cf. Études Celt. iii 232 ). pret. 3 s. ad-comnaicc ( happened ),
BDD² 1478 (see note.) With depon. inflexion adh-comnacc-
55air, 1477 . adcæmnacair, TBC² 2248 . ?ecomnechair, ZCP
viii 307.25 . As s-pret. 1 s. atacomcussa, LU 9388 . 1 pl.
adcomchaissem, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . -ecmaingsem, Fél. Ep. 7
(-ecmaicsim, O'Dav. 775 ). 3 pl. adcomcisset, Wb. 4d13 .
adcoimcaiset, Trip.² 1648 . at comgaisit , O'C. 2022 ( H. 4.22,
60 49 ).
Vn. ecmong.
There are two meanings, (a) strikes (trans.), (b) happens . As
prot. -ecmaic -ecmaing and vn. ecmong are found only in
sense (b), and the s-pret. (found in O. Ir. glosses) only in
65sense (a) there may have been two distinct compound verbs. See, however, MU² 1049 and Ériu v 242.153 cited below under (a).
But sense (b) could have arisen from sense (a), where, on the
other hand, a compd. of icc could have been influenced by or
conflated with boingid or a compd. thereof. Treated as one
vb. by Ped. (ii 555) and Thurn. ( Gramm. 354 ).
70(a) strikes, cuts: adcomcisset ilbéim friss, Wb. 4d13 .
atchomaing friagitofil `he struck it against A.,' Ml. 24c16 .
roáil .i. adcumaing gl. inimicorum ora pulsavit, 19c10 , 11 .
adcoimcaiset crandú fri scíathu, Trip.² 1648 . atascomaing for
oenchlaich he slew them on the same stone, SR 5320 . atacomoṅg
75dooenbeim, 6920 . díbaircid dí conda-ecmaic, MU² 1049 .
manid in Leuidan . . . ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in
beatha, BDD² 502 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indamsa,
adcomchusa a mbiursa (leg. mo biur-sa?) tria cechtarde seom,
TBC² 2825 . is and atcomaic ruadan in dub themrach (.i.
80cloc) isin tellach, LB 260b29 = adcomaing, YBL 136a27 . co
necmaing a ceand dia suidiu `shore his head from off him',
Ériu v 242.153 (to be referred to (b)?).
(b) happens, chances (frequ. in O. Ir. glosses in subjunct.
with neg. glossing Lat. nē: coníecmi nádnairchissa gl. ne
85forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . Ml. 15d5 , 121c13 , 122b5 . KZ
xxix 372 . nad n-ecma nad benur do chend dít, LU 5855
(TBC.2 1384). mad dia n-ecma nach ceallach if any dissen-
sion arises
, Sitzb. 1919, 92 § 17 . tar crich aranecmai a
saíd bre ca[i]ch on which somebody's property happens to be(?),
Laws i 78.18 . ad-comnaiccc (sic) corthi cloiche foa chosaib
5Meic C. there happened to be, BDD² 1478 . ad-cumaing an
abhann ina tuinn amail robhaoi riamh, Ériu xiii 13.6 . co
n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all so that his forehead struck against
the cliff
, LU 8934 . ecmaic aroli fer chucca, PH 929 . eacmaing
Fint dia tofund happened to go hunting them, ZCP viii 105.9 .
10The form ecmaing, ecmaic it happens (-ed) occurs with
various constructions: ecmaing is dó nach terc ní, ZCP vii
269 § 14 . adcumbec bid mairb dia mairt, xiii 376 n. 7 ( iii 462,
xx 223 ). ecmaic boí a chlaideb hi farrad Fergusa, LU 5405
( TBC² 927 ). ecmaing . . . cocualutur ni, Fél.² cxxviii 22 .
15 ecmaing nocha n-erbert riam, Anecd. ii 69.4 . eacmaing a bhaí
ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 (TBFr.).
With inf. pron. lit. it has happened to x (to be), hence as
verb of existence, the whole group usually being tantamount
to a personal pron. (see Thurn. Gramm. 480 ): cindas persine
20attotchomnicc what kind of person art thou? Wb. 6b 13 .
Setanta mac Sualtaim atomchomnaicse, LU 4892 ( TBC²
405 ). ardchaerich adobcomnaic-si ye are mighty sheep, Anecd.
i 41.25 . na haiti rosnaltadar ┐ na dá Maine ... ┐ ata-comnaicsi
fa-deisin and she herself, BDD² 106 . dogairet i[n]na h-uile
25Érennaig atotchomnaicc are calling thee, Trip.² 258 . ní mó na
mod maccáin lee atacaemnaic, TBC 1632 (in dar le ni mo ina
meid mic bhic boi ann, St.) ?atamchomnaic dirgitetaid mo
Crist cumachtaig, LU 1152 (ACC). di glain gil atacomnaicc
it is (made) of clear crystal, 2039 ( FA 11 ). atacaemhnacair
30osse . . . merdána, CCath. 347 v.l. laoch amra . . . Art C.
atacomhnaic to wit, Hugh Roe 14.12 . In colophon: finit
Dubaltach Firbisigh adomcomhnvic, Goid. 79 . Note also:
atacomnaic mac laiside .i. Néde, RC xxvi 8.4 . i ndomnach
adcoemnaccair Día in sássad nemda .i. in maind, Ériu ii
35198.12 (cf. do-indnaig).