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adfóirithin n(fóirithin) artificial compd. glossing othrus, Laws
i 130.6 Comm.

adḟúar xsee adúar.

adḟúath xsee adúath.

5 ad-gaib v(*ath-gab-). gets back, recovers, takes back: atabgabed
far caire gl. et reprehendentes uosmet ipsos aculeum uobis
`let your reproach seize you', Ml. 20d11 . ar mad andess
dobhí aurthuili a ḟlatho ni aithgebaid act bethi mogaid do,
Anecd. iii 59.15 . (`you shall not recover anything but you
10shall be slaves to him
', Hull, Publ. of the Mod. Lang. Assoc.
lxii 897 and ZCP xxvii 68 ). cid ar a neipinar athgabail? . . .
Ar indi adgaibter trebaire iar n-etrebaire, ar ni athgebad
nach trebair a chennadaich ar trebairi . . ., Laws i 254.5 .
is úad ad gēbthar Hēriu co bráth Ireland will be inherited
15from him
, ZCP xi 87 § 52 . nír atgab . . . / talam `had not
received him
', Fél. Prol. 107 . lasin rig atagab ar coimet .i.
Dia, Fel.² xxxi gl. 26(1) . do hathghabhadh í orthaibh `it
was reconquered in despite of them
', TD 17.9 . Note also: an
luib ceadna do bhriseadh ┐ a cur ar ghreim na gcon gconfaidh,
20┐ fóiridh a nimh ┐ ni athghabhann arís (the poison) does not
have any further effect
(?), 23 K 42. 437.12 . In sense of goes,
comes(?) (see gaibid): cid adgaibsid iarom ol si. ni handsa
ol se di themi maro what way did you take again(?), LU 10245
= atgaibsid, ZCP iii 234.4 . Obscure: ba hé tress rí adgeb
25(in stain, resembling adgeb- Facs.) guin, LL 19465 = ba he
treisi do gellguin, BB 264b42 ( SG 335.14 ).
Vn. athgabál.

ad-gainethar v(aith- gain- Ped. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 3 s.
itgeinither, Laws iv 90.1 . adgainethar, Críth Gabl. 563 .
30 -aithgainethar, 564 . 1 pl. adgainemmar, Ml. 66b6 . 3 pl. (pass.?)
-aidgenetar, Laws iv 164.2 . -aithgeniter, 5 . Indic. impf. 3 pl.
atgainidis, RC xii 92 § 122 . Fut. 3 s. adgigneadar, TBC² 1106
(adgignethar, LU). Condit. 3 s. athgigned, Ériu ii 104 § 13 .
Pret. 3 s. adgenair, FM ii 710.12 .
35 Vn. aithg(e)in.
Is reborn: nocha n-athgigned nach duil `no creature would
be reborn
', Ériu ii 104 § 13 . o ghenair mac Dé . . go héitsecht
D. . . . ní adgenair i.e. there was not such another birth, FM
ii 710.12 . In eccles. sense: babtismi .i. adgainemmar ni hi
40críst, Ml. 66b6 . sacramaint le a n-aithgheintear cách san
bheathaidh sbioradālta (of baptism), Parrth. Anma 2794 .
In active sense: noch do aithghin sinn `hath begotten us again',
1 Peter i 3 . With pass. form: aithgheintear é . . . do'n Athair
néamhdha, Donl. 394.9 . In legal sense is made good, restitution
45 is made of (in some of the follg. form may bepass.): atat
secht n-onai . . . nad adgenedar `seven loans which are not
restored
', Laws v 370.1 . secht n-airligthe nad adgenethar, 21 .
ad-geinit(h)ir seoit saire i n-erenaiter acht ni ima-teilge logad
n-airiten i.e. they must be restored in the same condition in
50which they were conveyed, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312.24 ).
ni aithginither ó neich ní nad bronna, O'D. 661 ( H. 3.17, 492a ).
ni haithginither olc in olc .i. nocha nada geinether olc aithghin
is in olc aithgin eile, 662 (H 3.17, 492a). ní ro briathar la
cach . . . adgenithar uad dia ceille, Laws iv 100.8 = nad-
55genethar, O'C. 25 (H 3.18, p. 11b). mat bala adgenech co
noill . . . mani tabra noill adgenither condiri, O'D. 938 (H
3.17, 659a). See also aithgeinid.

adgair n(1 ad + 1 gair): adhghair .i. gairidheachd dlightheach no
maith dlightheach, O'Cl. (see adgaire).

60 ad-gair v( Ped. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes.
ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii
118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x .
2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait,
Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth Gabl. 61 . -agar-
65thar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 .
-acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 .
Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura
(ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut.
3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i
70116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s.
ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s.
adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .
Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).
Vn. acrae.
75Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .
(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30
( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig,
LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb''
or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu
80 battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in
cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen.
376.19 .
(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride
dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make
85it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar
`neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 .
deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no
ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐
adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith
logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht
5fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di
threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on
the ground of the owner's responsibility
', Ériu xvii 70 § 13
( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded
with full
díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh
10ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against
the surety-kinsman
, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na
dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath,
ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is
isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17).
15 is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v
100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge
ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 .
rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the
Ulstermen
, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh
20etorra that was a matter of dispute FM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh
sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne /
tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána
25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou
bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side
', Dán
25Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid
Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R.
Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he
implored Mary
, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .
(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non
30obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Gal. iii 1 ). In phrases, a. ¤ x imm
y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime,
Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban,
TD 24.4 . a. ¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes
sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206
35§ 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois
a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat.
i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in
virtue of your promise
, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach
gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a. ¤ x for y sues y in the matter of
40x:
sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir,
Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair
`in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in
fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair
for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 .
45 nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, Aisl. MC
25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 .
ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar
a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choin-
gheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais
50E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do
agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on,
ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented
his hatred on a cow
', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends
(cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. Con
55C. 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair
a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada- gairet a mme[i]cc
i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen
do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un-
married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as
60peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam
nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Rom. vii 7 ),
`I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden',
Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti
┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent
65the plague, O'Dav. 136 .