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áer n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire ,
Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov.
508 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .
(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit,
Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017
( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).
(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; satire, lampoon
55(for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in
general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia
aír, Críth Gabl. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a
miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'C.
807 ( H. 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . .
60ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi
bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim
aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine /
a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir
antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu
65 xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the
face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle
',
Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna
filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire,
xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal,
70 BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. St. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi
co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 .
no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan
... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig
because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐
75imdergtha, TBC 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do
Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge
āer no molad, Aisl. MC 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don
aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file
ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 .
80 ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad.
ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach',
Keat. ii 4171 .
On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims
and demands, just and unjust, see Críth Gabl. p. 69 ; V. SS.
85Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera
breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad
dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib
amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm,
Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don
tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'C. 370 ( H. 3.18, p. 207 ).
5 ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'C. 371 ( H. 3.18, p.
207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm.
dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . .
minamtísat mo fhéich, Aisl. MC 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa
chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum
10dó, Arch. iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con
derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC 3018 . fiarfaigis . . .
cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii
46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar,
IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach /
15manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .
As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

aér- xsee 2 ér-.

aerach adj o, ā (aer) (a) airy, pleasant: a n-áit árd aorach, Parl.
na mB. 260 . scor raifhérach radharc cnoc / amharc aiérach
20accat, Studies 1920, 261 § 2 . dath . . . aorach, Parl. na mB. 8 .
fāinn' a. ¤ `showy ring', Celtica iv 106 § 1 . (b) light-hearted, gay,
frivolous: dligim raed aerach do radh, Fier. 121 n.11 . do
ghréirthibh aerach' banntracht, Parl. na mB. 1635 .

áerachas n= áer: mad admaid [in file] co ndernad aorachus,
25 O'C. 1749 (RIA 23 Q 6. p. 33a). um in aerachus, Laws v
142.20 Comm. rionnaid .i. ainm d'fior aorachais, O'Cl.

áerad vn. of áeraid. IGT Vbs. § 80 . (a) act of cutting: aeradh a
prim róit . . . i n-aeradh a forróit, O'D. 2017 (Eg. 90, fo. 15
(16)d).
30(b) act of satirizing: co nderntais a ǽrad ┐ a aithised,
TBC² 2213 . ní ba sindadh nō aoradh fognīset (of poets
seeking vengeance), ZCP vii 305.13 . nā lēgat m'aoradh-sa
may He not allow me to be satirised, ZCP viii 217.2 . ro bhattur
filidh . . . ag aoradh rí Connacht, TFrag. 104.18 . ima rindad
35. . . .i. . . . 'na haerad, Laws i 188.12 Comm. is diles . . .
ceand [fine] d'aerad, v 388.8 Comm. (gl. aige fine . . . do
rinnad). leasg liom uaisle Gaoidheal nglan / d'imdheargadh
uaim nó d'aoradh. DDána 95.4 . dá ndearnta ag dáimh ibh
d'aoradh, 99.16 . áeradh an éga shame of death (fatal
40lampoon
?), IGT Decl. ex. 1037 .

aéradblam xsee 2 ér-.

áeraid v(áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us'
(gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lam-
poons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir,
45 Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed, LU
355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-
sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert
in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU
10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora
50 bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ).
diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora,
ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu
xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . . Corm. Y 600 =
filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐
55nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach,
Aisl. MC 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, FM iv 818.6 .
Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs
§ 80 .

áeraidecht n= áerad. aoradhacht nimedh, O'Don. 2198 (Nero
60A vii, 137a).

? aerchaid: ind is aire isber Morand isin Brīatharogum: ærchaid
fid edath .i. ind aor rolil in flesc cui nomen est fē, Corm. Y
606 . rinntaid .i. nomen do fir aoraid (aorchaid, MS., ærad, v.l.)
rindass cach n-aghaid, 1081 . ærc[n]aid fer no fid .i. idhadh
65(leg. edad), Anecd. iii 43.25 . Cf. ergnaid fid .i. edad, Auraic.
5589 .

aerda adj(aer) pertaining to the air, aerial, light as air: ethaide . . .
áerdai, Alex. 225 . na dée aerdha, ZCP i 124.1 . nar' eirig
in t-éscca ina pupaill aerda, Acall. 2933 . in n-anmain naerda
70nétruim, LL 278b18 . ara ingantus in bruit aierda gabus
uimpi, YBL 161b43 . inar . . . étrom áerda, TBC 2528 . Adv.
do ghabhsad ar eitiollach go . . . aédharda, Atlantis iv 132.2 .
Of mounting a horse: do ling uirre co haeerda, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 23.1 .

75 aerdacht f. n(aerda) airiness, lightness: ar ettroma ┐ ar aerrdh-
acht an chéme no chingedh, Buile S. 12 . éttroma ┐ aerdhacht
`light-headedness', FM v 1672.7 .

1 áes n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also
áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .
80(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam
Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam
aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 .
cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 .
gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same
85age as the high king
(i.e. Christ), Arch. iii 245 § 22 . secht
mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina
n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the
best warrior for his age
, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . /
macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii
74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC 845 .
5 is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP
vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualificat-
ions of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a. ¤ in
the matter of age, in years:
cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes)
`though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen
10bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís
m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my
father's age
, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari
dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib /
nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly,
15it is not according to age that one goes (to death
), Arch. iii 215.6 .
Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l.
cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa
esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on
cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar
20n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise),
Ir. Recht. 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm.
riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim
i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis
tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .
25(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as
chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera
āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm.
Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste
`life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of
30 youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty),
ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of
old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na
cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ).
i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi
3526 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.²
274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár
ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age,
one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís
T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá
40seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go
súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu
fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .
(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re
gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a
45aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co
ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas
urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my
days
, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred
duit ót áis, Death-tales 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais
50 as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra
duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself'
Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís
all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).
(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn
55co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadh-
ain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don
Tighearna 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .
(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu
Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . .
60aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 .
ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment,
Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo,
ZCP x 301.20 .