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aurrae d and aurrad n o. Not freq. in the earliest texts. Oldest
ex. prob. aurrai (sic MS), Críth Gabl. 457 , where used in
the apparently secondary sense of leader, chief . If the form
aurrad is old it could be < *ar-fo-rath, cf. deorad < *di-fo-
40rath, with which it is frequently contrasted in legal texts.
The inflexion and meaning are against treatment of aurrae
as vn. of a compd. of renaid. urra, orra, earra f., IGT Decl.
§ 7 . urradh, orradh, earradh m., § 11 . Also with n s. -aid,
Ir. Gl. 304 , Tec. Corm. § 31.17 (?), Ériu i 126.12 , Cog.
45 118.16 . g s. urrada, O'C. 630 ( H. 3.18, 364 ). urrad, Arch.
iii 228.74 . n p. urradha, FM v 1654.5 , Cog. 206.21 .
urraidhe, TSh. 71 . g p. uraidhe, BNnÉ 318 n.18 .
(a) person who is native within the bounds of a `fine', `túath'
etc. as oppd. to `deorad'; native freeman, landowner, person
50of standing:
indigena .i. urraidh, Ir. Gl. 304 . isiat na
hurraidh atbeir and:—fir aen eirce, no aencriche, no cid
lucht aen choicid ar meadhon dia cheile . . . ┐ dia mbedis
fo smacht aen rig . . . asiad na deoraid, na cuigeadhaidh
dia cheile, O'C. 2011-2 (H 4.22, p. 34). mad mac imurro
55berus cetmuindtir do urradh is dilus da trian na n-orba sa
do, uair berait mic na nurrad cinaid `because the sons of
native freemen bear (i.e. pay for) liabilities
', Laws iv 44.17
Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili amuil cach nurraid,
42.z Comm. muinter Cennansa erraid deoraid, Misc. Arch.
60Soc. 128.3 (`both natives and pilgrims?' Plummer MS notes).
ro edpairset . . . disiurt Choluim Chille . . . do deoradaib
craidbechaib . . . cen seilb ṅdilis do nach erraid ann trea
biuthu, 130.7 . urraid cách co fócra, Tec. Corm. § 31.17 .
do maccaib deórad . . . do maccaib aurrad (urradh v.l. St.),
65 TBC 19 . bud aurchur deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, 1289 .
dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg
Midhi, BColm. 64.26 . maccaib sceo ingenaib deoraid aurraid
láichaib, LL 215a25 . ag dícendadh urradh ┐ easurradh na
ccendtar . . ., FM v 1698.2 . a thermainn toghaide d'fagbáil
70'ga nurradhaibh ┐ 'ga noighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis,
BNnÉ 264 § 225 . teagh ríogh Chruachan cuma a luadh / is
(um, as, MSS) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 .
idir urra is anurraidh `both freemen and wanderers', TD 16.53 .
na huaisle ┐ na hurraidhe gentry, TSh. 71 . Attrib. g s. fer
75iar n-iocc recht (? secht) cumal urraid .i. in deora frecair,
Laws v 185 n. c . aire urraid, O Cl. 959 (H 3.18, 413b) `a
native noble
', Plummer MS. notes. gataide urrada . . . g.
deorada, 630 (ib. 364 ).
(b) leader, chief: ríi buiden, cid ara n-eperr side? airindí
80as n-a. ¤ dá buiden nó theora mbuiden, secht cét cacha buidne,
Críth Gabl. 457 . bassa hurræ alma, Im. Brain ii 288.32
(Laud 610 f. 102a) = bá-sa thóisech-sa do almaib, 21 ( LU
1274 ). torcrattar . . . ceithre hurradha gall, Cog. 206.21 .
catluan catha ┐ urraidh ┐ airsid ímbualta, BB 490b47 . mac
85ógh-Mhuire is urra dhún, A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . má tá tusa . . . /
it urradh gliadh, Content. xxvii 11 . go reich urra a
n-eadrána `until their defender come', TD 17.16 . ceann
urraid soighdiúiridhe . . . Séamus, Párl. na mB. 173 . a
bheith na chenn don Presptri ┐ na urruigh mhóir dona
chovinentears, Rel. Celt. ii 178.33 .
5(c) surety, guarantor (`?because only a native landowner
could act as such
. Cf. trebaire', Plummer MS. notes): ro
gap F. ratha et urradha ar M. im na comhadaibh, TBC
p. 461 n.2 . dona hurradhaibh fuair Adamnan na mná do
shaoradh . . . Moshacra i.e. that M. was one of the guarantors
10A. got to secure the freedom of women
, Mart. Don. Jan. 8 .
iarrois a fiacha ar a urrad (translating debitor), Aisl. Tund.
120 § 2 . ro luaidhedh siothchain . . . gan urradha gan árach,
FM vi 1988.16 . bíaidh agamsa ina earruidh / mac
Donnchaidh Í degCealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 291 . sgéal gan
15urra unsupported, Aithd. D. 32.27 . urra an sgeóil `the hero
of the story
', TD 24.19 . bhíos durraigh ar son fhíach, Prov.
xxii 26 (`that are sureties for debts'). ós urra gan bhaoi gan
ionamhus inn, Ó Bruad. ii 170.12 . urra an chonnartha is
fearr, Hebr. vii 22 . ni abair an biobla amhluidh, no aon-
20urradh, no aonughdaras nach breugach any authority, Luc.
Fid. 5864 . uisge is teine mhór / 's urradh badh lór leat (of
brewing ale) `materials' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 8.40 .
With FRI (RE): cia as earradh re hionnramh gcáigh?
O'R. Poems 1551 . tapoir urra damhsa risna comhadha re
25geallois a Mheadhbh, ZCP x 277.33 . dá mbeith Dia ag
cuma fa cheart / cia bhus urra re h-imtheacht? DDána 23.1 .
mairg as urra re héacht ríogh `it is a grave thing to be re-
sponsible for (ordering) a king's exploit
,' Aithd. D. 59.1 .
With gen. of vn., used of a person who can effect the
30action of the vn.: fá tú urra m'anacuil you were the one who
could protect me
, Misc. Celt. Soc. 334.3 . urra a ndīona ar
Danaruibh, ZCP ii 339.25 . urra ar sásaidh-ne is sé sin,
DDána 20.29 . tú urra cobhartha cáigh the certain help
of all
, 19.15 . níbu hurra deabhtha ad dhál he will be no
35match for you in contest
, O'R. Poems 1818 .

