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ad-suidi v(*ad-suid-, Ped. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim,
O'C. 1066 ( H. 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-
suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl.
ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-
5suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP
xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm.
-astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb.
10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 .
-astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb.
10 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 .
Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. Pass. s. -astaib-
ther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid,
Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'C. 469 ( H. 3.18, 246 ).
Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H. 3.17,
15 c. 18 .). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part.
astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws
v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.
Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid
(fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long
20vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141
(see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.
(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in
cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode
lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 .
25 atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni
astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo
affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT
iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has
been detained for the good of the people
, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan
30fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr
. . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109
( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the
birds were prevented from calling to C.
, LL 22122 . im amus
ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh
35ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper,
Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear
leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐
énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co
n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón
40erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag
dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb
i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained
alive
, Ériu vii 154 § 3 .
(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes:
45 ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraud-
ulent arrangement
, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta
naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1
(§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth
mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding,
50 ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . .
cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm.
atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdu-
bairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by
his deception
' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract
55whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an
apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid,
Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar)
dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha
atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'C. 416b ( H. 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe
60crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a
`crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in
sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to
which the judgements of the world are bound fast
(i.e. which
support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach
65breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider
v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees
it
(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra
frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann
┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms'
70but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms'
bind but do not cheat
, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ).
is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is
entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given
,
ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb
75. . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister,
BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib
udhpart astaiter, O'C. 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad
astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 .
Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them
80(viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he
must see that they fulfil their legal duties)
', Críth Gabl. 341
and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh
adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'C. 483
( H. 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what
85extent each of them is confirmed in his rights
', Laws iv 344.8 .
Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two
laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur
isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom
`their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the
neuter in the nouns in -es
', Sg. 66a20 .