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ag norig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára ,
50 FM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12
Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s.
ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth. Gabl. 550 . na haigi , Aen.
1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh,
IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 ,
55 oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv
120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i
144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note:
a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT
Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.
60(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape
of an ox (bullock
), Críth. Gabl. 550 . a. ¤ loige meich an ox of the
value of a sack
, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a. ¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a
fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc,
152.3 . a. ¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir,
65 iii 272.12 Comm. a. ¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a. ¤ fireand
cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a. ¤ teora ferglacc, Aisl. MC 3.14 .
.xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 .
mucc ┐ a. ¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán
in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a
70lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach
Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav.
322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', FM ii 982.y .
Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a. ¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni,
Sc.M² 7 .
75(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na
haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686
(H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab,
Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta
┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . .
80gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib
alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe
1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC² 2508 . in cu bis ar cae
aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm.
dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐
85aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 .
oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh
thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Prov. v 19 . Somet. doe, hind.
Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, Sc. G. St. iv
146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé
viii 17 .
5Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'C. 970 (H.3. 18, 416).
agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

1 ág xsee óc.

2 ág n o and u, m. a s. ag, SR 4814 . an t-agh , Feis TC 1811 . g s.
ind áig , LU 2812 . inn ága , TBC 3056 . d s. ág, Wb. 25a3 . g p.
10 na n-ag (: Colmán), Rawl. 163a6 . d p. ágaib, SR 4688 . ágh
m. IGT Decl. § 38 , § 96 .
(a) fight, battle, contest: cen á. ¤ n-ergarb, SR 2014 . ic mórad
chath ┐ chongal ┐ áig, MU² 11 . do diogail a aigh et a irgla ar
in Donn C., TBC 6175 . nā hinguib nā hindsaig ágh do not
15avoid or seek strife
, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . gan rún troda gan
triall n-áigh, TD 26.40 . a haithle an ágha, 10.42 . fir marbha
d'athghuin san ágh, IGT Decl. ex. 1115 . Dia Domhnaig déis
an ágha / bhearfas Dia breith an bhrátha Armageddon(?),
Celt. Rev. x 133.22 . ollband ága mebaid / for Domnall mac
20Aeda, LL 182b48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ). do mhnaoi do
cinneadh d'agh é was doomed to strife because of a woman
(of Troy), DDána 119.23 . tar cheann a bhreith d'aitheas
áidh / le Feardiadh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 374.9 . ar luas a n-ádh nó
a n-égin, Misc. Celt. Soc. 372.19 . samhail síl Anmchadha an
25áigh, DDána 85.35 . ?saig brot n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 253 .
ro claitti a n-uaga ága soldiers' graves, Met. Dinds. iv 342.4 .
Fig. in phr. referring to warriors: imscarad da aidlen áig na
Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). da rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog.
56.24 . rinn áigh caithfhréimhe Ó gCuinn, DDána 79.21 .
30(b) prowess, valour: a á. ¤ a gal a gaisced, LU 8449 ( FB 30 ).
hUa A. . . . is a h-agh ┐ echt . . . indister ann so, MR 100.1 .
d'úaisli ┐ d'āgh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111.12 . méaraidh
m'fheidhm ┐ m'ágh, ML 100.17 . int aenduine . . . roba mo
ag ┐ engnam, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 . drong F. nar bh' olc
35n-áigh, DDána 90.11 . rem n-aga (cheville), LU 3602 ( SC § 30 ).

3 ág nPerh. same wd. as 2 ág. (a) Orig. perh. cause, reason,
occasion . In Laws used of an offence, and listed with other
words having the above meaning: apparently some type of
injury: it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait,
40ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide
acais, O'D 577 ( H. 3.17 col. 444 ) = O'C. 2260 ( Eg. 88 f.
19(20)b ). is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] .i. is é cin ann sin,
Laws iii 156.6 ; 15 Comm. Perh. also: agh .i. indsaiged, ut
est agh trom traigh foghlach, O'Dav. 103 .
45Hence (b) in phrases di á. ¤ , tre á. ¤ on account of, because of
(cf. dáig): bid di bar n-á. ¤ -si ronbia-ni corona gloriae , Wb.
25a3 . di á. ¤ mná Celtchair on account of Celtchar's wife, LU
11062 . cid ditt ágh (: ndedhendál) `though it was for thy sake',
Fianaig. 10 § 5 . di āg Fergusa, ZCP viii 305.19 . trena á. ¤
50┐ trena accais, TBC 4582 . biat imda coicthe ili / triat agh
for Echaidh Midhi, TE² 26 § 23 ( Ériu xii 158 ). tré ágh a
comlaind ar galaib deisi, as result of fighting with them in a
duel
, TTr.² 1696 . tria ágh an chatha sin `in consequence of
the success of this battle
', FM iii 362.5 .
55(c) In wider sense oppression, maltreatment: co rogaib ág ┐
accais ┐ aingces in tir uile de, TTr.² 1049 . is agh is acais
fulang fergi an fir ud, ZCP x 301.3 . gan ágh gan accais gan
urcoid, MR 294.15 . gach forrán, gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach
iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.3 . Hence danger,
60 fatality, slaughter, etc.: imm-gaib á. ¤ deuitabis periculum, PH
4865 . adbar naig (cheville) LL 17460 . mairg dá ria othar
an áigh `death-wound', Dán Dé xxvi 39 . go madh bás dhuit
gach béim, ┐ go madh ágh gach urchur, ML 120.z . is and
forurmi á. ¤ n-éca, Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 59 . ?Attrib. g s. an tsleg
65áig, SG 127.22 . mór urchar náigh, Atlantis iv 124.6 . damna
áigh, CCath. 4904 ; cf. agh .i. eagla, O'Cl. (ad-ágathar?).

aga n(with unlen. -g-) f. space of time: uair na tairnic in acu
cinter do'n chind `because the period fixed by the head had not
expired
', Laws v 380.4 Comm. an neach bhus sia a. ¤ ón éag
70`whose hour is farthest from death', Dán Dé xiv 2 . madh gearr
m'a. ¤ , O'R. Poems 3895 . is gerr inn a. ¤ gan imthecht `short is
the time
', Studies 1920, 417.1 . aicme gan a. ¤ ar a neart / an
mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ó nach bí a. ¤
aca ar leóirghníomh do dheunamh san mbeatha so (of those
75who repent on their death-beds), Eochairsg. 117.13 . gan a. ¤
ceaselessly, Keat. i 172.3 . Of space: is meádhan an raon atá
idir an dá ghualainn do'n a. ¤ idir an éadan ┐ an imliocán the
line from shoulder to shoulder bisects the space between forehead
and navel
, Eochairsg. 38.32 . daigheadh .i. eadh maith .i.
80a. ¤ mhaith. do bheirim daigheadh don ghaoith .i. do bheirim
a. ¤ mhaith don ghaoith, O'Cl.
Cf. 3 áige.

agabair xsee adabair.

ágach adj o, ā (2 ág) warlike, given to fighting: fochen Cet . . .
85trethan á. ¤ , Sc.M² 15 . fonn sídh an eachshluaigh ághuigh,
O'R. Poems 1587 .