aurraidecht n(aurrae): earroidheacht Tuathail Teachtmhair
T. T.'s adherents, Aithd. D. 30.22 .

aurrannach n(cf. airrand?): gin auga aicsen .i. gin toiche
airech airchinnech ┐ aurrannaich, O'C. 474 (H 3.18, 248)
40`? partner ', Plummer MS notes.

aurrathas ind(ráthus, distinct fr. aurradus, and meaning `Geschul-
detes
', Bürgschaft 75n. ) it cetheora urrathas do cuisin:
urrathus bratha cai ┐ urrathas cana etc., Laws i 260.12 .
it cetheora arag fris-tobngiter na ceithri aurathais, 15 .

45 aurscaig xsee airsclaigid.

? aurscat: ind debrid sidie cort[h]ie cethorc[h]uir confer in carpat
a. ¤ pris, ZCP viii 120.20 .

aurserba(ch) n(cf. 2 serb, serbad): aursearbach .i. gat no
mugad stealing or destroying, O'C. 123 (H 3.18, p. 74c).
50 aurserba .i. gat nó mugud, O'Mulc. 109 .

aurslaicthe xsee airslaicthe.

aurslaid xsee ar-slaid.

aurslocud xsee airslocud.

? aurthuili: n at-chonterc in [n-]a. ¤ `outer trench(?)', Celtica
55 v 188 § 4 (see note ).

aururas n(*air-uss-ress- or *air-fo-ress-, Thurn. Gramm. p.
497 ): cia rudbói a. ¤ form gl. licet cursim, `haste', Ml. 2a3 .

aus n adventures, story, tidings: is iat sin mo úsa, RC x 90
n.5 (= mo turthechta sa, text). Ús (A. ¤ , Iuss v.ll.) in Duin
60Chuailngne dia thir i.e. the concluding part of the Táin Bó
Cúailnge
(title of a tale), Anecd. ii 43.20 (O'Cl. s.v. ús).
go roib a hús ┐ a imthusa ┐ a deired na tanad gonici sein
(of the Donn Cúailgne), TBC 6204 . us in duib cualgne dia
tir .i. genemain no eolus, O'C. 1296 (H 3.18, 539). Designa-
65tion, family name: `us' gach sloinneadh, Met. Gl. 28 § 42 .
ainm ┐ a. ¤ ┐ domgnás, IT iii 30.24 . Laws v 230.9 ; O'C. 1025
(H 3.18, 432a). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh, IT iii 105.25 , 29 .
Cianan dona Desibh .i. uss andsin, 28 .

auster n f. (Lat. auster) south wind: inn a. ¤ andes, CCath. 4337 .
70 auestar in gaeth a neas, MR 236.23 .

ausu xsee asso.

autsad xsee etsad.

axal n(early borrowing of Lat. apostolus, Binchy,
Ériu xviii 164 ) apostle: ro-anic axalu la airbriu archangliu, ACC 33
75( RC xx 172 ) he has reached the apostles and (lit. with) the
throngs of archangels
(read archaingel with H 3.18, p. 74 ,
Binchy loc. cit., ar caigne, O'C. 123 ). ba eola a. ¤ n-angel,
ACC 82 (ib. xx 180 ) `he was familiar with apostles (and) angels',
Binchy. ar mind n-a. ¤ n-acallad, 82 (ib. xx 266 ) `our hero used
80to hold converse with the apostle
', Binchy. Cf. asccal
iomagallamh ann, Met. Gl. 30 § 58 . a. ¤ .i. imagallaim, O'Dav.
190 . axul .i. imagallmha, Ériu xiii 83 § 312 . Note also:
axail .i. ab auxilio (.i. ōn c[h]omuirli dobeir-sium do c[h]āch)
quod [angeli] hominibus praebent .i. ón ḟurtacht dobeirsium
85do chāch, Corm. Y 47 . agsal generous, noble , Eg. Gl. 664 .

axal(l) xsee ochsal.